Kari Kouhia 23.4.2013Waste management planning withregard to cruise tourism                           www.turkuamk.fi
Main subjects are•   What is shipboard waste?•   Situation on the Globe•   How the organisations and companies are govern ...
Main goals are•   Give a picture of shipboard waste management    and its planning•   Show the complexity of waste managem...
Shipboardwaste andpolution types                 Tähän kuva tai kaavio                                         www.turkuam...
In this case these GreenHouse Gases will bemainly outlined as wellas Particulate Matter.                           Tähän k...
Blackwater (sewage), from toilets andurinalsGraywater from laundry facilities,sinks, showers and kitchens      Tähän kuva ...
Ballast WaterWhat is ballast?Ballast is defined as any solid or liquid that isbrought on board a vessel to increase thedra...
Ballast Water has become an environmentalissue because of its ability to transfer speciesof plant and animals around the W...
Solid Wastefor example non-recyclable plastics,recyclable material such as glass, metal,paper, and wood garbages that are ...
Anti-fouling paints are used to coat thebottoms of ships to prevent sealife such asalgae and molluscs attaching themselves...
Anti-foulingThese compounds slowly "leach" into the seawater, killing barnacles and other marine lifethat have attached to...
Anti-foulingOne of the most effective anti-fouling paintscontains the organotin tributylin (TBT), whichhas been proven to ...
Shipboard noiseNoise is problem on board and it will damagesea life as well.                                              ...
In the end the wholeship will be hugepiece of waste!                       www.turkuamk.fi
Situation on the GlobeIncreasing ability of consuming    The Generation of electrisity in Europe was in 2010    four times...
Situation on the Globe  In the aspect of environtment technical  developing, increasing use of energy and  increasing popu...
Globe A•   Globe: Sea Currents•   Perpetual Osean (jatkuva, ikuinen)•   Is the cruise turism going to increase or decrease...
The definition of sustainability from”Ergün”Sustainable(adj)   able to continue over a period of time   causing little or ...
How the organisations and companies are govern thewaste management?                   Waste management instruments are:   ...
How the organisations and companies are govern thewaste management?                   Waste management instruments are:   ...
How the organisations and companies are govern thewaste management?                   Waste management instruments are:   ...
How the organisations and companies are govern thewaste management?                   Character of Waste management instru...
How the waste in managed in the real life?                                             www.turkuamk.fi
Important:•   On Wednesday Carla Sousa Bento will give you some guidelines of payrolls, how much does ship    cost and so ...
The port of Helsinki                       Tähän kuva tai kaavio                                               www.turkuam...
To be solved•   Development is quit slow•   Waste disposal has been discharged into sea thousand of years, attitudes chang...
References•   http://www.imo.org/ourwork/environment/pollutionprevention/garbage/Pages/Default.aspx•   http://www.globalga...
Guidelines how to plan shipboard waste management?                  •   Guidelines how to implement MARPOL ANNEX V is in  ...
Guidelines how to plan shipboard waste management?                  •   The ANNEX 24, INDEX                       o   Garb...
Guidelines how to plan shipboard waste management?                  •   Guidelines how to develope garbage management plan...
Guidelines how to plan shipboard waste management?                  In 2011, IMO adopted amendments to MARPOL Annex V     ...
Guidelines how to plan shipboard waste management?                  In 2011, IMO adopted amendments to MARPOL Annex V     ...
Guidelines how to plan shipboard waste management?                  PREVENTION OF POLLUTION FROM GARBAGE (ANNEX 25)       ...
Guidelines how to plan shipboard waste management?                  Procedures for collecting garbage (ANNEX 25)          ...
Guidelines how to plan shipboard waste management?                  Procedures for processing garbage (ANNEX 25)          ...
Guidelines how to plan shipboard waste management?                  Procedures for processing garbage (ANNEX 25)          ...
Guidelines how to plan shipboard waste management?                  Procedures for processing garbage (ANNEX 25)          ...
Guidelines how to plan shipboard waste management?                  Procedures for storing garbage or reusable or recyclab...
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Waste management planning with regard to cruise tourism turun amk - kouhia-ti-pdf

  1. 1. Kari Kouhia 23.4.2013Waste management planning withregard to cruise tourism www.turkuamk.fi
  2. 2. Main subjects are• What is shipboard waste?• Situation on the Globe• How the organisations and companies are govern the waste management?• Guidelines how to plan shipboard waste management• Example of waste handling in the Port of Helsinki.• References• Regulations, for example ANNEX V,24,25 www.turkuamk.fi
  3. 3. Main goals are• Give a picture of shipboard waste management and its planning• Show the complexity of waste management• Give the knowledge how to approach the subject• Wake environmental awareness www.turkuamk.fi
  4. 4. Shipboardwaste andpolution types Tähän kuva tai kaavio www.turkuamk.fi
  5. 5. In this case these GreenHouse Gases will bemainly outlined as wellas Particulate Matter. Tähän kuva tai kaavio www.turkuamk.fi
  6. 6. Blackwater (sewage), from toilets andurinalsGraywater from laundry facilities,sinks, showers and kitchens Tähän kuva tai kaavioBilgewater is the liquid thataccumulates in low ares of a ship fromleaks and condensation. www.turkuamk.fi
  7. 7. Ballast WaterWhat is ballast?Ballast is defined as any solid or liquid that isbrought on board a vessel to increase thedraft, change the trim, regulate the stability orto maintain stress loads within acceptablelimits.http://www.tc.gc.ca/eng/marinesafety/oep-environment-ballastwater-defined-249.htm www.turkuamk.fi
  8. 8. Ballast Water has become an environmentalissue because of its ability to transfer speciesof plant and animals around the World. www.turkuamk.fi
  9. 9. Solid Wastefor example non-recyclable plastics,recyclable material such as glass, metal,paper, and wood garbages that are hazard tocrew or ship. www.turkuamk.fi
  10. 10. Anti-fouling paints are used to coat thebottoms of ships to prevent sealife such asalgae and molluscs attaching themselves tothe hull – thereby slowing down the ship andincreasing fuel consumption. www.turkuamk.fi
  11. 11. Anti-foulingThese compounds slowly "leach" into the seawater, killing barnacles and other marine lifethat have attached to the ship. But the studieshave shown that these compounds persist inthe water, killing sealife, harming theenvironment. www.turkuamk.fi
  12. 12. Anti-foulingOne of the most effective anti-fouling paintscontains the organotin tributylin (TBT), whichhas been proven to cause deformations inoysters and sex changes in whelks. www.turkuamk.fi
  13. 13. Shipboard noiseNoise is problem on board and it will damagesea life as well. www.turkuamk.fi
  14. 14. In the end the wholeship will be hugepiece of waste! www.turkuamk.fi
  15. 15. Situation on the GlobeIncreasing ability of consuming The Generation of electrisity in Europe was in 2010 four times as large as in 1975. In the same time the population has increased about 10% in Europe. In the World population has increased 75% at same period. Living standard will be multiply in developing countries as it did in Europe. The advancement will propably happed in shorter period of time in developing countries than in Europe because of faster technical implementation. www.turkuamk.fi
  16. 16. Situation on the Globe In the aspect of environtment technical developing, increasing use of energy and increasing population means increasing pressure towards environment. The cruise industry represents only 0.2 percent of all ocean-going vessels worldwide. Reference: http://www.cruisecritic.com/articles.cfm?ID=528 This is situation on the Earth where the cruise turism companies are operating. www.turkuamk.fi
  17. 17. Globe A• Globe: Sea Currents• Perpetual Osean (jatkuva, ikuinen)• Is the cruise turism going to increase or decrease?• Why it is increasing or decreasing? www.turkuamk.fi
  18. 18. The definition of sustainability from”Ergün”Sustainable(adj) able to continue over a period of time causing little or no damage to the environment and therefore able to continue for a long time(Cambridge dictionary)This is our goal. How to get there? www.turkuamk.fi
  19. 19. How the organisations and companies are govern thewaste management? Waste management instruments are: •International treaties as o UNITED NATIONS CONVENTION ON THE LAW OF THE SEA, UNCLOS o International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL) from IMO/UN – the International Maritime Organization •EC Directives as 32000L0059 Directive 2000/59/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 November 2000 on port reception facilities for ship-generated waste and cargo residues - Commission declaration www.turkuamk.fi
  20. 20. How the organisations and companies are govern thewaste management? Waste management instruments are: •Local treaties as The Helsinki Commission, or HELCOM, works to protect the marine environment of the Baltic Sea from all sources of pollution through intergovernmental co-operation between Denmark, Estonia, the European Community, Finland, Germany, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Russia and Sweden. •National laws, for example special areas www.turkuamk.fi
  21. 21. How the organisations and companies are govern thewaste management? Waste management instruments are: •Private associations as John Nurmisen säätiö (foundation) •Certificates as Green Globe Certification from “Bori” •Standards as ISO •Best practicies www.turkuamk.fi
  22. 22. How the organisations and companies are govern thewaste management? Character of Waste management instruments are: •recommendations •guidelines for further directives and laws •laws www.turkuamk.fi
  23. 23. How the waste in managed in the real life? www.turkuamk.fi
  24. 24. Important:• On Wednesday Carla Sousa Bento will give you some guidelines of payrolls, how much does ship cost and so on.• Some remarks from presentation of Susana Garcia who was working on a vessel: o 6/360 fulltime workers for taking care of recycling o Very intensive work and team work, time to time they were working like ”grazy” o Average salary of the workers was quite low o Every one has many tasks o Vessel is sailing about 50 of 52 weeks during the year• What is the conclusion, is there easy money around?! Think that when you are doing your own projects!!• Keep your work consistent, big picture in balance (For example who many percent of the pages is mission, vision, business plan, budget and so on.)• Within these guidelines and remembering the name of IP you consider how much there is sustainability in your work. www.turkuamk.fi
  25. 25. The port of Helsinki Tähän kuva tai kaavio www.turkuamk.fi
  26. 26. To be solved• Development is quit slow• Waste disposal has been discharged into sea thousand of years, attitudes changes slowly• How harmonization of waste management rules? For example waste collection in ports. www.turkuamk.fi
  27. 27. References• http://www.imo.org/ourwork/environment/pollutionprevention/garbage/Pages/Default.aspx• http://www.globalgarbage.org/blog/index.php/2010/10/13/revised-marpol-annex-v-text- approved• http://www.imo.org/KnowledgeCentre/HowAndWhereToFindIMOInformation/IndexofIMOR esolutions/Pages/Marine-Environment-Protection-Committee-%28MEPC%29.aspx• http://www.tc.gc.ca/eng/marinesafety/oep-environment-ballastwater-defined-249.htm• http://www.imo.org/OurWork/Environment/Anti-foulingSystems/Pages/Default.aspx• http://www.un.org/depts/los/convention_agreements/texts/unclos/closindx.htm• http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:32000L0059:EN:HTML• http://greenglobe.com/about/ www.turkuamk.fi
  28. 28. Guidelines how to plan shipboard waste management? • Guidelines how to implement MARPOL ANNEX V is in ANNEX 24 (March 2012) • The ANNEX 24 is so massive (32 pages) that I do not handle it here. I contains among other things table how to handle different kind of shipboard waste and procedure of waste handlind omboard. www.turkuamk.fi
  29. 29. Guidelines how to plan shipboard waste management? • The ANNEX 24, INDEX o Garbage management; o Management of cargo residues of solid bulk cargoes; o Training, education and information; o Port reception facilities for garbage; www.turkuamk.fi
  30. 30. Guidelines how to plan shipboard waste management? • Guidelines how to develope garbage management plans is in ANNEX 25 (March 2012) www.turkuamk.fi
  31. 31. Guidelines how to plan shipboard waste management? In 2011, IMO adopted amendments to MARPOL Annex V which require that: 1.Every ship of 100 gross tonnage and above, and every ship certified to carry 15 or more persons, and fixed or floating platforms shall carry a garbage management plan; 2.every ship of 400 gross tonnage and above, and every ship certified to carry 15 or more persons engaged in voyages to ports or offshore terminals of another Party, and every fixed or floating platform shall be provided with a Garbage Record Book www.turkuamk.fi
  32. 32. Guidelines how to plan shipboard waste management? In 2011, IMO adopted amendments to MARPOL Annex V which require that: 3.every ship of 12 metres or more in length overall, and fixed or floating platforms shall display placards which notify the crew and passengers of the ships disposal requirements of regulations 3, 4, 5 and 6 of the Annex as applicable. These provisions are included in regulation 10 to the revised MARPOL Annex V with an entry into force date of 1 January 2013. www.turkuamk.fi
  33. 33. Guidelines how to plan shipboard waste management? PREVENTION OF POLLUTION FROM GARBAGE (ANNEX 25) 1 reduction at source; 2 reusing or recycling; 3 onboard processing (treatment); 4 discharge into the sea in those limited situations where it is permitted; and 5 discharge to a port reception facility. www.turkuamk.fi
  34. 34. Guidelines how to plan shipboard waste management? Procedures for collecting garbage (ANNEX 25) Describe how garbage is to be handled between primary collection and separation stations and other handling methods relating to the following: 1 needs of reception facilities, taking into account possible local recycling arrangements; 2 onboard processing and potential reuse of garbage aboard the ship; 3 storage; and 4 discharge into the sea in those limited situations where it is permitted. www.turkuamk.fi
  35. 35. Guidelines how to plan shipboard waste management? Procedures for processing garbage (ANNEX 25) 1 Identify personnel responsible for the operation of the processing equipment. 2 Identify available processing devices and their capacities. 3 Identify the locations of processing devices and processing stations. 4 Identify the categories of garbage that are to be processed by each of the available processing devices. 5 Describe how material that can be reused or recycled www.turkuamk.fi
  36. 36. Guidelines how to plan shipboard waste management? Procedures for processing garbage (ANNEX 25) 6 Describe processing procedures used for the following: 1 needs of reception facilities, taking into account available recycling arrangements; 2 storage; and 3 discharge into the sea in those limited situations where it is permitted. www.turkuamk.fi
  37. 37. Guidelines how to plan shipboard waste management? Procedures for processing garbage (ANNEX 25) 7 Describe the training or education programmes to facilitate the processing of garbage and reuse or recycling of material. 8 Identify standard operating procedures for the operation and maintenance of the equipment used to manage garbage. This may be done by reference to documents available on board. www.turkuamk.fi
  38. 38. Guidelines how to plan shipboard waste management? Procedures for storing garbage or reusable or recyclable material (ANNEX 25) Procedures for discharging of garbage (ANNEX 25) www.turkuamk.fi

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