SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 28
Download to read offline
GENDER MAINSTREAMING AND
LEADERSHIP IN TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS IN
SOUTH WEST, NIGERIA: ANY HOPE FOR
GENDER EQUALITY?
PRESENTED BY
HELEN BODUNDE
Federal University of Agriculture,
Abeokuta
INTRODUCTION
 The concept of and advocacy for Gender
Mainstreaming for national development
have been a debate since its endorsement by
United Nations in 1995.
 It is strategy as a tool for the advancement
of gender equality at the global, regional
and country levels has been the focus of
researchers.
 It has become a tool for achieving equal
rights of men and women to opportunities
and development.
INTRODUCTION
 Since its endorsement in 1995, the level of the adoption of gender
mainstreaming in the leadership positions remains an issue among stakeholders.
 Lack of women representation in leadership positions has been attributed to the
non-implementation of gender mainstreaming in organizations.
 To this end, this paper evaluated the level of the adoption of gender
mainstreaming in the leadership positions across tertiary institutions in Nigeria.
THE CONCEPT OF GENDER
 Gender refers to social attributes, relationships and opportunities associated
with being male and female.
 Gender system is established in all cultures and societies through socialization
process.
 It is done in a way that gender becomes stereotypical.
 Gender approaches focus on the systems that determine gender roles, their
access to and control over resources, and decision making potentials.
THE CONCEPT OF GENDER EQUALITY
 Gender equality denotes equal right, responsibilities
and opportunities between men and women; boys and
girls.
 It implies availability of human rights, responsibilities
and opportunities, perception, interests and needs in
the society without recourse to sex roles.
 The interests, needs and priorities of both male and
female are recognized and considered for all
opportunities and responsibilities.
THE CONCEPT OF GENDER MAINSTREAMING
 Gender mainstreaming (GM) is the approach, strategy or means of engendering
equal participation of men and women in all areas of human life.
 It is concerned with gender perspectives as critical to achieving the goal of
gender equality from policy development to implementation and evaluation.
 The aim of GM is to provide a policy for sustainable contribution to equality
between men and women
BACKGROUND ON GENDER
 In the world, women seem to be more disadvantaged across cultures.
 The level of disadvantage varies from one country to another based on
cultural, historical, social and religious factors.
 These factors lead to gender stereotypic determine the level of women
participation in leadership positions.
BACKGROUND ON GENDER
 In a bid to improve women’ position, UN member states endorsed GM at
the 1995 United Nations’ fourth World Conference in Beijing .
 In 2000, the UN General Assembly had an assessment meeting on the
implementation of the Beijing agreement.
 It identified GM as a good tool for driving Gender Equality
 It has been observed that using GM will lead to changes in the structure
of the mainstream
BACKGROUND ON GENDER
 It therefore reconfirmed the importance of GM and advocated its
incorporation into policy-making at workplace
LEADERSHIP IN WORKPLACE
 Male dominance in organizational set up in more prevalent in our society
 This affects the way issues are addressed and solutions proffered.
 Evidence of mixed working relationship between men and women often
produce better result.
LEADERSHIP IN WORKPLACE
 In tertiary institutions, women have higher participation and completion rates in
tertiary education compared to men.
 They are increasingly out-numbering men in education achievement.
 Studies show gender as a major factor in better leadership while few describe
gender as a non-issue.
 Due to evidence based diversity, nations are increasing women involvement in
leadership positions.
OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The objectives of the study are to:
 examine the adoption of gender mainstreaming in leadership positions in
tertiary institutions in South west of Nigeria
 examine the adoption of gender mainstreaming in leadership positions across
the tertiary institutions(University, polytechnics, Colleges of education) in
South west, Nigeria
 determine the level of adoption of gender mainstreaming in leadership positions
between private and public tertiary institutions of the region.
RESEARCH QUESTIONS
The research is set out to answer the following questions:
 What is the level of adoption of gender mainstreaming in leadership position in
the tertiary institutions in South West, Nigeria?
 What is the level of adoption of gender mainstreaming in leadership positions
across the tertiary institutions in South west, Nigeria
 Do the private or public tertiary institutions consider gender mainstreaming in
leadership positions?
HYPOTHESES TESTING
Two hypothesis were tested
 There is no significant difference in the adoption of gender mainstreaming in
leadership positions across the tertiary institutions
 There is no significant difference in gender mainstreaming in private and public
tertiary institutions in South west.
•SAMPLE
SIZE
•SAMPLE
FRAME
•STUDY
AREA
SOUTH WEST
NIGERIA
80 TERTIARY
INSTITUTIONS
20 PUBLIC AND
10 PRIVATE
TERTIARY
INSTITUIONS
QUESTIONNAIRE
WEBSITES
PERSONAL
INTERVIEW
METHODOLOGY
RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS
Leadership Positions Male Female
Vice chancellor 25(83.3) 5(16.7)
Deputy Vice Chancellor 39(90.6) 9(9.4)
Registrar 23(76.7) 7(23.3)
Bursar 26(86.7) 4(13.3)
Librarian 20(69.9) 10(33.3)
Dean 160(84.3) 25(15.6)
Head of Department 504(79.7) 128(20.2)
Directors of Centre 222(71.1) 90(28.8)
Directors of Committee 96(78.0) 27(21.9)
TABLE 1: GENDER MAINSTREAMING IN LEADERSHIP POSITIONS IN TERTIARY
INSTITUTIONS IN SOUTH WEST, NIGERIA
Variable Frequency Percentage
Available 4 13.3
Not Available 26 86.7
Functionality
Functioning 2 6.7
Not functioning 28 93.3
TABLE 2: AVAILABILITY AND FUNCTIONALITY OF GENDER MAINSTREAMING
POLICY
Table 3: Gender Mainstreaming according to three
cadres of tertiary institutions
Institutions VC/RECTOR
/PROVOST
DVC/DEPUT
Y
REGISTRA
R
LIBRARIA
N
BURSAR DEAN HOD CENTRE COMM
University
Male
Female
22(95.4)
1(4.5)
25(73.5)
9(26.4)
16(64.0)
9(36.0)
27(72.9)
10(27.1)
18(85.7)
3(14.2)
98(84.4)
18(15.6)
365(82.
2)
79(17.7
)
175(69.7
)
76(30.2)
28(75.6)
9(24.3)
Polytechnic
Male
Female
2(50.0)
2(50.0)
2(50.0)
2(50.0)
14(100)
nil
2(50.0)
2(50.0)
4(100.0)
nil
18(84.4)
1(5.26)
63(87.5
)
11(12.5
)
13(86.60
2(13.30
21(80.76
)
5(10.23)
Col. Of Edu.
Male
Female
2(50.0)
2(50.0)
4(100.0)
nil
4(100.0)
nil
2(50.0)
2(50.0)
4(100.0)
nil
20(76.9)
6(23.1)
76(65.5
)
40(34.4
)
34(73.0)
12(27.0)
47(78.3)
13(21.6)
Source: Field survey, 2016
Table 4: Gender Mainstreaming according to
school types
Institutions VC/RECTOR DVC/DEPUT
Y
REGISTRAR LIBRARIA
N
BURSAR DEAN HOD CENTRE COMM
Public Male
Female
16(80.0)
4(20.0)
22(78.5)
6(21.4)
16(72.8)
6(27.2)
26(74.3)
9(25.7)
17(85.0)
3(15.00
95(82.6)
20(17.4)
412(78.
2)
114(21.
6)
186(72.3
)
71(27.6)
81(80.2)
20(19.8)
Private Male
Female
9(90.0)
1(10.0)
12(80.0)
3(20.0)
7(63.6)
4(36.3)
7(77.7)
3(22.3)
9(100.0)
nil
40(88.8)
5(11.1)
92(86.7)
14(12.3)
36(65.4)
19(34.6)
15(68.1)
7(31.8)
HYPOTHESES TESTING
HYPOTHEIS ONE:
ANOVA result showing the test of no significant difference in gender mainstreaming in leadership
positions across the cadres of selected institutions
Variables Sum of squares Df Mean square F value P-values Decision
Between group 997.234 2 498.617 0.387 0.683 NS
Within group 33468.560 26 1282.253
Total 34465.797 28
Interpretation
 There is no significant difference in the
level of adoption of gender mainstreaming in
leadership positions across the cadres of selected
institutions
 School cadre does not play a role in the
level of adoption.
 Null hypothesis accepted
INTERPRETATION
 This result shows that eighteen years after the affirmation of the
importance of gender mainstreaming in gender equality, gender
blindness pervades many of the tertiary institutions who are
supposed to be stakeholders, well positioned to power and drive
the policy.
HYPOTHESES TESTING
HYPOTHEIS TWO:
t-test result showing the test of significant difference of gender mainstreaming of leadership position
between private and public tertiary institutions
Variables N Mean Std Deviation Std Error
Mean
t-value P-Value Decision
Gender Mainstreaming Private 10 28.40 13.10 4.142 -2.045 0.02 Significant
Public 20 54.90 39.608 8.897
INTERPRETATION
 The result shows that the public tertiary institutions show a higher
level of adoption of gender mainstreaming in leadership positions
than the private institutions.
Conclusion
 Many of the institutions do not have GMP,
which may have contributed to its low
adoption
 there are no set out guidelines for
appointment to leadership positions,
employments, admission of students and
other special needs of the two groups.
 the public tertiary institutions show
higher adoption than the private
counterpart.
Conclusion Contd.
a lot to be done by all the stakeholders-
educational institutions: primary to tertiary
levels, public and private;
government: local, state, national (
presidency national and state assemblies in
implementing and enforcing laws;
 and non-governmental organizations(as
major driving tools).
Recommendations
a)Efforts need to put in place to work towards
increasing gender participation in workplace
through:
• awareness raising and sensitization on GM
and GE
•an annual evaluation should be done in
educational institutions, governance and civil
service by creditable evaluators from
institutions, NGO and Government
•organization of gender study groups
•consisting of male and female in all
establishments as pressure groups towards
formulation and implementation of GMP
•Coordinating group at state, regional and national
levels should be encouraged
b) Both male and female in position of authorities
should work towards having representation from
both groups for equity and fulfilling the unity of
opposites.

More Related Content

What's hot

Women and Gender Studies - an Overview
Women and Gender Studies - an OverviewWomen and Gender Studies - an Overview
Women and Gender Studies - an OverviewKimberlyQuinn
 
Discrimination Against Women
Discrimination Against WomenDiscrimination Against Women
Discrimination Against WomenAndie Nds
 
Women empowerment in india
Women empowerment in indiaWomen empowerment in india
Women empowerment in indiaShivani Sharma
 
Women and human rights violations
Women and human rights violationsWomen and human rights violations
Women and human rights violationsAshutosh Goel
 
Gender equality
Gender equalityGender equality
Gender equalityawidzinska
 
Gender=equality
Gender=equalityGender=equality
Gender=equalitysarathrma
 
Assessment of gender equality in ethiopia
Assessment of gender equality in ethiopiaAssessment of gender equality in ethiopia
Assessment of gender equality in ethiopiaAlexander Decker
 
Sustainable Development of Women:The Need of Society
Sustainable Development of Women:The Need of SocietySustainable Development of Women:The Need of Society
Sustainable Development of Women:The Need of SocietysonaliChannawar
 
Status of women in buddhism
Status of women in buddhismStatus of women in buddhism
Status of women in buddhismAsra Qadeer
 
Womenempowerment on pakistan
Womenempowerment on pakistanWomenempowerment on pakistan
Womenempowerment on pakistanJunaid Ali Kazmi
 
Women empowerment in india
Women empowerment in indiaWomen empowerment in india
Women empowerment in indiakanhaiya jha
 
gender equality ppt..pptx
gender equality ppt..pptxgender equality ppt..pptx
gender equality ppt..pptxsuhartadey2
 
Better Governance for Gender Equality
Better Governance for Gender EqualityBetter Governance for Gender Equality
Better Governance for Gender EqualityOECD Governance
 
Gender Budget Analysis Tools
Gender Budget Analysis ToolsGender Budget Analysis Tools
Gender Budget Analysis Toolsbegraj SIWAL
 
Transgender status and rights in Pakistan
Transgender status and rights in PakistanTransgender status and rights in Pakistan
Transgender status and rights in PakistanMaira Asif
 
Gender mainstreaming in organization, policies, programs and projects
Gender mainstreaming in organization, policies, programs and projectsGender mainstreaming in organization, policies, programs and projects
Gender mainstreaming in organization, policies, programs and projectsEngr Mansoor Ul Hassan Siddiqui
 

What's hot (20)

Women and Human Rights
Women and Human RightsWomen and Human Rights
Women and Human Rights
 
Women and Gender Studies - an Overview
Women and Gender Studies - an OverviewWomen and Gender Studies - an Overview
Women and Gender Studies - an Overview
 
Gender justice
Gender justiceGender justice
Gender justice
 
Discrimination Against Women
Discrimination Against WomenDiscrimination Against Women
Discrimination Against Women
 
Women empowerment in india
Women empowerment in indiaWomen empowerment in india
Women empowerment in india
 
Women and human rights violations
Women and human rights violationsWomen and human rights violations
Women and human rights violations
 
Gender equality
Gender equalityGender equality
Gender equality
 
Gender=equality
Gender=equalityGender=equality
Gender=equality
 
Concept & Context of Gender
Concept & Context of GenderConcept & Context of Gender
Concept & Context of Gender
 
women empowerment
women empowermentwomen empowerment
women empowerment
 
Assessment of gender equality in ethiopia
Assessment of gender equality in ethiopiaAssessment of gender equality in ethiopia
Assessment of gender equality in ethiopia
 
Sustainable Development of Women:The Need of Society
Sustainable Development of Women:The Need of SocietySustainable Development of Women:The Need of Society
Sustainable Development of Women:The Need of Society
 
Status of women in buddhism
Status of women in buddhismStatus of women in buddhism
Status of women in buddhism
 
Womenempowerment on pakistan
Womenempowerment on pakistanWomenempowerment on pakistan
Womenempowerment on pakistan
 
Women empowerment in india
Women empowerment in indiaWomen empowerment in india
Women empowerment in india
 
gender equality ppt..pptx
gender equality ppt..pptxgender equality ppt..pptx
gender equality ppt..pptx
 
Better Governance for Gender Equality
Better Governance for Gender EqualityBetter Governance for Gender Equality
Better Governance for Gender Equality
 
Gender Budget Analysis Tools
Gender Budget Analysis ToolsGender Budget Analysis Tools
Gender Budget Analysis Tools
 
Transgender status and rights in Pakistan
Transgender status and rights in PakistanTransgender status and rights in Pakistan
Transgender status and rights in Pakistan
 
Gender mainstreaming in organization, policies, programs and projects
Gender mainstreaming in organization, policies, programs and projectsGender mainstreaming in organization, policies, programs and projects
Gender mainstreaming in organization, policies, programs and projects
 

Similar to Gender Mainstreaming and Leadership in Tertiary Institutions

Gender Mainstreaming And Planning
Gender Mainstreaming And PlanningGender Mainstreaming And Planning
Gender Mainstreaming And Planningguestad70521
 
An Assessment Of Women Empowerment In Public Institutions The Case Of Benish...
An Assessment Of Women Empowerment In Public Institutions  The Case Of Benish...An Assessment Of Women Empowerment In Public Institutions  The Case Of Benish...
An Assessment Of Women Empowerment In Public Institutions The Case Of Benish...Jeff Nelson
 
V4 c being-a-man-in-nigeria-perceptions-and-realities-25.09-2
V4 c being-a-man-in-nigeria-perceptions-and-realities-25.09-2V4 c being-a-man-in-nigeria-perceptions-and-realities-25.09-2
V4 c being-a-man-in-nigeria-perceptions-and-realities-25.09-2Kolawole Ibitoye
 
V4 c being-a-man-in-nigeria-perceptions-and-realities-25.09-2
V4 c being-a-man-in-nigeria-perceptions-and-realities-25.09-2V4 c being-a-man-in-nigeria-perceptions-and-realities-25.09-2
V4 c being-a-man-in-nigeria-perceptions-and-realities-25.09-2Kolawole Ibitoye
 
Addressing the policy and institutional barriers to gender equity
Addressing the policy and institutional barriers to gender equityAddressing the policy and institutional barriers to gender equity
Addressing the policy and institutional barriers to gender equityCGIAR
 
Gender in Policies, Institutions and Markets
Gender in Policies, Institutions and MarketsGender in Policies, Institutions and Markets
Gender in Policies, Institutions and MarketsIFPRI-PIM
 
%5Biwc8%5D-gender-mainstreaming-undp%E2%80%99s-ongoing-efforts.pptx
%5Biwc8%5D-gender-mainstreaming-undp%E2%80%99s-ongoing-efforts.pptx%5Biwc8%5D-gender-mainstreaming-undp%E2%80%99s-ongoing-efforts.pptx
%5Biwc8%5D-gender-mainstreaming-undp%E2%80%99s-ongoing-efforts.pptxSadafDar3
 
1 Gender Mainstreaming, Education and Poverty, Elaine Unterhalter
1 Gender Mainstreaming, Education and Poverty, Elaine Unterhalter1 Gender Mainstreaming, Education and Poverty, Elaine Unterhalter
1 Gender Mainstreaming, Education and Poverty, Elaine UnterhalterThe Impact Initiative
 
What is Gender...??? Describe in detail. Gender And Sex..??? written By Rizw...
What is Gender...???  Describe in detail. Gender And Sex..??? written By Rizw...What is Gender...???  Describe in detail. Gender And Sex..??? written By Rizw...
What is Gender...??? Describe in detail. Gender And Sex..??? written By Rizw...Rizwan Hussainy
 
Gender Analysis Framework & Planning (B.R. Siwal)
Gender Analysis Framework  & Planning (B.R. Siwal)Gender Analysis Framework  & Planning (B.R. Siwal)
Gender Analysis Framework & Planning (B.R. Siwal)guest8c04105
 
Some gender concepts
Some gender conceptsSome gender concepts
Some gender conceptsILRI
 
Assessment of women non formal educational empowerment programm
Assessment of women non formal educational empowerment programmAssessment of women non formal educational empowerment programm
Assessment of women non formal educational empowerment programmDr. Mary Agbo
 
Gender Mainstreaming
Gender MainstreamingGender Mainstreaming
Gender Mainstreamingguest8c04105
 
Gender Mainstreaming
Gender MainstreamingGender Mainstreaming
Gender Mainstreamingbegraj SIWAL
 
Factors influencing-gender-equality-among-multi-sectoral-workers-in-meru-coun...
Factors influencing-gender-equality-among-multi-sectoral-workers-in-meru-coun...Factors influencing-gender-equality-among-multi-sectoral-workers-in-meru-coun...
Factors influencing-gender-equality-among-multi-sectoral-workers-in-meru-coun...oircjournals
 

Similar to Gender Mainstreaming and Leadership in Tertiary Institutions (20)

Gender Mainstreaming And Planning
Gender Mainstreaming And PlanningGender Mainstreaming And Planning
Gender Mainstreaming And Planning
 
An Assessment Of Women Empowerment In Public Institutions The Case Of Benish...
An Assessment Of Women Empowerment In Public Institutions  The Case Of Benish...An Assessment Of Women Empowerment In Public Institutions  The Case Of Benish...
An Assessment Of Women Empowerment In Public Institutions The Case Of Benish...
 
Unravelling gendered practices in public water sector in Nepal
Unravelling gendered practices in public water sector in NepalUnravelling gendered practices in public water sector in Nepal
Unravelling gendered practices in public water sector in Nepal
 
Proposal PP.pptx
Proposal PP.pptxProposal PP.pptx
Proposal PP.pptx
 
V4 c being-a-man-in-nigeria-perceptions-and-realities-25.09-2
V4 c being-a-man-in-nigeria-perceptions-and-realities-25.09-2V4 c being-a-man-in-nigeria-perceptions-and-realities-25.09-2
V4 c being-a-man-in-nigeria-perceptions-and-realities-25.09-2
 
V4 c being-a-man-in-nigeria-perceptions-and-realities-25.09-2
V4 c being-a-man-in-nigeria-perceptions-and-realities-25.09-2V4 c being-a-man-in-nigeria-perceptions-and-realities-25.09-2
V4 c being-a-man-in-nigeria-perceptions-and-realities-25.09-2
 
Gender Concepts
Gender ConceptsGender Concepts
Gender Concepts
 
Addressing the policy and institutional barriers to gender equity
Addressing the policy and institutional barriers to gender equityAddressing the policy and institutional barriers to gender equity
Addressing the policy and institutional barriers to gender equity
 
Gender in Policies, Institutions and Markets
Gender in Policies, Institutions and MarketsGender in Policies, Institutions and Markets
Gender in Policies, Institutions and Markets
 
%5Biwc8%5D-gender-mainstreaming-undp%E2%80%99s-ongoing-efforts.pptx
%5Biwc8%5D-gender-mainstreaming-undp%E2%80%99s-ongoing-efforts.pptx%5Biwc8%5D-gender-mainstreaming-undp%E2%80%99s-ongoing-efforts.pptx
%5Biwc8%5D-gender-mainstreaming-undp%E2%80%99s-ongoing-efforts.pptx
 
Gender training workshop for iita 4 gender mainstreaming
Gender training workshop for iita 4  gender mainstreamingGender training workshop for iita 4  gender mainstreaming
Gender training workshop for iita 4 gender mainstreaming
 
1 Gender Mainstreaming, Education and Poverty, Elaine Unterhalter
1 Gender Mainstreaming, Education and Poverty, Elaine Unterhalter1 Gender Mainstreaming, Education and Poverty, Elaine Unterhalter
1 Gender Mainstreaming, Education and Poverty, Elaine Unterhalter
 
What is Gender...??? Describe in detail. Gender And Sex..??? written By Rizw...
What is Gender...???  Describe in detail. Gender And Sex..??? written By Rizw...What is Gender...???  Describe in detail. Gender And Sex..??? written By Rizw...
What is Gender...??? Describe in detail. Gender And Sex..??? written By Rizw...
 
Gender Analysis Framework & Planning (B.R. Siwal)
Gender Analysis Framework  & Planning (B.R. Siwal)Gender Analysis Framework  & Planning (B.R. Siwal)
Gender Analysis Framework & Planning (B.R. Siwal)
 
Some gender concepts
Some gender conceptsSome gender concepts
Some gender concepts
 
Assessment of women non formal educational empowerment programm
Assessment of women non formal educational empowerment programmAssessment of women non formal educational empowerment programm
Assessment of women non formal educational empowerment programm
 
ASSESSMENT OF WOMEN NON-FORMAL EDUCATIONAL EMPOWERMENT PROGRAM IN BENUE STAT...
ASSESSMENT OF WOMEN NON-FORMAL EDUCATIONAL EMPOWERMENT PROGRAM IN BENUE STAT...ASSESSMENT OF WOMEN NON-FORMAL EDUCATIONAL EMPOWERMENT PROGRAM IN BENUE STAT...
ASSESSMENT OF WOMEN NON-FORMAL EDUCATIONAL EMPOWERMENT PROGRAM IN BENUE STAT...
 
Gender Mainstreaming
Gender MainstreamingGender Mainstreaming
Gender Mainstreaming
 
Gender Mainstreaming
Gender MainstreamingGender Mainstreaming
Gender Mainstreaming
 
Factors influencing-gender-equality-among-multi-sectoral-workers-in-meru-coun...
Factors influencing-gender-equality-among-multi-sectoral-workers-in-meru-coun...Factors influencing-gender-equality-among-multi-sectoral-workers-in-meru-coun...
Factors influencing-gender-equality-among-multi-sectoral-workers-in-meru-coun...
 

More from Civil Society Coalition on Sustainable Development

More from Civil Society Coalition on Sustainable Development (12)

Localising Media Contents as a Strategy for Sustainable Development
Localising Media Contents as a Strategy for Sustainable DevelopmentLocalising Media Contents as a Strategy for Sustainable Development
Localising Media Contents as a Strategy for Sustainable Development
 
Ogun State SDGs Household Survey 2019
Ogun State SDGs Household Survey 2019Ogun State SDGs Household Survey 2019
Ogun State SDGs Household Survey 2019
 
Food and Nutrition Security Dimensions, Indicators and Framework
Food and Nutrition Security Dimensions, Indicators and FrameworkFood and Nutrition Security Dimensions, Indicators and Framework
Food and Nutrition Security Dimensions, Indicators and Framework
 
Assessing Information on Migration Behaviour
Assessing Information on Migration BehaviourAssessing Information on Migration Behaviour
Assessing Information on Migration Behaviour
 
Women’s Decision-Making Position and Political Participation
Women’s Decision-Making Position and Political ParticipationWomen’s Decision-Making Position and Political Participation
Women’s Decision-Making Position and Political Participation
 
Reducing Malnutrition and Rural Poverty in Nigeria
Reducing Malnutrition and Rural Poverty in NigeriaReducing Malnutrition and Rural Poverty in Nigeria
Reducing Malnutrition and Rural Poverty in Nigeria
 
Exploring Social Studies Education as Communication Strategy
Exploring Social Studies  Education as Communication StrategyExploring Social Studies  Education as Communication Strategy
Exploring Social Studies Education as Communication Strategy
 
Effects of Farmers-Herdsmen Conflict on Arable Crop Farmers' Livelihoods
Effects of Farmers-Herdsmen Conflict on Arable Crop Farmers' LivelihoodsEffects of Farmers-Herdsmen Conflict on Arable Crop Farmers' Livelihoods
Effects of Farmers-Herdsmen Conflict on Arable Crop Farmers' Livelihoods
 
Status of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in the Niger Delta
Status of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in the Niger DeltaStatus of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in the Niger Delta
Status of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in the Niger Delta
 
Achieving SDGs Through Technology-Driven Solutions
Achieving SDGs Through Technology-Driven SolutionsAchieving SDGs Through Technology-Driven Solutions
Achieving SDGs Through Technology-Driven Solutions
 
Evaluation of Second Language Teachers’ Awareness and Application of Reading ...
Evaluation of Second Language Teachers’ Awareness and Application of Reading ...Evaluation of Second Language Teachers’ Awareness and Application of Reading ...
Evaluation of Second Language Teachers’ Awareness and Application of Reading ...
 
Entrepreneurship Financing and Poverty Eradication in Nigeria
Entrepreneurship Financing and Poverty Eradication in NigeriaEntrepreneurship Financing and Poverty Eradication in Nigeria
Entrepreneurship Financing and Poverty Eradication in Nigeria
 

Recently uploaded

Item # 1a --- March 25, 2024 CCM Minutes
Item # 1a --- March 25, 2024 CCM MinutesItem # 1a --- March 25, 2024 CCM Minutes
Item # 1a --- March 25, 2024 CCM Minutesahcitycouncil
 
Phase 8 Hope For Venezuelan Refugees Soup Meal Program-Periods 4-6.
Phase 8 Hope For Venezuelan Refugees Soup Meal Program-Periods 4-6.Phase 8 Hope For Venezuelan Refugees Soup Meal Program-Periods 4-6.
Phase 8 Hope For Venezuelan Refugees Soup Meal Program-Periods 4-6.Cristal Montañéz
 
Actions to take at the global, national and local levels to realize the right...
Actions to take at the global, national and local levels to realize the right...Actions to take at the global, national and local levels to realize the right...
Actions to take at the global, national and local levels to realize the right...Christina Parmionova
 
Health rights correspond to a checklisk.
Health rights correspond to a checklisk.Health rights correspond to a checklisk.
Health rights correspond to a checklisk.Christina Parmionova
 
April 7th - World Health Day 2024 - My Health. My Right.
April 7th - World Health Day 2024 - My Health. My Right.April 7th - World Health Day 2024 - My Health. My Right.
April 7th - World Health Day 2024 - My Health. My Right.Christina Parmionova
 
PPT Item # 2 -- Announcements Powerpoint
PPT Item # 2 -- Announcements PowerpointPPT Item # 2 -- Announcements Powerpoint
PPT Item # 2 -- Announcements Powerpointahcitycouncil
 
Phase 8 Hope For Venezuelan Refugees Soup Program-Periods 1-3.pdf
Phase 8 Hope For Venezuelan Refugees Soup Program-Periods 1-3.pdfPhase 8 Hope For Venezuelan Refugees Soup Program-Periods 1-3.pdf
Phase 8 Hope For Venezuelan Refugees Soup Program-Periods 1-3.pdfCristal Montañéz
 
2024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 22
2024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 222024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 22
2024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 22JSchaus & Associates
 
2024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 23
2024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 232024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 23
2024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 23JSchaus & Associates
 
Item # 6 - TBG Partners Landscape Architectural Design Services
Item # 6 - TBG Partners Landscape Architectural Design ServicesItem # 6 - TBG Partners Landscape Architectural Design Services
Item # 6 - TBG Partners Landscape Architectural Design Servicesahcitycouncil
 
ECOSOC YOUTH FORUM 2024 - Side Events Schedule -16 April.
ECOSOC YOUTH FORUM 2024 - Side Events Schedule -16 April.ECOSOC YOUTH FORUM 2024 - Side Events Schedule -16 April.
ECOSOC YOUTH FORUM 2024 - Side Events Schedule -16 April.Christina Parmionova
 
2024 ECOSOC YOUTH FORUM -logistical information - United Nations Economic an...
2024 ECOSOC YOUTH FORUM -logistical information -  United Nations Economic an...2024 ECOSOC YOUTH FORUM -logistical information -  United Nations Economic an...
2024 ECOSOC YOUTH FORUM -logistical information - United Nations Economic an...Christina Parmionova
 
2nd edition of the Australian Charter of Healthcare Rights.
2nd edition of the Australian Charter of Healthcare Rights.2nd edition of the Australian Charter of Healthcare Rights.
2nd edition of the Australian Charter of Healthcare Rights.Christina Parmionova
 
World Leader Summit of Love and Peace - 5th International day of conscience -...
World Leader Summit of Love and Peace - 5th International day of conscience -...World Leader Summit of Love and Peace - 5th International day of conscience -...
World Leader Summit of Love and Peace - 5th International day of conscience -...Christina Parmionova
 
Madison Cat Project - Foster Training: Lesson 1
Madison Cat Project - Foster Training: Lesson 1Madison Cat Project - Foster Training: Lesson 1
Madison Cat Project - Foster Training: Lesson 1KelleyWasmund
 
2023 Barangay Officials pre assumption PPT.pptx
2023 Barangay Officials pre assumption PPT.pptx2023 Barangay Officials pre assumption PPT.pptx
2023 Barangay Officials pre assumption PPT.pptxMariaFionaDuranMerqu
 
Conscience. Love. Peace - International Day of Conscience 2024.
Conscience. Love. Peace  - International Day of Conscience 2024.Conscience. Love. Peace  - International Day of Conscience 2024.
Conscience. Love. Peace - International Day of Conscience 2024.Christina Parmionova
 
ISEIDP in Chikkaballapura, Karnataka, India
ISEIDP in Chikkaballapura, Karnataka, IndiaISEIDP in Chikkaballapura, Karnataka, India
ISEIDP in Chikkaballapura, Karnataka, IndiaTrinity Care Foundation
 
Blood in the Batteries: The Tragic Cost of Child Exploitation in Our Renewabl...
Blood in the Batteries: The Tragic Cost of Child Exploitation in Our Renewabl...Blood in the Batteries: The Tragic Cost of Child Exploitation in Our Renewabl...
Blood in the Batteries: The Tragic Cost of Child Exploitation in Our Renewabl...Emancip8 Project
 
PPT Item # 4&5 - 415 & 423 Evans Ave. Replat.pdf
PPT Item # 4&5 - 415 & 423 Evans Ave. Replat.pdfPPT Item # 4&5 - 415 & 423 Evans Ave. Replat.pdf
PPT Item # 4&5 - 415 & 423 Evans Ave. Replat.pdfahcitycouncil
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Item # 1a --- March 25, 2024 CCM Minutes
Item # 1a --- March 25, 2024 CCM MinutesItem # 1a --- March 25, 2024 CCM Minutes
Item # 1a --- March 25, 2024 CCM Minutes
 
Phase 8 Hope For Venezuelan Refugees Soup Meal Program-Periods 4-6.
Phase 8 Hope For Venezuelan Refugees Soup Meal Program-Periods 4-6.Phase 8 Hope For Venezuelan Refugees Soup Meal Program-Periods 4-6.
Phase 8 Hope For Venezuelan Refugees Soup Meal Program-Periods 4-6.
 
Actions to take at the global, national and local levels to realize the right...
Actions to take at the global, national and local levels to realize the right...Actions to take at the global, national and local levels to realize the right...
Actions to take at the global, national and local levels to realize the right...
 
Health rights correspond to a checklisk.
Health rights correspond to a checklisk.Health rights correspond to a checklisk.
Health rights correspond to a checklisk.
 
April 7th - World Health Day 2024 - My Health. My Right.
April 7th - World Health Day 2024 - My Health. My Right.April 7th - World Health Day 2024 - My Health. My Right.
April 7th - World Health Day 2024 - My Health. My Right.
 
PPT Item # 2 -- Announcements Powerpoint
PPT Item # 2 -- Announcements PowerpointPPT Item # 2 -- Announcements Powerpoint
PPT Item # 2 -- Announcements Powerpoint
 
Phase 8 Hope For Venezuelan Refugees Soup Program-Periods 1-3.pdf
Phase 8 Hope For Venezuelan Refugees Soup Program-Periods 1-3.pdfPhase 8 Hope For Venezuelan Refugees Soup Program-Periods 1-3.pdf
Phase 8 Hope For Venezuelan Refugees Soup Program-Periods 1-3.pdf
 
2024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 22
2024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 222024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 22
2024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 22
 
2024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 23
2024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 232024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 23
2024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 23
 
Item # 6 - TBG Partners Landscape Architectural Design Services
Item # 6 - TBG Partners Landscape Architectural Design ServicesItem # 6 - TBG Partners Landscape Architectural Design Services
Item # 6 - TBG Partners Landscape Architectural Design Services
 
ECOSOC YOUTH FORUM 2024 - Side Events Schedule -16 April.
ECOSOC YOUTH FORUM 2024 - Side Events Schedule -16 April.ECOSOC YOUTH FORUM 2024 - Side Events Schedule -16 April.
ECOSOC YOUTH FORUM 2024 - Side Events Schedule -16 April.
 
2024 ECOSOC YOUTH FORUM -logistical information - United Nations Economic an...
2024 ECOSOC YOUTH FORUM -logistical information -  United Nations Economic an...2024 ECOSOC YOUTH FORUM -logistical information -  United Nations Economic an...
2024 ECOSOC YOUTH FORUM -logistical information - United Nations Economic an...
 
2nd edition of the Australian Charter of Healthcare Rights.
2nd edition of the Australian Charter of Healthcare Rights.2nd edition of the Australian Charter of Healthcare Rights.
2nd edition of the Australian Charter of Healthcare Rights.
 
World Leader Summit of Love and Peace - 5th International day of conscience -...
World Leader Summit of Love and Peace - 5th International day of conscience -...World Leader Summit of Love and Peace - 5th International day of conscience -...
World Leader Summit of Love and Peace - 5th International day of conscience -...
 
Madison Cat Project - Foster Training: Lesson 1
Madison Cat Project - Foster Training: Lesson 1Madison Cat Project - Foster Training: Lesson 1
Madison Cat Project - Foster Training: Lesson 1
 
2023 Barangay Officials pre assumption PPT.pptx
2023 Barangay Officials pre assumption PPT.pptx2023 Barangay Officials pre assumption PPT.pptx
2023 Barangay Officials pre assumption PPT.pptx
 
Conscience. Love. Peace - International Day of Conscience 2024.
Conscience. Love. Peace  - International Day of Conscience 2024.Conscience. Love. Peace  - International Day of Conscience 2024.
Conscience. Love. Peace - International Day of Conscience 2024.
 
ISEIDP in Chikkaballapura, Karnataka, India
ISEIDP in Chikkaballapura, Karnataka, IndiaISEIDP in Chikkaballapura, Karnataka, India
ISEIDP in Chikkaballapura, Karnataka, India
 
Blood in the Batteries: The Tragic Cost of Child Exploitation in Our Renewabl...
Blood in the Batteries: The Tragic Cost of Child Exploitation in Our Renewabl...Blood in the Batteries: The Tragic Cost of Child Exploitation in Our Renewabl...
Blood in the Batteries: The Tragic Cost of Child Exploitation in Our Renewabl...
 
PPT Item # 4&5 - 415 & 423 Evans Ave. Replat.pdf
PPT Item # 4&5 - 415 & 423 Evans Ave. Replat.pdfPPT Item # 4&5 - 415 & 423 Evans Ave. Replat.pdf
PPT Item # 4&5 - 415 & 423 Evans Ave. Replat.pdf
 

Gender Mainstreaming and Leadership in Tertiary Institutions

  • 1. GENDER MAINSTREAMING AND LEADERSHIP IN TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS IN SOUTH WEST, NIGERIA: ANY HOPE FOR GENDER EQUALITY? PRESENTED BY HELEN BODUNDE Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta
  • 2. INTRODUCTION  The concept of and advocacy for Gender Mainstreaming for national development have been a debate since its endorsement by United Nations in 1995.  It is strategy as a tool for the advancement of gender equality at the global, regional and country levels has been the focus of researchers.  It has become a tool for achieving equal rights of men and women to opportunities and development.
  • 3. INTRODUCTION  Since its endorsement in 1995, the level of the adoption of gender mainstreaming in the leadership positions remains an issue among stakeholders.  Lack of women representation in leadership positions has been attributed to the non-implementation of gender mainstreaming in organizations.  To this end, this paper evaluated the level of the adoption of gender mainstreaming in the leadership positions across tertiary institutions in Nigeria.
  • 4. THE CONCEPT OF GENDER  Gender refers to social attributes, relationships and opportunities associated with being male and female.  Gender system is established in all cultures and societies through socialization process.  It is done in a way that gender becomes stereotypical.  Gender approaches focus on the systems that determine gender roles, their access to and control over resources, and decision making potentials.
  • 5. THE CONCEPT OF GENDER EQUALITY  Gender equality denotes equal right, responsibilities and opportunities between men and women; boys and girls.  It implies availability of human rights, responsibilities and opportunities, perception, interests and needs in the society without recourse to sex roles.  The interests, needs and priorities of both male and female are recognized and considered for all opportunities and responsibilities.
  • 6. THE CONCEPT OF GENDER MAINSTREAMING  Gender mainstreaming (GM) is the approach, strategy or means of engendering equal participation of men and women in all areas of human life.  It is concerned with gender perspectives as critical to achieving the goal of gender equality from policy development to implementation and evaluation.  The aim of GM is to provide a policy for sustainable contribution to equality between men and women
  • 7. BACKGROUND ON GENDER  In the world, women seem to be more disadvantaged across cultures.  The level of disadvantage varies from one country to another based on cultural, historical, social and religious factors.  These factors lead to gender stereotypic determine the level of women participation in leadership positions.
  • 8. BACKGROUND ON GENDER  In a bid to improve women’ position, UN member states endorsed GM at the 1995 United Nations’ fourth World Conference in Beijing .  In 2000, the UN General Assembly had an assessment meeting on the implementation of the Beijing agreement.  It identified GM as a good tool for driving Gender Equality  It has been observed that using GM will lead to changes in the structure of the mainstream
  • 9. BACKGROUND ON GENDER  It therefore reconfirmed the importance of GM and advocated its incorporation into policy-making at workplace
  • 10. LEADERSHIP IN WORKPLACE  Male dominance in organizational set up in more prevalent in our society  This affects the way issues are addressed and solutions proffered.  Evidence of mixed working relationship between men and women often produce better result.
  • 11. LEADERSHIP IN WORKPLACE  In tertiary institutions, women have higher participation and completion rates in tertiary education compared to men.  They are increasingly out-numbering men in education achievement.  Studies show gender as a major factor in better leadership while few describe gender as a non-issue.  Due to evidence based diversity, nations are increasing women involvement in leadership positions.
  • 12. OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY The objectives of the study are to:  examine the adoption of gender mainstreaming in leadership positions in tertiary institutions in South west of Nigeria  examine the adoption of gender mainstreaming in leadership positions across the tertiary institutions(University, polytechnics, Colleges of education) in South west, Nigeria  determine the level of adoption of gender mainstreaming in leadership positions between private and public tertiary institutions of the region.
  • 13. RESEARCH QUESTIONS The research is set out to answer the following questions:  What is the level of adoption of gender mainstreaming in leadership position in the tertiary institutions in South West, Nigeria?  What is the level of adoption of gender mainstreaming in leadership positions across the tertiary institutions in South west, Nigeria  Do the private or public tertiary institutions consider gender mainstreaming in leadership positions?
  • 14. HYPOTHESES TESTING Two hypothesis were tested  There is no significant difference in the adoption of gender mainstreaming in leadership positions across the tertiary institutions  There is no significant difference in gender mainstreaming in private and public tertiary institutions in South west.
  • 15. •SAMPLE SIZE •SAMPLE FRAME •STUDY AREA SOUTH WEST NIGERIA 80 TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS 20 PUBLIC AND 10 PRIVATE TERTIARY INSTITUIONS QUESTIONNAIRE WEBSITES PERSONAL INTERVIEW METHODOLOGY
  • 16. RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS Leadership Positions Male Female Vice chancellor 25(83.3) 5(16.7) Deputy Vice Chancellor 39(90.6) 9(9.4) Registrar 23(76.7) 7(23.3) Bursar 26(86.7) 4(13.3) Librarian 20(69.9) 10(33.3) Dean 160(84.3) 25(15.6) Head of Department 504(79.7) 128(20.2) Directors of Centre 222(71.1) 90(28.8) Directors of Committee 96(78.0) 27(21.9) TABLE 1: GENDER MAINSTREAMING IN LEADERSHIP POSITIONS IN TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS IN SOUTH WEST, NIGERIA
  • 17. Variable Frequency Percentage Available 4 13.3 Not Available 26 86.7 Functionality Functioning 2 6.7 Not functioning 28 93.3 TABLE 2: AVAILABILITY AND FUNCTIONALITY OF GENDER MAINSTREAMING POLICY
  • 18. Table 3: Gender Mainstreaming according to three cadres of tertiary institutions Institutions VC/RECTOR /PROVOST DVC/DEPUT Y REGISTRA R LIBRARIA N BURSAR DEAN HOD CENTRE COMM University Male Female 22(95.4) 1(4.5) 25(73.5) 9(26.4) 16(64.0) 9(36.0) 27(72.9) 10(27.1) 18(85.7) 3(14.2) 98(84.4) 18(15.6) 365(82. 2) 79(17.7 ) 175(69.7 ) 76(30.2) 28(75.6) 9(24.3) Polytechnic Male Female 2(50.0) 2(50.0) 2(50.0) 2(50.0) 14(100) nil 2(50.0) 2(50.0) 4(100.0) nil 18(84.4) 1(5.26) 63(87.5 ) 11(12.5 ) 13(86.60 2(13.30 21(80.76 ) 5(10.23) Col. Of Edu. Male Female 2(50.0) 2(50.0) 4(100.0) nil 4(100.0) nil 2(50.0) 2(50.0) 4(100.0) nil 20(76.9) 6(23.1) 76(65.5 ) 40(34.4 ) 34(73.0) 12(27.0) 47(78.3) 13(21.6) Source: Field survey, 2016
  • 19. Table 4: Gender Mainstreaming according to school types Institutions VC/RECTOR DVC/DEPUT Y REGISTRAR LIBRARIA N BURSAR DEAN HOD CENTRE COMM Public Male Female 16(80.0) 4(20.0) 22(78.5) 6(21.4) 16(72.8) 6(27.2) 26(74.3) 9(25.7) 17(85.0) 3(15.00 95(82.6) 20(17.4) 412(78. 2) 114(21. 6) 186(72.3 ) 71(27.6) 81(80.2) 20(19.8) Private Male Female 9(90.0) 1(10.0) 12(80.0) 3(20.0) 7(63.6) 4(36.3) 7(77.7) 3(22.3) 9(100.0) nil 40(88.8) 5(11.1) 92(86.7) 14(12.3) 36(65.4) 19(34.6) 15(68.1) 7(31.8)
  • 20. HYPOTHESES TESTING HYPOTHEIS ONE: ANOVA result showing the test of no significant difference in gender mainstreaming in leadership positions across the cadres of selected institutions Variables Sum of squares Df Mean square F value P-values Decision Between group 997.234 2 498.617 0.387 0.683 NS Within group 33468.560 26 1282.253 Total 34465.797 28
  • 21. Interpretation  There is no significant difference in the level of adoption of gender mainstreaming in leadership positions across the cadres of selected institutions  School cadre does not play a role in the level of adoption.  Null hypothesis accepted
  • 22. INTERPRETATION  This result shows that eighteen years after the affirmation of the importance of gender mainstreaming in gender equality, gender blindness pervades many of the tertiary institutions who are supposed to be stakeholders, well positioned to power and drive the policy.
  • 23. HYPOTHESES TESTING HYPOTHEIS TWO: t-test result showing the test of significant difference of gender mainstreaming of leadership position between private and public tertiary institutions Variables N Mean Std Deviation Std Error Mean t-value P-Value Decision Gender Mainstreaming Private 10 28.40 13.10 4.142 -2.045 0.02 Significant Public 20 54.90 39.608 8.897
  • 24. INTERPRETATION  The result shows that the public tertiary institutions show a higher level of adoption of gender mainstreaming in leadership positions than the private institutions.
  • 25. Conclusion  Many of the institutions do not have GMP, which may have contributed to its low adoption  there are no set out guidelines for appointment to leadership positions, employments, admission of students and other special needs of the two groups.  the public tertiary institutions show higher adoption than the private counterpart.
  • 26. Conclusion Contd. a lot to be done by all the stakeholders- educational institutions: primary to tertiary levels, public and private; government: local, state, national ( presidency national and state assemblies in implementing and enforcing laws;  and non-governmental organizations(as major driving tools).
  • 27. Recommendations a)Efforts need to put in place to work towards increasing gender participation in workplace through: • awareness raising and sensitization on GM and GE •an annual evaluation should be done in educational institutions, governance and civil service by creditable evaluators from institutions, NGO and Government •organization of gender study groups
  • 28. •consisting of male and female in all establishments as pressure groups towards formulation and implementation of GMP •Coordinating group at state, regional and national levels should be encouraged b) Both male and female in position of authorities should work towards having representation from both groups for equity and fulfilling the unity of opposites.