DS RESEARCH QUESTIONS

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DS RESEARCH QUESTIONS

  1. 1. DS RESEARCH QUESTIONS A. How to identifybestentryor leverage pointsfor change inAgricultural LivelihoodSystems, through integratedscience-baseddiagnosisofsocio-economic,gender,political,ecological driversand trendsand resultingconstraints,opportunities, and optionsin context? B. How to promote a transformative environmentthrough innovationmechanisms,processes and capacity that optimallyuse natural, physical, human,financial,social capital to reduce vulnerabilityandsustainably intensifyagriculture? C. How to catalyze developmentat scale through prioritizationof investments,impact assessmentand strategic alliancesbetweenthe CRPs and publicand private sector developmentstakeholders? Main general questionsdrivingthe Dryland systemsresearch I. DiagnosingAgricultural Livelihoodsystemsand identifyingentrypoints 1. How to applyscience –baseddiagnosisof Drylandsystemsconstraints,and opportunitieswithfullaccountof the contextual andhistorical trendsof the ecological, social , economicandpolitical factors II. Transforming through innovationmechanisms/processes 1. How to buildthe capacityof menand womenfarmersandlivestockkeepersindryareasto innovate forimprovingtheirlivelihoods 2. How to combine the limitednatural resourceswithpolicyandintuitional supportto optimallyusestheseresourcesandreduce the vulnerabilitytowaterscarcityindry areas 3. How to combine natural resourceswithmarketopportunitiestosustainablyintensityand increase farmincome inthe more favorable dryareas III. Catalyzingdevelopmentat scale 1. How to applyscience inassessingthe scalabilityandmeasuringthe potential impactsof innovationsatscale forsupportingdecision-makingindevelopmentinvestment 2. How to developeffective andstrategicallianceswithdevelopmentcommunity(national governmentsandinternationaldevelopmentinvestors) andsecure longtermjoint commitmenttoout-scale provenresearchoutputstolargernumberbeneficiaries. DiagnosingALS and identifyingentrypoints 1. How to implementdiagnosticanalysiswithall partners
  2. 2. 2. How can the differentinter-relatedfactorsandincentivescontributingtoecological,economic, social resilience indrylandsystemscontribute tosustainable livelihoodoptions? 3. What the alternative optionstoimprove systemperformanceandwhatpolicyinstrumentsare needtooperationalize thesealternatives? 4. Withinthe actionsiteshowdowe most effectively prioritizeinvestmentsindrylands developmenttoaddressdiverse,nestedconstraintsandopportunities 5. Once an investmentismade whatare the keyconstraints/incentivestochanging/optimizingthe drylandsystems (systemanalysis) 6. What re the potential consequencesof removingthose constraints? a. Socio-economicandbio-physical b. Actionsite level c. ALS andinterrelations 7. How to use emergingsocial,technological trendsinaddressingdrylandsystems (constraints, trends,context,options) 8. Farmerincome/well-being:howcanthe drylandsystemincrease of secure farmincome and otherassetsso that farmersare betterpositionedtoimprove theirlivelihoods(health, education, nutrition,shelteretc) Transfer examplesthroughinnovation mechanisms/processes(adaptation,PTD) 1. How to developtechnical,social,economic,institutions,innovationstoincrease resilience to ecological andeconomicneedshocksand diversify/improve livelihoodsandequitable benefits 2. How to transformcurrentdrylandagricultural livelihood systems intomore resilientand productive andsustainablesystem 3. How to bringinnovationstomake drylandsystemsmore resilienttodroughtandclimate change 4. How can agricultural researchfordevelopment(AR4D) indrylandsystemsreverse trendsof natural resource degradationwhileimprovinglivelihoods 5. Withinactionsites – howdo we effectivelyincorporatelocal knowledge andperspectiveswith global scientificapproachedandpolicy 6. How to improve watermanagementinthe contextof drylandsystems 7. How to influence policytoimprove efficiencyof ALSinthe drylands 8. Why isagriculture increasinglynotattractive tothe rural youth?How to provide optionsand incentivestoattractthem? 9. Natural resource management:consideringIDOsof intensificationandresilienceenhancement howto achieve sustainable andequitable use of natural resourcesconsideringsocial andgender inequity,resource limitationandoverutilizationasdriversof change andoptionsto change for the thoroughinnovationandanenablingenvironment Catalyzingdevelopmentat scale 1. How to assessscalabilityof technological processesacrosscountries 2. What isthe extrapolationforscalingoutof an intervention(scenarioanalysis)
  3. 3. 3. Agree impactisaimedat (who,where,when) 4. Withinthe actionsites: howdowe nurture the emergence of global relevantoutcomesfrom place basedresearch? 5. How to measure andquantifythe impactof a systemresearchincludingpotential trade offs 6. Withinthe actionsites:howdowe effectivelyworkacrosspublicandprivate sectorstospeed up innovationsandscale outbenefits? 7. Adoption:howdowe promote adoptionwhile takingalivelihoodperspective and understandingfarmerdecisionmakingregardingadoption,capturingfarmerperspectives includingbenefits,synergies,constraints,tradeoffsandrisks –usinga multiple constraint approach inproblemsolving 8. How to promote adoptionwithinlivelihoodscontext 9. How to analyze systemsinthe contextof dryland

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