Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Stuttering Or Stammering


Published on

Presentación de la Monografía de Inglés.

Published in: Education, Health & Medicine
  • Be the first to comment

Stuttering Or Stammering

  1. 1. Good Morning
  2. 2. By: Christian Naranjo
  3. 3. The stuttering is: “A speech disorder in which the flow of speech is interrupted by involuntary repetitions and prolongations of sounds, syllables, words or phrases, and involuntary silent pauses or blocks in which the stutterer is unable to produce sounds.” Wikipedia A. Generalities:
  4. 4. Interruptions Muscular tension in face Muscular tension in neck Fear Stress
  5. 5. Stutterer Gabbler Not the same <ul><li>Expresses his thought in a correct . </li></ul><ul><li>The problem is the speed. </li></ul><ul><li>Does not have conscience of his problem </li></ul><ul><li>An increased gabbler. </li></ul><ul><li>The stutterer is conscious of his problem. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Stuttering
  7. 7. AGES Stuttering appears Confused with the difficulties to talk in those ages 1 of 20 children become a stutterer Overcome the problem in youth
  8. 14. <ul><li>Also known as “speak more fluently” or prolonged speech. </li></ul><ul><li>It trains stutterers to speak more fluently. </li></ul><ul><li>Controlling: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Breathing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Phonation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Articulation </li></ul></ul>
  9. 15. <ul><li>How not to do Fluency shaping therapy: </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;I&quot; <long pause> &quot;am&quot; <long pause> &quot;an&quot; <long pause> &quot;American.“ </li></ul><ul><li>How to do Fluency shaping therapy: </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;IIIIIIIIIIaaaaaaammmaaaaaaannnAAAAAAAmmmeeeeeeerrriiiiiiiiiikaaaaaaannn.&quot; </li></ul>
  10. 16. <ul><li>The objective is not to eliminate the stuttering but to modify it. </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce fear and anxiety. </li></ul><ul><li>Intentionally stuttering to comprehend in what specific situation you stutter more. </li></ul>
  11. 17. <ul><li>Altered auditory feedback. </li></ul><ul><li>This effect can be produced by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Speaking in chorus. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Covering unwanted sounds . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Delaying the stutterer's voice slightly. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Altering the frequency of the feedback (Changing the pitch) </li></ul></ul>
  12. 18. <ul><li>Physical problems: </li></ul><ul><li>Speech problems </li></ul><ul><li>Muscle tension </li></ul><ul><li>Psychological problems: </li></ul><ul><li>-Negative emotions </li></ul><ul><li>Embarrassment </li></ul><ul><li>Frustration </li></ul><ul><li>Shame </li></ul>
  13. 20. <ul><li>Avoid making comments such as: &quot;speak more slowly&quot;, &quot;do not get nervous“ and so on. </li></ul><ul><li>Never “help” the stutterer completing his phrases. </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain the eye contact. </li></ul><ul><li>Try to transmit that the important thing is what he says and not how he says it. </li></ul><ul><li>When the stutterer overcomes the block, do not say phrases like: &quot;You did well“. </li></ul>
  14. 21. A. Personal Opinion: <ul><li>A stutterer is not less than us. </li></ul><ul><li>He is a person with the same abilities and opportunities as us. </li></ul><ul><li>We have to help them. </li></ul><ul><li>We have to practice the tips that we learnt before. </li></ul>
  15. 22. B. Recommendations: <ul><li>Not to give up. </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid feeling anxiety or stress. </li></ul><ul><li>Not paying too much attention to his failures. </li></ul><ul><li>Go to a specialist. </li></ul>
  16. 23. B. Recommendations: <ul><li>Practicing all the “tips” that we talked about </li></ul><ul><li>Be patient and comprehensive. </li></ul><ul><li>Try to feel what he feels. </li></ul>
  17. 24. Poll
  18. 25. Gender Yes No Female 4 1 Male 4 0 Total 8 1
  19. 26. Gender Yes No Female 2 3 Male 3 1 Total 5 4
  20. 27. Gender Yes No Female 3 2 Male 4 0 Total 7 2
  21. 28. Thank you for your attention