Platform introducing ds research programm


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Platform introducing ds research programm

  1. 1. Introduction to the CGIAR- Dryland Agriculture & Livelihood System Research Program in South Asia Amare Haileslassie /Platform/Jodhpur/14/06/13) Photo : Amare Haileslassie ICRISAT/ILRI
  2. 2. Outline
  3. 3. What is new? Dryland System Research: A new approach
  4. 4. Global and regional focus areas >3 billion ha; 41% of land surface, 2.5 billion people LGP: <90; 90_180 days Major systems are: —Mixed rain fed —Mixed dryland and Irrigated areas —Pastoral, Agro- pastoral Global importance
  5. 5. Global and regional focus areas Regional CGIAR_PROGRAM focus areas
  6. 6. Global and regional focus areas CGIAR_PROGRAM focus areas in South Asia
  7. 7. Challenges and opportunities Structure of agricultural systems in vulnerable areas Feed Food , services, + Grasslands HouseholdsLivestock Crop land External inputs Feed Manure Food,+
  8. 8. Challenges and opportunities Biomass demand supply relations
  9. 9. Challenges and opportunities Change in demand side and its consequences
  10. 10. Challenges and opportunities The supply side is constrained by resources scarcity Examples of trend in number of operational land holding ( Jodhpur, Barmer)
  11. 11. Challenges and opportunities Yield instability as indicated by CV Examples of trend in yield ( Jodhpur)
  12. 12. Challenges and opportunities Nutrient and water mining Water and nutrient stock mining are major environmental problems; Micro nutrient become issues of concern; The impact in mixed crop livestock system is beyond grain yield; This may feedback to the enabling resources and limits options for intensification.
  13. 13. Challenges and opportunities Good news! Huge yield gap in many parts [milk and grain (e.g. ICRISAT work)] Drylands are mainly under mixed crop livestock: future major supply of grain and livestock products How can we reap these sustainably and where should our focus ?
  14. 14. Impacts, outcome, outputs and activities Dryland System Program want to impact on food security and sustainable agro-ecosystems 1) More resilient livelihoods for vulnerable households in marginal areas. 2) More stable and higher per capita income for intensifiable households. 3) Women and children in vulnerable households have year round access to greater quantity and diversity of food sources. 4) More sustainable and equitable management of land and water resources in pastoral, agro-pastoral and agricultural areas. 5) Better functioning markets underpinning intensification of rural livelihoods. 6) More integrated, effective and connected service delivery institutions underpinning resilience and system intensification. 7) Policy reform removing constraints and creating incentives for rural households
  15. 15. Impacts, outcome, outputs and activities Impact More stable and higher per capita income for intensifiable households Outputs • Improved intensifica on op ons (components, interac ons and their management; informa on on investment costs, returns and risk; risk mi ga on) • Tools, methods, processes and capacity of NARES1 to create and customise improved intensifica on op ons to local circumstances across scaling domains Outcome NARES1 use tools, methods and processes to generate and customise improved intensifica on op ons for targeted groups of intesifiable households Indicators Increase: i)absolute increase, ii)% increase, iii) % of hh above poverty threshold Stability: iv)variance in per capita annual income (nine year rolling); v)trend in iii Use of outputs: number and size of organisa ons using them and their areal and popula on domains; propor on of sector in targeted areas this represents Customisedop ons: number of op ons and number of hh targeted Examples of from IDO-2
  16. 16. Impacts, outcome, outputs and activities Examples of from IDO-4 Impact More sustainable and equitable management of land and water resources in pastoral and agropastoral areas Outputs • Technologies, tools, methods, processes and approaches developed and tested for evidence based ecosystem management • Focus on nego a on support (amongst stakeholders) and governance models Outcome Mul ple stakeholders in pastoral / agropastoral areas, use evidence based ecosystem management, at community level in the governance of common and privately managed land and water resources Indicators Area:i)ha and propor on of target area under governance arrangements mee ng equity standards set a priori People: ii)number of people and propor on of target popula on encompassed by land area in i) Useof outputs:number and size of communi es adop ng evidence based governance models developed by DS Effect:trends in NVDI over me for areas under and outside new governance models
  17. 17. Impacts, outcome, outputs and activities Examples of from IDO-7 Impact Removal of constraints and incen ves lead to rural households engaging in more sustainable prac ces that increase resilience and intensify produc on Outputs – Analysis of policy and ins tu onal barriers to adop on of sustainable intensifica on op ons – Quan fied impact of effec veness of policy alterna ves – Policy briefs providing evidence targe ng key fora for policy change Outcome Policy makers reform and ins tu ons implement policies that remove constraints to, and improve incen ves for, ra onal management of natural resources Indicators Effect: numbers and propor ons (within target areas) of rural households adop ng more sustainable prac ces Policy: documented change in policies and the number and propor ons of people and area poten ally affected Implementa on: assessment of policy implementa on
  18. 18. Impacts, outcome, outputs and activities How we want to do it? Initial matrix of intensification and resilience options and the context in which they work Influence development projects so that sufficient intensification options are offered Participatory monitoring and evaluation of systems for performances of options Interpretation of performances to refine matrixes of option and characterization Characterize variation in context across scale Simple to use tools to match options to sites and circumstances across scale of domain
  19. 19. Thanks for your attention