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08/03/2013                                                   The believe in play as an                                    ...
08/03/2013              Involvement              I                              7                                         ...
08/03/2013   Totally involved                                                       The point of logic, as traditionally  ...
08/03/2013         Infant and family members start         When behavioral flexibility is         playing rhythmic body ga...
08/03/2013                                               25                                      26                       ...
08/03/2013                                             Scaffolding feeding the baby                                       ...
08/03/2013 Being nearby and involved:                       The teacher nearby, walking or at distance:high level of play ...
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Becera esinger

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Becera esinger

  1. 1. 08/03/2013 The believe in play as an educational tool has become so dominant in research andTeachers of young children as homo ludens practice that we tend to forget Elly Singer the playing child. BECERA 2013 Sutton-Smith, The Ambiguity of Play , 1997 2 First and foremost all play is a voluntary activity. Child and animal play because they enjoy playing, and therein Play is an essential quality in early precisely lies their freedom. childhood education Huizinga, Homo Ludens, 1938 3 4 Excitement 5 Surprise 6 1
  2. 2. 08/03/2013 Involvement I 7 Fun 8 We do not play because of some benefit that is more valuable then play itself. Huizinga, Homo Ludens, 1938 Togetherness 9 10 2-year-olds playing peek oebooPlayers create a rhythm and ‘magic circle’ 11 12 2
  3. 3. 08/03/2013 Totally involved The point of logic, as traditionally construed, is to establish unambiguous canons of correct reasoning. In contrast, the fundamental aim of play is the modulation of the player’s experience Rodriguez, The playful and the serious, 2006 13 14 Adult’s play has fixed No No Sing Song boundaries in time and space 15 16 The baby leads the dance of intersubjectivityPlay is:•Play is valuable in its own right (Bruner et al. 1969) (subjective experience of fun)•Play is voluntary and free•Play has structure, rules and rhythms (magic circle, being in relationships)•Play modulates experiences (not determined by logic and laws of nature)•Play has boundaries in space and time (outside ordinary life)•Play is an original wellspring of culture 17 18 3
  4. 4. 08/03/2013 Infant and family members start When behavioral flexibility is playing rhythmic body games, and important to an animal it is likely that enjoy music, songs and dancing which some mechanisms would evolve that becomes part of the fun of their life promote learning the vagaries of a together. They negotiate the invented changeable environment. Play is one life of meaning. of those mechanisms. Travarthen, 2011 Bjorklund, 2007 19 20Exploring balance and law of gravity Perhaps it [play] is especially influential in refining our frontal cortical, executive networks that allow us to more effectively appreciate social nuances and develop better social strategies. Panksepp, 2010 21 22 Fine tuned conflicts strategies The more regulated by artificial rules of procedure and laws, the less it [society] credits the innate endowment of all children for positive contribution to society. Trevarthen 2011 23 24 4
  5. 5. 08/03/2013 25 26 27 28Thin lines between pretend and serious activities Children hear daily many don’t’s 30 5
  6. 6. 08/03/2013 Scaffolding feeding the baby 31 Tea for your friend 33 34•Pedagogues take care of boundaries Magic and shared attention•Play connects peers and pedagogues•Play is magic•Play brings togetherness•Discipline by flexible routines, rituals,songs, humor and interest in children’splay•Playful attitude during the caringactivities and ‘work’ 35 36 6
  7. 7. 08/03/2013 Being nearby and involved: The teacher nearby, walking or at distance:high level of play engagement effects on play engagement Low, moderate or good Level of play engagement in 2- and 3-year olds during free play 37 Singing and dancing together Playfulness bridges the differences in power and responsibilities between pedagogues and young children 39 40 Teachers of young children are HOMO LUDENS 41 7

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