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Ogun State SDGs Household Survey 2019 Slide 1 Ogun State SDGs Household Survey 2019 Slide 2 Ogun State SDGs Household Survey 2019 Slide 3 Ogun State SDGs Household Survey 2019 Slide 4 Ogun State SDGs Household Survey 2019 Slide 5 Ogun State SDGs Household Survey 2019 Slide 6 Ogun State SDGs Household Survey 2019 Slide 7 Ogun State SDGs Household Survey 2019 Slide 8 Ogun State SDGs Household Survey 2019 Slide 9 Ogun State SDGs Household Survey 2019 Slide 10 Ogun State SDGs Household Survey 2019 Slide 11 Ogun State SDGs Household Survey 2019 Slide 12 Ogun State SDGs Household Survey 2019 Slide 13 Ogun State SDGs Household Survey 2019 Slide 14 Ogun State SDGs Household Survey 2019 Slide 15 Ogun State SDGs Household Survey 2019 Slide 16 Ogun State SDGs Household Survey 2019 Slide 17 Ogun State SDGs Household Survey 2019 Slide 18 Ogun State SDGs Household Survey 2019 Slide 19 Ogun State SDGs Household Survey 2019 Slide 20 Ogun State SDGs Household Survey 2019 Slide 21 Ogun State SDGs Household Survey 2019 Slide 22 Ogun State SDGs Household Survey 2019 Slide 23 Ogun State SDGs Household Survey 2019 Slide 24 Ogun State SDGs Household Survey 2019 Slide 25 Ogun State SDGs Household Survey 2019 Slide 26 Ogun State SDGs Household Survey 2019 Slide 27 Ogun State SDGs Household Survey 2019 Slide 28 Ogun State SDGs Household Survey 2019 Slide 29 Ogun State SDGs Household Survey 2019 Slide 30
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Ogun State SDGs Household Survey 2019

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To collect high quality of citizens’ baseline data based on Agenda 2030 and Sustainable Development Goals for monitoring and tracking SDGs performance of key indicators in the various sectors at the sub-national government

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Ogun State SDGs Household Survey 2019

  1. 1. OGUN STATE SDGs HOUSEHOLD SUVERY 2019 DO NOT LEAVE US BEHIND
  2. 2. OGUN STATE SDGs HOUSEHOLD SURVEY OBJECTIVE To collect high quality of citizens’ baseline data based on Agenda 2030 and Sustainable Development Goals for monitoring and tracking SDGs performance of key indicators in the various sectors at the sub national government”. To promote citizens’ participation in the influencing of the state development priorities as they relate to SDGs. To assist the State Government in shaping policy planning and implementation.
  3. 3. OGUN STATE SDGs HOUSEHOLD SURVEY DATA COLLECTION  The Household Survey was supervised by a renowned professor with UN based research experience which covers 24 states in Nigeria.  The survey took into consideration the homogeneity of Ogun State and targeted to administer questionnaires to 2600 respondents distributed across all the wards in Ogun State.  60 enumerators were trained for 2 full days to examine, pre-test and familiarize themselves with the questionnaire.  The questionnaire was pretested and analysed.
  4. 4. OGUN STATE SDGs HOUSEHOLD SURVEY DATA COLLECTION  The modification of the original questionnaire based on the outcome of analyzed pre-test questionnaire.  After the training, the enumerators were distributed to different wards in the state.  The enumerators spent two weeks to administer the questionnaires on daily basis.  2600 respondents in 236 wards in Ogun State were targeted but 2475 respondents were reached in 93% of the wards.  Data was gathered via the e-survey module and has been so efficient and reliable
  5. 5. SECTION A: SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS
  6. 6. SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS Family Head Frequency Percentage Female headed 665 26.87% Male headed 1810 73.13% Total 2475 100.00% Position in the Family Head 1227 49.58% Housewife 868 35.07% Children 317 12.81% Others 63 2.55% Total 2475 100.00% Position of the Respondents in the Family
  7. 7. SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS Type of Settlement Type of Settlement Frequency Percentage Rural 1386 56.00% Urban 1089 44.00% Total 2475 100.00% 9.05% 12.89% 5.33% 8.61% 37.45% 19.96% 6.71% 0.00% 5.00% 10.00% 15.00% 20.00% 25.00% 30.00% 35.00% 40.00% None Agriculture Daily Wage Labourer Public Worker Self Employed Artisan Private OCCUPATIONAL STATUS OF THE RESPONDENTS
  8. 8. SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS Age Range Frequency Percentage Below 18 years 63 2.55% 18 – 25 years 342 13.82% 25 – 45 years 1192 48.16% 45 – 55 years 613 24.77% 55 – 75 years 247 9.98% Above 75 years 18 0.73% Total 2475 100.00% Age Range of the Respondents 9.60% 15.09% 4.99% 36.02% 11.32% 19.31% 2.05% 1.61% 0.00% 5.00% 10.00% 15.00% 20.00% 25.00% 30.00% 35.00% 40.00% Educational Status of the Respondents
  9. 9. SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS Disability Frequency Percentage Physical 81 3.27% Visual 16 0.65% Hearing 12 0.48% Speech 22 0.89% Mental 4 0.16% None 2335 94.34% Others; Please Specify 5 0.20% Total 2475 100.00% Income Frequency Percentage Less than N18,000 843 34.06% N18,000 – N48,000 871 35.19% N48,000 – N68,000 427 17.25% N68,000 – N88,000 188 7.60% N88,000 – N108,000 85 3.43% N108,000 – N200,000 35 1.41% Above N200,000 26 1.05% Total 2475 100.00% Disability Condition of the Respondents Income of the Respondents
  10. 10. SECTION B: REPORT ON THE OUTCOME OF THE SDGs HOUSEHOLD SURVEY
  11. 11. THE THREE MOST DIFFICULT PRIORITIES FACED BY OGUN STATE CITIZENS FOOD EDUCATION HEALTH
  12. 12. SDGs GOAL ONE: End Poverty in All Its Forms Everywhere One of the outcomes of the UN analysis on SDGs Goal 1 states that “the majority of people living on less than $1.90 a day live in sub-Saharan Africa. This corroborates the outcome of the Ogun State Household survey as 69.25% of the respondents falls into this category. The outcome of the analysis shows that out of 2475 respondents, 1714 representing 69.25% earns an income between the range of less than N18,000 and N48,000. In 2017, the outcome of the baseline shows that 43.5% of the respondents are earning between N18,000 and N48,000 while 30.1% earn less than N18,000. In total, 73.6% of the respondents earn between less than N18,000 and N48,000.
  13. 13. SDGs GOAL ONE: End Poverty in All Its Forms Everywhere The class of people in the poverty range are self-employed, artisans and farmers. This is a pointer that for the Ogun State government to improve the poverty rate in the State, there is the need for interventions for citizens that are self-employed, artisans and small scale agro producers. The outcome also shows that the vulnerable people have not access any social protection from the government in the last five years These people are the unemployed, aged, pregnant women, and persons with disabilities
  14. 14. SDGs GOAL 2: End Hunger, Achieve Food Security and Improved Nutrition and Promote Sustainable Agriculture  However, the Ogun State Household Survey 2019 did not capture more on this content but believe that there is a need to carry out a comprehensive farmers’ household study which will be useful in shaping the state agriculture policy thrust which have not been fully reviewed since 1986  In the OGSHS 2019 analysis report, the adequacy of respondent daily food intake was observed and the outcome revealed that 47.43% of the respondents were of the opinion that their food intake is moderately adequate while 31.07% and 21.49% agreed that their food intake is adequate and inadequate respectively.
  15. 15. SDGs GOAL THREE: GOOD HEALTH AND WELL BEING  Comparing the outcomes of the household baseline survey 2017 and the household survey 2019 on SDGs goal 3, it shows there were changes in respect to where citizens undergo treatment. The result shows that in the last two years, most people engages in self - medication and the usage of the primary healthcare centers was on the rise compared to the private healthcare centers. However, this might be as a result of the differences in the population cluster of the surveys. In 2017, most of the respondents were in the urban area of the state while the 2019 survey captured more respondents in the rural areas.  This could further be viewed as that the citizens in the urban areas have alternative to the public healthcare services compare to the rural areas where they are limited to primary healthcare centers or traditional healers. The question is how effective and efficiency is the PHCs in the State? The essence of asking this question is as a result of the rating of the private health care services which is higher than the public health care services sector in outcomes of the survey conducted in 2017 and 2019.
  16. 16. SDGs GOAL FOUR: EDUCATION  In the last eight years, the education budget has received the lion share of the state budget but the impact has not been felt as most of the schools are in a deteriorating state. 18.5% 19.0% 19.5% 20.0% 20.5% 21.0% 21.5% 22.0% 22.5% 23.0% 23.5% 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 Education Budget Total Ogun State Budget % of Education to Total Ogun State Budget
  17. 17. SDGs GOAL FOUR: EDUCATION  From the outcome of the household survey, it was observed that the respondents agree to the deteriorating state of the public schools as they rated school facility and infrastructure fairly also the analysis captured one important facility that is useful in the 21st century which is computer and internet, the outcome shows that 78.30% of the respondents said their children and wards do not have access to computer and internet.
  18. 18. SDGs GOAL FIVE: GENDER  From the outcome of the Ogun State Household Survey 2019, it was observed that 70% of the respondents allow and accept that women should take leadership roles in the community and in every space. It was further examined that over 80% of the respondents agreed to vote for a woman of any political party.  One major women issue identified by the goal is the violence against women and girl child. Of a truth, the rate of VAWG is on the increase, these ranges from wife battering, raping, gang raping among others. From the outcome of the analysis, it was examined that 49.58% of the respondents agreed they are aware of violence against women in their communities in Ogun State, this shows the high rate of violence in the State.  The Ogun State Government has taken a giant step in enacting a law called “violence against person act”. This act explicitly defines every aspect of violence but the awareness of this law from the outcome of the survey shows that 67.27% of the respondents are not aware of the existence of the law.
  19. 19. SDGs GOAL SIX: CLEAN WATER AND SANITATION  From the baseline survey outcomes, the result shows that most of the respondents did not rely on public water provided by the government but have access to borehole water provided for private use. The outcome in the 2019 household survey shows that there has been an increase in the access to borehole water and the access to public water have reduced as the sources of water.  With respect to sewage, reports from the surveys shows that the issue of open defecations is quite low and the most of the respondents have access to their private toilets
  20. 20. SDGs GOAL SEVEN: UNIVERSAL ACCESS TO AFFORDABLE, RELIABLE, SUSTAINABLE, AND MODERN ENERGY  From the result of the survey, it was observed that 80.69% of the respondents claimed to have access to electricity but in terms of adequacy, the response was poor as 70.76% of the respondents said they do not have adequate electricity.  With respect to reliability and affordability of electricity, the respondents were of the opinion that electricity is not reliable and affordable, the outcome also captured amount of paid on a monthly basis on electricity, it was shown that the majority (44.89%) of the respondent pays between N2,000 and N5,000 while 36.57% and 18.55% pay less than N2,000 and above N5,000 respectively  The source of electricity was asked and the result shows that 57.37% of the respondents uses gas as their source of cooking followed by kerosene stove (21.25%); wood stove 20.04%, electric cooker, 1.33%.
  21. 21. SDGs GOAL EIGHT: PROMOTE INCLUSIVE AND SUSTAINABLE ECONOMIC GROWTH, EMPLOYMENT AND DECENT WORK FOR ALL  From the survey, the outcome on unemployment shows that 62.30% of the respondents agreed that there are people unemployed in their household. The outcome also covered the awareness on government employment generation opportunities but the result was negative as 79.23% of the respondents said they are not aware of any government employment.  One of the targets of the SDGs goal 8 is to strengthen the capacity of domestic financial institutions to encourage and expand access to banking, insurance and financial services for all. This was captured by asking the respondents on their accessibility to bank through having a bank account. The outcome shows that 76.04% have a bank account
  22. 22. SDGs GOAL NINE: INDUSTRY, INNVOATION AND INFRASTRUTURE  With respect to accessibility to good roads, the outcome shows that 53.33% believes the roads in the State are not accessible, 70.83% of respondents also were of the opinion that there have not been any road construction or rehabilitation of roads in the last two years and also the present roads are not conducive for PWD and the elderly  With respect to transportation, 70.99% claimed they use commercial transport as their mode of transportation and motor bikes (Okada) happens to be the most frequent mode of transportation. This means that the government should place measures in place to stop accidents through motor bikes
  23. 23. SDGs GOAL ELEVEN: MAKE CITIES AND HUMAN SETTLEMENTS INCLUSIVE, SAFE, RESILIENT AND SUSTAINABLE  It can be concluded from the outcome of the survey that housing is affordable in Ogun State as 64.16% agreed to it. However, the housing affordability  The results also confirmed that 52.93% of the respondents reside in a face to face housing typology followed by flats (24.97%).  For house-owners, following due process is paramount to organizing the housing scheme to achieve sustainable cities, one of the due process is for house owners to get approval by the town planning before engaging in the development of their house, the result of the survey shows that 48.76% did not get approval from the town planning office while 54.85% of the respondents said they have not been consulted or contacted by the town planning agencies.
  24. 24. SDGs GOAL ELEVEN: MAKE CITIES AND HUMAN SETTLEMENTS INCLUSIVE, SAFE, RESILIENT AND SUSTAINABLE  From the outcome of the analysis, 76.23% of the respondents agreed that there are no public parks in their communities and local government.  From the outcome of the survey, it was observed that 80.20% of the respondents are not affected by flooding but when it comes to the level of satisfaction, 52.48% of the respondents are dissatisfied and highly dissatisfied.  Respondents’ mode of waste disposal is through burning. This action calls for government intervention as the impact of burning waste has negative impact on the climate.  One of the most important opinions of the respondents as it regards waste disposal, is the willingness of respondents to pay for improved services as 72.44% agreed to this. The analysis further captured the amount they are willing to pay per week and it was observed that majority (82.95%) of the respondents are willing to pay less than N1,000 for waste disposal
  25. 25. SDGs GOAL THIRTEEN: TAKE URGENT ACTION TO COMBAT CLIMATE CHANGE AND ITS IMPACTS  On the awareness of Ogun State citizens on climate change, 78.06% of the sampled households did not know what climate change is all about.  In ensuring the full support of all, the respondents agreed that the government needs to intensify the awareness on climate change; causes and mitigation.
  26. 26. SDGs GOAL 16: PROMOTE JUST, PEACEFUL AND INCLUSIVE SOCIETIES PEACE, JUSTICE AND STRONG INSTITUTIONS  Citizens’ Perception Index of Corruption (CCPI) To determine the CCPI for Ogun State, the output of the household survey revealed the perception. From the result, it was very glaring that the citizens still believe that corruption is a major problem in this country. The outcome has not differed from the baseline result in 2017 The report also shows that 78% of the respondents believe the government is doing poorly in the fight against corruption. From the report is observed that, the police is the most corrupt public office followed by the office of the governor, followed by the House of Legislatures, then, the Civil Servant and the Judges and Magistrates.
  27. 27. SDGs GOAL 16: PROMOTE JUST, PEACEFUL AND INCLUSIVE SOCIETIES PEACE, JUSTICE AND STRONG INSTITUTIONS  Having shared their perception on the extent of corruption in the country, the most corrupt public institutions, and the extent of the government effectiveness in handling the fight against corruption, respondents were asked to rate the performance of public leaders in all tiers of government  The respondents believe the three tiers of government have performed poorly  Respect for human rights in Nigeria have been considered to be none as 67.31% of the respondents disagreed.  The outcome further captured if government consults the citizens before taking any decisions, the result shows that only 1.78% agreed that they consult the citizens. 
  28. 28. SDGs GOAL 16: PROMOTE JUST, PEACEFUL AND INCLUSIVE SOCIETIES PEACE, JUSTICE AND STRONG INSTITUTIONS  In terms of responsiveness of government to population’s concern and needs, the respondents were asked what their take on this issue is. The results clearly show that government is not responding to the population’s concerns and needs.  Another aspect where the opinion of the citizens was sought is in the area of government informing the citizens on how public funds are utilized. The result shows that 78.06% of the respondents were not informed on how public funds are utilized  With respect to awareness on citizens monitoring government delivery of services in the community, 67.88% of the respondents are not aware that they can monitor government activities most especially in the delivery of services.
  29. 29. SDGs GOAL 16: PROMOTE JUST, PEACEFUL AND INCLUSIVE SOCIETIES PEACE, JUSTICE AND STRONG INSTITUTIONS  The result shows that 78.14% are not aware of the policy that governs right to access information.  The questions further asked whether Government openly shares the necessary information with the public and the result shows that 52.81% (16.13) of the respondents disagree that government does not share necessary information and also does not give access to public information  The citizens’ view was not limited to the 2019 general elections extended to local government council elections. The result of the survey shows that 63.56% agreed to vote in the next local government elections.
  30. 30. THANK YOU

To collect high quality of citizens’ baseline data based on Agenda 2030 and Sustainable Development Goals for monitoring and tracking SDGs performance of key indicators in the various sectors at the sub-national government

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