Ressourcenbasiertes Lernen in der Hochschule: Technologische Unterstützung und Fragen der Integration

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Ressourcenbasiertes Lernen in der Hochschule: Technologische Unterstützung und Fragen der Integration

  1. 1. Ressourcenbasiertes Lernen in der Hochschule: Technologische Unterstützung und Fragen der Integration .html .pdf .html .html httc – .html Hessian Telemedia Technology Competence-Center e.V - www.httc.de .avi .ppt .html .html KOM - Multimedia Communications Lab .html .html Prof. Dr.-Ing. Ralf Steinmetz (director) Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Information Technology Dept. of Computer Science (adjunct professor) TUD – Technische Universität Darmstadt Dr.-Ing. Christoph Rensing Merckstr. 25, D-64283 Darmstadt, Germany Tel. +49 6151 16 6888 Tel.+49 6151 166150, Fax. +49 6151 166152 Christoph.Rensing@KOM.tu-darmstadt.de www.KOM.tu-darmstadt.de GI_PerU_090929 September 8, 2010 © author(s) of these slides 2009 including research results of the research network KOM and TU Darmstadt otherwise as specified at the respective slide
  2. 2. Outline  Resource based Learning  Concept for Management of Web 2.0 Resources and Learning Services and Implementation  Goalmanagement in Self-Regulated Learning as Part of ELWMS  Integration of RBL support in existing systems for Technology enhanced Learning and support of collaborative management KOM – Multimedia Communications Lab 2
  3. 3. Resource based Learning (RBL) Resource based Learning is „ein Sich-verfügbar-machen von Informationen und Wissensbeständen bei aktuellen Problemen“. [Meder, N. et.al.: Web-Didaktik] In the World Wide Web (esp. Web 2.0) there are a lot of resources which can be used for learning. Static News Pages Link- Collections Weblogs Private Picture FAQs Docs Chats portals Discussion Wikis Boards Videoportals Slideportals September 8, 2010 KOM – Multimedia Communications Lab 3
  4. 4. Common Challenges of Resource-Based Learning – Learner Perspective Structural Disorientation  „lost in hyperspace“ Conceptual Disorientation  Integration of new information in existing knowledge structure is missed Cognitive Extra Load  = Any load beyond reading  Finding of information  Organization of found information  … September 8, 2010 KOM – Multimedia Communications Lab 4
  5. 5. Challenges of Resource-Based Learning using Web Resources Paradigms of RBL applied to learning with web resources rise many challenges:  Huge variety and quantity of possibly relevant resources  Finding relevant / authoritative / trusted resources is no easy task  Not explicitly intended for learning – different audiences  All relevant information is not necessarily in one place  How to store web resources efficiently in order to find them again KOM – Multimedia Communications Lab 5
  6. 6. Support of Resource based Learning Social Bookmarking Expertensearch Searchengines Blogs (Del.icio.us,…) (Xing,…) (Google,…) (RSS,…) Linklists Electronic Define Strategy (Yahoo,…) Communikation for Search Search (E-Mail,…) Share Rating Systems (StumbleUpon,…) Use Select Editors (Wikis, Excel, Word,...) Ranking Classificate (Pagerank,…) Annotate Persist Online- Annotation-Tools Browser (Diigo,…) Plugins Save as Tagg (Flickr, (Scrapbook,…) (Harddisk,…) Del.icio.us,…) KOM – Multimedia Communications Lab 6
  7. 7. Knowledge Management Phases Generation of Communication Knowledge of Knowledge Artefacts Artefacts Organisation/ Representation of Knowledge Usage of Serach for Artefacts Knowledge Knowledge Artefacts Artefacts Identification of Knowledge Artefacts [TERGAN, S.-O.: Digital Concept Maps for Managing Knowledge and Information] September 8, 2010 KOM – Multimedia Communications Lab 7
  8. 8. Common Challenges of Resource-Based Learning - Institutional perspective Institution forms Learning Environment  informal learning Teacher /  self organized learning Instructor  no/low influence  new roles Students Self Organized Learning Environment Resources Community Individual September 8, 2010 KOM – Multimedia Communications Lab 8
  9. 9. Common Challenges of Resource-Based Learning – Institutional Perspective  Instruction oriented learning and Collaborative Learning Instruction oriented Learning Collaborative learning supported by Learning Finiding Grouping Presentation Management Systems Sharing Communication Lecture  Resource based Learning not supported Collaboration Presentation Exercise Laboratory Content Presentation Test Resource-Based Learning Define Strategy Share for Search Search Administration LMS Communication Use Select Test items and Classificate Evaluation Annotate Exercises Source: P. Baumgartner 2002 Persist September 8, 2010 KOM – Multimedia Communications Lab 9
  10. 10. Outline  Resource based Learning  Concept for Management of Web 2.0 Resources and Learning Services and Implementation  Goalmanagement in Self-Regulated Learning as Part of ELWMS  Integration of RBL support in existing systems for Technology enhanced Learning and support of collaborative management KOM – Multimedia Communications Lab 10
  11. 11. Support of Resource based Learning Social Bookmarking Expertensearch Searchengines Blogs (Del.icio.us,…) (Google,…) (Xing,…) (RSS,…) Linklists Electronic Define Strategy (Yahoo,…) Communikation for Search (E-Mail,…) Share Search Rating Systems (StumbleUpon,…) Learn Bag Use Select Editors (Wikis, Excel, Word,...) Ranking (Pagerank,…) Annotate Classificate Online- Persist Annotation-Tools Browser (Diigo,…) Plugins Save as Tagg (Flickr, (Scrapbook,…) (Harddisk,…) Del.icio.us,…) KOM – Multimedia Communications Lab 11
  12. 12. Concept Legend Whole page vs. fragment Resource Annotation .htm .htm Tag .html .htm .html Person .htm .htm Event .html .htm Location .htm .htm Community 1 Annotation Feedback 2 Tagging & typed Tagging 3 Sharing KOM – Multimedia Communications Lab 12
  13. 13. Schema / Ontologie Ding erweitert ID Benutzer Name verwaltet Anzeigename Login Passwort verknüpft mit Erweiterung Ressource Tag Beschreibung Benutzerdefinierte Attribute URL Screenshot Thema Erstellt am Erstellt am Zuletzt bearbeitet am Zuletzt bearbeitet am verknüpft mit Ort Erstellt am Zuletzt bearbeitet am verknüpft mit Person Erstellt am Zuletzt bearbeitet am Ereignis Erstellt am Zuletzt bearbeitet am Sonstiges Erstellt am Zuletzt bearbeitet am KOM – Multimedia Communications Lab 13
  14. 14. Tool Overview – Firefox Plugin KOM – Multimedia Communications Lab 14
  15. 15. Persist KOM – Multimedia Communications Lab 15
  16. 16. Classificate / annotate KOM – Multimedia Communications Lab 16
  17. 17. Search / Use / Share KOM – Multimedia Communications Lab 17
  18. 18. Outline  Resource based Learning  Concept for Management of Web 2.0 Resources and Learning Services and Implementation  Goalmanagement in Self-Regulated Learning as Part of ELWMS  Integration of RBL support in existing systems for Technology enhanced Learning and support of collaborative management KOM – Multimedia Communications Lab 18
  19. 19. Self-Regulated Learning Resource based Learning is a kind of Self Regulated Learning Self Regulated Learning (SRL) focuses acquisition of knowledge as an active self- directed process [Schmitz02] towards efficiency and effectivity of learning Competencies „how to learn individually“ are crucial Individual responsibility and selfmonitoring Pre-actional Actional Post-actional goal setting application of reflection strategy planning goal self- modification monitoring modification control of strategy volition KOM – Multimedia Communications Lab 19
  20. 20. Scaffolds Self-regulated Learning is not easy and has to be trained and supported. In e-Learning  Scaffolds „Scaffolds are software tools that support learners to regulate cognitive, metacognitive and motivational processes before, during and after learning actions. Due to this support quality of learning processes and outcome increases.“ [SBM+07] Example: Scenario „Goal Setting“ Goal setting is a crucial aspect of self-regulating  meta-cognitive scaffold Positive effects of goal setting on personal learning processes and outcomes have already been proven [Schmitz02] KOM – Multimedia Communications Lab 20
  21. 21. Extended Concept – Goal Setting Legend Whole page vs. fragment Resource Learning goal .htm .htm Annotation .html .htm .html Tag .htm .htm Person .html .htm Event .htm .htm Location Community Feedback KOM – Multimedia Communications Lab 21
  22. 22. Goal Setting Tool – Browser Integration Create goal Assign resources (title, description) Relevance of resources Progress of goals KOM – Multimedia Communications Lab 22
  23. 23. Reflection view Contains Knowledge Artifacts organized into learning goals September 8, 2010 KOM – Multimedia Communications Lab 23
  24. 24. Knowledge Network View Displays Structure of Goals and Knowledge Artifacts as a Knowledge Network KOM – Multimedia Communications Lab 24
  25. 25. Support of metacognitive processes Pre-actional Phase Identification of Goal Setting Information Demand Formulation of Search Strategy Planning Actional Phase Searching Relevance Check Regulation Monitoring Comparision: Is the Information Modification Demand accomodated? Post-actional Phase Information Demand Reflection is accomodated Schmitz, 2006 [1] KOM – Multimedia Communications Lab 25
  26. 26. Metacognitive Prompts Processes take place subconsciously  Goals are set non explicit  Theory of self-regulated learning: Awareness about Processes can be valuable metacognitive Prompts Request to perform metacognitive Processes  „Plan your Action and set specific Learning Goals!”  „Proof whether Information Demand is accomodated!“  „Reflect the Process and think about, whethere you could improve the Process next time” KOM – Multimedia Communications Lab 26
  27. 27. Outline  Resource based Learning  Concept for Management of Web 2.0 Resources and Learning Services and Implementation  Goalmanagement in Self-Regulated Learning as Part of ELWMS & first Evaluation Results  Integration of RBL support in existing systems for Technology enhanced Learning and support of collaborative management KOM – Multimedia Communications Lab 27
  28. 28. Combination of learning formats Collaborative Learning Instruction oriented Resource-Based Learning Learning Finiding Grouping Define Strategy Presentation for Search Search Share Sharing Communication Lecture Use Select Collaboration Presentation Exercise Annotate Classificate Laboratory Persist Test KOM – Multimedia Communications Lab 28
  29. 29. Integration of „traditional“ resources and institutions in resources- and community net Protocol Paul Berlin Internet WBT TCP/IP pdf Max Didactics Workshop html Internet Joe Symposium ppt Wiki E-Learning Blog E-Learning Rom html Web 2.0 Video KOM – Multimedia Communications Lab 29
  30. 30. Crokodil - Project Integration Frontend LMS Portal & Navigation Controller Wissensnetz – Web Service API Service Feed / Service Mashup Human Resource Recommender Recommender Community Platforms Backend Adapter Widgets Resources- and Community Net Berlin Protocol Paul Internet TCP/IP WBT pdf Max Didactics Workshop html Internet Joe Symposium Wiki ppt Blog E-Learning E-Learning Rom Web 2.0 html Video KOM – Multimedia Communications Lab 30
  31. 31. Collaborative Management Mapping of individual Knowledge Networks Several Learners with individual Knowledge Networks Concepts (typed Tags) exists multiple  Resources are tagged multiple  „Knowledge Islands“ can exist similar ? identical ? KOM – Multimedia Communications Lab 31
  32. 32. Advantages of Mapping Suggestions during tagging References about new or updated resources (Subscription) Recommendation of similar resources Recommendation of peer-learner with similar topics or goals (independent of notation: E-Learning vs. Technology Enhanced Learning) Filtering of collaborative knowledge networks Similar concepts are merged for better usability during browsing KOM – Multimedia Communications Lab 32
  33. 33. Different views for personal access Bookshelf 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Kalender Writing Desk Calendar KOM – Multimedia Communications Lab 33
  34. 34. Publications [SBB+09] Philipp Scholl, Bastian F. Benz, Doreen Böhnstedt, Christoph Rensing, Bernhard Schmitz, Ralf Steinmetz: Implementation and Evaluation of a Tool for Setting Goals in Self-Regulated Learning with Web Resources. In: Ulrike Cress, Vania Dimitrova, Marcus Specht: Learning in the Synergy of Multiple Disciplines, EC- TEL 2009, vol. LNCS Vol 5794, October 2009. [BSRS09] Doreen Böhnstedt, Philipp Scholl, Christoph Rensing, Ralf Steinmetz: Modeling Personal Knowledge Networks to Support Resource Based Learning. In: Klaus Tochtermann, Hermann Maurer: Proceedings of 9th International Conference on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Technologies (I-KNOW'09), p. 309-316, Verlag der Technischen Universität Graz, Austria, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Malaysia, and Know-Center, Austria, September 2009. [DBS+09-2] Renato Domínguez García, Doreen Böhnstedt, Philipp Scholl, Christoph Rensing, Ralf Steinmetz: Von Tags zu semantischen Netzen - Einsatz im Ressourcen-basierten Lernen. In: Andreas Schwill, Nicolas Apostopoulos: Lernen im digitalen Zeitalter - Workshop-Band - Dokumentation der Pre-Conference zur DeLFI 2009, p. 29-36, Logos, September 2009. [BSR+09] Doreen Böhnstedt, Philipp Scholl, Christoph Rensing, Ralf Steinmetz: Collaborative Semantic Tagging of Web Resources on the Basis of Individual Knowledge Networks. In: Houben, G.-J.; McCalla, G.; Pianesi, F.; Zancanaro, M.: Proceedings of First and Seventeenth International Conference on User Modeling, Adaptation, and Personalization UMAP 2009, vol. Lecture Notes in Computer Science , no. Vol. 5535, p. 379-384, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009, June 2009. [BSB+08] Doreen Böhnstedt, Philipp Scholl, Bastian Benz, Christoph Rensing, Ralf Steinmetz, Bernhard Schmitz: Einsatz persönlicher Wissensnetze im Ressourcen-basierten Lernen. In: Silke Seehusen, Ulrike Lucke, Stefan Fischer: DeLFI 2008: 6. e-Learning Fachtagung Informatik, no. P-132, p. 113--124, Lecture Notes in Informatics (LNI), September 2008. [SBB+08] Philipp Scholl, Bastian Benz, Doreen Böhnstedt, Christoph Rensing, Ralf Steinmetz, Bernhard Schmitz: Einsatz und Evaluation eines Zielmanagement-Werkzeugs bei der selbstregulierten Internet-Recherche. In: Silke Seehusen, Ulrike Lucke, Stefan Fischer: DeLFI 2008: 6. e-Learning Fachtagung Informatik, no. P-132, p. 125--136, Lecture Notes in Informatics (LNI), September 2008. [MSRS07] Doreen Mann, Philipp Scholl, Christoph Rensing, Ralf Steinmetz: Interaktive, Community-unterstützte Wissensnetze für persönliches Wissensmanagement in Ressourcen-basierten Lernkontexten. In: Christoph Rensing, Guido Rößling: Proceedings der Pre-Conference Workshops der 5. e-Learning Fachtagung Informatik - DeLFI 2007, p. 35--42, Logos Verlag, September 2007. KOM – Multimedia Communications Lab 34
  35. 35. KOM – Multimedia Communications Lab 35

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