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Platts & ERTC presentation


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Platts & ERTC presentation

  1. 1. Direct Production of Gasoline and Diesel from Biomass using Catalytic Hydropyrolysis or Integrated Hydropyrolysis and Hydroconversion (IH2) Celeste McLeod, Alan Del Paggio, Lawrence Kraus CRI Catalyst Company, Houston, Texas, United States Terry Marker, Larry Felix, Martin Linck, Michael Roberts Gas Technology Institute, Des Plaines, Illinois, United States11/15/2011 1
  2. 2. DisclaimerThe information contained in this material is intended to be general in natureand must not be relied on as specific advice in connection with any decisionsyou may make. None of CRI/Criterion Inc or any of its affiliated companies areliable for any action you may take as a result of you relying on such material orfor any loss or damage suffered by you as a result of you taking this action.Furthermore, these materials do not in any way constitute an offer to providespecific products or services. Some products or services may not be availablein certain countries or political subdivisions thereof.11/15/2011 2
  3. 3. Points Covered• IH2 – A path to “drop in” cellulosic hydrocarbon fuels & blend stocks• Economic value derived from integration with existing operations11/15/2011 3
  4. 4. IH2 Design Principles• Produce fungible cellulosic hydrocarbon fuel/blend stock from a broad range of inedible/residual biomass feed at low cost• Requires no infrastructure other than road/rail transport into and out of the production site• Have minimal unsustainable impact on the surrounding environment11/15/2011 4
  5. 5. IH2 Design Elements• Feed Conditioning Unit: – Sized, mixed and dried to moisture contents between 10-45wt%• Hydropyrolysis Reactor (bubbling fluidized bed) – Biomass meets catalyst and H2 at ~400C to remove >90% oxygen• Hydrogen Manufacturing Unit (HMU) – Converts C3- gases to renewable H2 sufficient to meet all requirements• Hydroconversion Reactor (low pressure fixed bed HT) – 1st stage product „polished‟ over a second catalyst system11/15/2011 5
  6. 6. IH2 Advantages & Eleven Key DifferentiatorsAdvantages Green CO2Stand Alone or Synergistic Operation Light Gases 3) Renewable H2Feedstock Flexible Wood/Forest Hi Press Residue SteamDifferentiators HDO‟d LiquidExothermic Ag Residue CellulosicLow Capital (low pressure, low TAN, simple) Hydrocarbon ProductLow Operating costs Gasoline, Jet and DieselHydrocarbon Yields 80-160 gal/ton MAF Garbage (MSW) 2) Bubbling Fluidized Bed Proprietary Catalyst 4) Fixed Bed Hydrotreater RangeSelf-sufficient internal “green” H2 Renewable H2 Proprietary Catalyst Hot Water Hydrocarbon 340-470C Renewable H2 >90% Green House Gas reduction <500psig <500psig Energy Crops Eases logistical constraints (H2)High BTU HC (blend stock & ‘drop in’) N/S stream for FertilizerReplaces ‘whole barrel’ gas/jet/diesel AlgaeFungible in Fuel Pool Hydropyrolysis HydroconversionAttractive economics Char (burn)Integrating existing technologies 1) Feed Conditioning Sizing , Drying & FeedingRapid implementation 11/15/2011 6
  7. 7. IH2 Raw Liquid Products Hydrocarbon Hydrocarbon Water Water Wood Lemna 1stStage CRI-4211 CRI-4221 2nd Stage CRI-4212 CRI-421211/15/2011 7
  8. 8. IH2 Liquid Yields and Feedstock Flexibility Wood PetroAlgae Aquaflow Bagasse Blue Marble Corn Stover Lemna Micro Algae Macro Algae Feed wt % C 49.7 46.3 43.1 43.1 34.0 40.2 Feed wt % H 5.8 5.8 6.1 5.0 4.43 5.0 Feed wt % O 43.9 35.7 20.4 35.3 23.6 35.7 Feed wt % N 0.11 3.7 6.5 0.34 4.6 1.0 Feed wt % S 0.03 0.3 0.7 0.10 1.9 0.05 Feed wt % Ash 0.5 8.2 23.1 16.2 29.4 18.1 Feed H/C 1.40 1.50 1.70 1.39 1.56 1.49 Typical % C4 + 28 30 46 30 35 21 Liquid Yield (MAF) C4+ Gallon/Ton 92 100 157 100 119 67 MAF Wt % Oxygen* <1 <1 <1 <1 <1 <1 TAN # <0.05 <0.05 <0.5 <0.05 <0.05 <0.0511/15/2011 8
  9. 9. IH2 Operating Modes• Full Stand Alone• Economically Integrated – Pulp & Paper / Forest Products – 1st Generation Ethanol – Algae – Refining – (Municipal Solid Waste)11/15/2011 9
  10. 10. IH2 Synergy - Pulp & Paper / Forest Products Green CO2 Light Gases 3) Renewable H2Consumes various feeds Wood/Forest Residue Hi Press slash Steam round wood HDO‟d Liquid chips Ag Residue saw dust Cellulosic Hydrocarbon mill sludges Product Gasoline, Jet mixed feeds Garbage (MSW) 2) Bubbling Fluidized Bed 4) Fixed Bed and Diesel Proprietary Catalyst Hydrotreater Range Renewable H2 Proprietary Catalyst Hydrocarbon Hot WaterImproved site margins 340-470C <500psig Renewable H2 <500psig conversion of low cost feeds Energy Crops land fill/other cost avoidance N/S stream for Fertilizer export HP steam to mill Algae liquid hydrocarbon for sale or use Hydropyrolysis Hydroconversion Char (burn) 1) Feed Conditioning Sizing , Drying & Feeding 11/15/2011 10
  11. 11. IH2 Synergy - Ethanol Plants Green CO2Consumes cellulosic residues bagasse Light Gases 3) Renewable H2 stover Wood/Forest Hi Press Residue mixed feeds Steam HDO‟d LiquidImproved site margins Ag Residue Cellulosic conversion of low cost feeds Hydrocarbon Product higher value use of cellulose Gasoline, Jet export steam offsets use of cellulose Garbage (MSW) 2) Bubbling Fluidized Bed Proprietary Catalyst 4) Fixed Bed Hydrotreater and Diesel Range prevent market surplus DDGS Renewable H2 Proprietary Catalyst Hot Water Hydrocarbon 340-470C Renewable H2 provides liquid fertilizer for use <500psig <500psig Energy Crops cellulosic hydrocarbon for sale or use N/S stream for FertilizerReduces site average C.I. of alcohol made Algae Hydropyrolysis Hydroconversion Corn ethanol averages 19% reduction Char (burn) Cane ethanol averages 78% reduction 1) Feed Conditioning Sizing , Drying & Feeding IH2 derived fuels have ~93% reduction* 11/15/2011 11
  12. 12. IH2 Synergy - Multiple Algae Scenarios Green CO2Consume post extractive residue Light Gases 3) Renewable H2 protein extraction (food & fuel) Wood/Forest Residue Hi Press lipid extraction (energy crop) Steam HDO‟d LiquidConsume whole algae Ag Residue Cellulosic Useful for remediation Hydrocarbon Product Useful to simplify process for fuel Gasoline, Jet with mixed cellulosic/wood feeds Garbage (MSW) 2) Bubbling Fluidized Bed 4) Fixed Bed and Diesel Range Proprietary Catalyst Hydrotreater Renewable H2 Proprietary Catalyst Hydrocarbon 340-470C Renewable H2 Hot WaterImproved site margins <500psig <500psig conversion of low cost feeds Energy Crops export HP steam N/S stream for Fertilizer re-use of CO2/liquid fertilizer Algae use of low grade heat to ponds Hydropyrolysis Hydroconversion liquid hydrocarbon for sale or use Char (burn) 1) Feed Conditioning Sizing , Drying & Feeding 11/15/2011 12
  13. 13. IH2 Synergy - Refining Option 1: Full Standalone Location Flexibility, Minimum Environmental Impact Maximum GHG reduction Lowest CI product Highest Capital Cost Option 2: Integrated with Refinery HT Minimum Environmental Impact Lowest CI product Maximum GHG reduction Lower Capital Cost Option 3 Integrated with Refinery H2 Higher Environmental Impact Reduced GHG reduction Higher CI product Lowest Cost Capital 25-30% lower than base case 11/15/2011 13
  14. 14. IH2 Integrated w/ Refinery Capex/Opex Advantaged • Stand Alone – NREL Minimum Selling Price (MSP) $1.60/gal (2007 USD) – Green field economics – 2000 t/d wood based process • Refinery Synergy – Use existing hydrotreater • Reduces Capital Cost ~3.3MM$ • Estimated MSP $1.59/gal (2007 USD) – Use existing hydrotreater & Refinery H2 • Reduces Capital Cost ~47.4MM$ • Estimated MSP $1.36/gal (2007 USD) • NREL Economics Validated by major American Engineering Company 11/15/2011 14
  15. 15. IH2 Conclusions• IH2 uses virtually any (ligno)cellulosic biomass to produce hydrocarbon fuels/blend stock at low cost• IH2 offers Stand Alone & Synergistic Installation• IH2 Synergistic Installation has benefits beyond solely hydrocarbon production, which varies by industry• IH2 Refinery Synergy can reduce capital cost and fuel MSP• Fuel MSP may further decrease based on feed selection and site requirements• Fuel MSP at current estimate of 1.60$/gal is typically less than bulk and rack pricing for regular/premium gasoline. Additional upside.11/15/2011 15
  16. 16. Thank You11/15/2011 16