IH2 9th EU Biotech Microalgae


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IH2 9th EU Biotech Microalgae

  1. 1. Hydrocarbon Fuels from Biomass usingIH2 TechnologyPat Leung, Alan Del PaggioCRI Catalyst Company, Houston, Texas, United StatesTerry Marker, Larry Felix, Martin Linck, Michael RobertsGas Technology Institute, Des Plaines, Illinois, United States
  2. 2. DisclaimerThe information contained in this material is intended to be general innature and must not be relied on as specific advice in connection withany decisions you may make. None of CRI/Criterion Inc or any of itsaffiliated companies are liable for any action you may take as a result ofyou relying on such material or for any loss or damage suffered by youas a result of you taking this action. Furthermore, these materials donot in any way constitute an offer to provide specific products orservices. Some products or services may not be available in certaincountries or political subdivisions thereof.6/18/2012 2
  3. 3. CRI Snapshot• Evolution of Shell Catalyst Business with > 45 year history• Part of CRI/Criterion, Inc• US based global business – Houston (HQ) – London – Singapore• Research Facilities – STCA 1000 staff using >80,000 m2 building space – SBL >200 staff using ~10 acre site – STCH (Westhollow) 1200 staff using >1mln ft2 building space• Manufacturing Facilities in US, Germany, Belgium6/18/2012 3
  4. 4. GTI Snapshot• Not-for-profit gas research &services organization with a 70 year history• Capabilities that span the natural gas value chain• Energy Solutions• Facilities – 18 acre Chicago campus – 28 specialized labs totaling 200,000 ft2• Staff of 250• >1,200 patents• >750 products taken to market Offices& Labs Pilot Scale Gasification Campus Energy & Environmental Technology Center6/18/2012 4
  5. 5. Why IH2 Technology? Biofuels Pharmaceuticals Neutraceuticals Algae Cosmetics Chemicals Food/ feed• Can consume either whole algae or post-extractive residue• Improve site margins6/18/2012 5
  6. 6. GTI‟s Design Principles• Produce fungible hydrocarbon fuel/blend stock from a broad range of inedible/residual biomass feed at low cost• Require no infrastructure other than road/rail transport into and out of the production• Have minimal unsustainable impact on the surrounding environment6/18/2012 6
  7. 7. Simple (4 major components)1. Feed Conditioning: – Sized, mixed and dried to moisture contents between 10-45wt%2. 1st Stage Reactor (bubbling fluidized bed) – Biomass meets catalyst and H2 at ~400C to remove >90% oxygen3. 2nd Stage Reactor (low pressure fixed bed HT) – 1st stage product „polished‟ over a second catalyst system4. Hydrogen Manufacturing Unit (HMU) – Converts C3- gases to renewable H2 sufficient to meet requirements6/18/2012 7
  8. 8. Differentiators• Feedstock flexibility with yields 67-157 gal/ton (MAF)• Attractive economics – Low capex (low pressure, non-corrosive, simple) – Low opex• Both stages exothermic• Fungible with fossil fuels – High purity hydrocarbon product – High energy density (i.e. 18 kBTU/lb) – Produces gasoline/jet/diesel simultaneously – No oxygen• Self-sufficient “renewable” H2 – Eases logistical constraints – >94% GHG reduction except for algae• Integrates existing technologies• Catalysts are essential6/18/2012 8
  9. 9. IH2 Process - Algae Scenario Potential Revenue Feed IH2 Sources Green CO2 Char Algae Cyclone System Ash/Catalyst Fines Hi Pressure Steam HMU Wood/Forest C3- Gases (Renewable H2) Residue 4 Distilled Hydrocarbon Products Distilled Agriculture Gasoline, Residue C 4+ 2 3 Jet and Diesel Fuel / Blend Stock Hot Water Bubbling Fluidized Bed Fixed Bed HT Proprietary Catalyst Proprietary Catalyst Energy Crops 340-470C 150-250C <500psig <500psig N/S stream for Fertilizer MSW 1st Stage 2nd Stage (Garbage/RDF) Char Feed Conditioning 1 Sizing , Drying & Feeding6/18/2012 9
  10. 10. Liquid Yields and Feedstock Flexibility Wood Parabel Aquaflow Bagasse Blue Marble Corn Stover Lemna Wild Seaweed MicroAlgae Feed wt % C 49.7 46.3 43.1 43.1 34.0 40.2 Feed wt % H 5.8 5.8 6.1 5.0 4.43 5.0 Feed wt % O 43.9 35.7 20.4 35.3 23.6 35.7 Feed wt % N 0.11 3.7 6.5 0.34 4.6 1.0 Feed wt % S 0.03 0.3 0.7 0.10 1.9 0.05 Feed wt % Ash 0.5 8.2 23.1 16.2 29.4 18.1 Feed H/C 1.40 1.50 1.70 1.39 1.56 1.49 Typical % C4+ TLP (MAF) 28 30 46 30 35 21 C4+ Gallon/Ton (MAF) 92 100 157 100 119 67 Product Oxygen bdl* bdl bdl bdl bdl bdl* bdl is < 0.1%6/18/2012 10
  11. 11. IH2 Liquid Products Total Liquid Product from Total Liquid Product from Gasoline/Jet/Diesel Product from 1st Gen Catalyst 2nd Gen Catalyst 3rd Gen Catalyst Hydrocarbon Hydrocarbon Water Water GOAL “B3” Quality “B25” Quality “B60+” Quality Stand Alone “B100”6/18/2012 11
  12. 12. IH2 Process Cost Estimates• Estimates made by NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)• Based on 2000mt/d wood-fed unit, nth plant, green field• Land acquisition & development costs included• 2000mt/d wood (50% moisture fed, dried to 10% moisture at 1st stage)• Total Installed Equipment Cost (TIC) = $123.9 mln (2012 USD)• Total Capital Investment = $256.1 mln (2012 USD)• Wood feedstock cost used in the model = $71.97/ dry ton• Feed Stock ~55% of Operating Cost (cost for algae feedstock ???)• NREL Capex and Opex have been validated by a Global Engineering Construction Company (KBR)• Minimum Fuel Selling Price = $1.76 per gallon (2012 USD) or € 0.376 per liter6/18/2012 12
  13. 13. IH2 Technology Deployment• Bench Scale – Since 2009 @ 0.5kg/hr• Pilot Scale – February S/U, continuous @ 50kg/d – Confirmed Yield Structure (Wood) – Confirmed Catalyst Life (Wood)• Pre Commercial Scale – Basic Engineering 5t/d demo(s)• Commercial Scale – Target 1/1/14 begin Basic Engineering6/18/2012 13
  14. 14. Commercial Timeline, Current Status Demo Scale Lab Scale Pilot Scale Commercial (Brownfield) 1Q10 Process 2Q10 Variables and Semi- Wood, 50-200t/d 3Q10 Continuous 4Q10 Operation Crop Residues, 5-10t/d Construct 50kg/d 1Q11 Pilot Plant Micro Algae, 5t/d 2Q11 MSW, 5t/d Receive Unit 3Q11 Refinery Integrated, 1000t/d 4Q11 Shake Down 1Q12 2Q12 3Q12 Continuous Pilot 4Q12 Plant Operation 1Q13 2Q13 3Q13 4Q13 1Q14 2Q14 Engineering 3Q14 4Q14 Construction6/18/2012 14
  15. 15. Summary• The IH2 technology is – a cost-effective catalytic thermochemical process developed by Gas Technology Institute (GTI) with own, US DOE, CRI funds, and other in-kind contribution – a process that converts biomass directly to hydrocarbon fuels / blend stocks using proprietary CRI catalysts – feedstock flexible, able to consume broad range of biomass (straight, mixed and varied feeds) – needing only transport in/out of the site – nearly carbon-neutral for wood and crop residue – globally available exclusively from CRI 6/18/2012 15