The  Beginning of the Middle Ages This Powerpoint is hosted on  www.worldofteaching.com
Although the fall of the Roman Empire did not happen overnight, many consider its fall the beginning of the Middle Ages or...
The Middle Ages were a dangerous time in Europe  <ul><li>The strong empires of Rome and Greece that protected trade routes...
No more large cities, trade, scholarship. <ul><li>With all the disease, riots, outside attacks and starvation people fled ...
 
Manoralism  (econ. system)‏ or safety and for defense, people in the Middle Ages formed small communities around a central...
Feudalism  (political system)‏ <ul><li>The kings had lots of land; he gave land to lords in exchange for protection and $....
Chivalry- code of honor
Rights and Responsibilities under Feudalism (Manorial System) <ul><li>Medieval landholding nobles were a military elite wh...
Manorial System continued <ul><li>These agricultural estates were called  manors.   </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing numbers o...
Manorial System continued <ul><li>Lords had a variety of legal rights over their serfs.  </li></ul><ul><li>Serfs needed th...
Manorial System continued <ul><li>Serfs, however, were not slaves.  </li></ul><ul><li>Usually, a serf’s land could not be ...
Government Development <ul><li>As these Manor sytems grew and the different European countries became more powerful the ri...
Magna Carta <ul><li>Signed in 1215 </li></ul><ul><li>Example of Rule of Law </li></ul><ul><li>English King John was a bad ...
Magna Carta <ul><li>This is the first time rights were taken from a king and given to the nobles. </li></ul><ul><li>This i...
Problems between European Countries <ul><li>As the power of each of this countries grew they fought for control over impor...
There are 2 wars you need to know about. <ul><li>In 1066, England was invaded by the Normans (Vikings from modern-day Fran...
William of Normandy who led the battle helped make England what it is today. He codified feudalism (gave it the force of l...
Crusades <ul><li>The  Crusades  were a series of battles between Christians and Muslims in the Middle East. </li></ul><ul>...
Why was Constantinople so important geographically?
Crusades <ul><li>Thousands of knights and “barbarian” soldiers united under Christianity attacked Muslims and Jews in Turk...
Impact of the Crusades <ul><li>Persecution of Jews and Muslims </li></ul><ul><li>Economic development via trade </li></ul>...
Role of Church in Middle Ages <ul><li>Never was there a time when the Church was so powerful in  Western Civilization . </...
Role of Church <ul><li>Monks were spiritual leaders  </li></ul><ul><li>They lived in monasteries that were self sufficient...
Role of Church <ul><li>They spent years transcribing the Bible since the printing press wasn’t used in Europe yet. </li></ul>
Churches and Cathedrals during the Middle Ages
Role of Church <ul><li>Since there were no strong empires or kingdoms the Church was one organization that had respect and...
Important Middle Ages Technologies <ul><li>Water Wheel </li></ul><ul><li>Eyeglasses </li></ul><ul><li>Mechanical Clock </l...
Summary <ul><li>The Roman Empire fell due to outside attacks and disease (brought on by trade)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>The Midd...
<ul><li>Feudalism/ Manoralism came from people’s need for protection.  Each member had rights and responsibilities. </li><...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Unit 7 lesson 2

5,581 views

Published on

Published in: Education
0 Comments
3 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
5,581
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3,645
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
3
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Unit 7 lesson 2

  1. 1. The Beginning of the Middle Ages This Powerpoint is hosted on www.worldofteaching.com
  2. 2. Although the fall of the Roman Empire did not happen overnight, many consider its fall the beginning of the Middle Ages or Dark Ages.
  3. 3. The Middle Ages were a dangerous time in Europe <ul><li>The strong empires of Rome and Greece that protected trade routes and encouraged science and personal liberties were fading away. </li></ul><ul><li>The Roman empire not only had to fight the plague but fight invaders from Europe and Asia. </li></ul>
  4. 4. No more large cities, trade, scholarship. <ul><li>With all the disease, riots, outside attacks and starvation people fled the cities of the once strong Roman empire. </li></ul><ul><li>In Europe, people now lived on manors , self-sufficient communities consisting of a castle, church, village and surrounding farmlands. </li></ul>
  5. 6. Manoralism (econ. system)‏ or safety and for defense, people in the Middle Ages formed small communities around a central lord or master. Most people lived on a manor, which consisted of the castle, the church, the village, and the surrounding farm land. These manors were isolated, with occasional visits from peddlers, pilgrims on their way to the Crusades, or soldiers from other fiefdoms. Why do you think everyone chose to be isolated?          
  6. 7. Feudalism (political system)‏ <ul><li>The kings had lots of land; he gave land to lords in exchange for protection and $. </li></ul><ul><li>Lords gave their land to knights in exchange for protection, $. </li></ul><ul><li>Knights let serfs work the land and he would protect them. </li></ul><ul><li>Serfs got food and shelter. </li></ul><ul><li>Thus, each person had rights and responsibilities </li></ul>
  7. 8. Chivalry- code of honor
  8. 9. Rights and Responsibilities under Feudalism (Manorial System) <ul><li>Medieval landholding nobles were a military elite who needed the leisure to pursue the arts of war. </li></ul><ul><li>Peasants worked the lords’ landed estates on the fiefs of the vassals. </li></ul><ul><li>These estates provided the needed economic support for the nobles. </li></ul>
  9. 10. Manorial System continued <ul><li>These agricultural estates were called manors. </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing numbers of free peasants became serfs –peasants legally bound to the land. </li></ul><ul><li>Serfs worked the lord’s land, helped maintain the estate, paid rent, and were under the lord’s control. </li></ul><ul><li>By 800, probably 60 percent of western Europeans were serfs. </li></ul>
  10. 11. Manorial System continued <ul><li>Lords had a variety of legal rights over their serfs. </li></ul><ul><li>Serfs needed the lord’s permission to marry anyone outside of the manor and to leave the manor. </li></ul><ul><li>Often lords had the right to try peasants in their own courts. </li></ul>
  11. 12. Manorial System continued <ul><li>Serfs, however, were not slaves. </li></ul><ul><li>Usually, a serf’s land could not be taken away, and serfs’ responsibilities were fixed. </li></ul><ul><li>The lord was obligated to protect his serfs. </li></ul>
  12. 13. Government Development <ul><li>As these Manor sytems grew and the different European countries became more powerful the rights of the citizens began to change. </li></ul><ul><li>One major change was in England under King John </li></ul><ul><li>He was forced to sign a document giving more rights to his nobles </li></ul>
  13. 14. Magna Carta <ul><li>Signed in 1215 </li></ul><ul><li>Example of Rule of Law </li></ul><ul><li>English King John was a bad king so his nobles forced him to sign it. </li></ul><ul><li>Limited powers of king. </li></ul>
  14. 15. Magna Carta <ul><li>This is the first time rights were taken from a king and given to the nobles. </li></ul><ul><li>This is the beginning of the citizens gaining rights under a government. </li></ul><ul><li>Not since ancient Rome did citizens have a say in the government of a nation </li></ul>
  15. 16. Problems between European Countries <ul><li>As the power of each of this countries grew they fought for control over important areas. </li></ul><ul><li>There were many battles, wars and treaties during this time period. </li></ul>
  16. 17. There are 2 wars you need to know about. <ul><li>In 1066, England was invaded by the Normans (Vikings from modern-day France) and they conquered all of England </li></ul>
  17. 18. William of Normandy who led the battle helped make England what it is today. He codified feudalism (gave it the force of law).
  18. 19. Crusades <ul><li>The Crusades were a series of battles between Christians and Muslims in the Middle East. </li></ul><ul><li>Christian knights wanted to take the Holy Land and give it back to Christians </li></ul>
  19. 20. Why was Constantinople so important geographically?
  20. 21. Crusades <ul><li>Thousands of knights and “barbarian” soldiers united under Christianity attacked Muslims and Jews in Turkey and Jerusalem to gain the land for Christians. </li></ul>
  21. 22. Impact of the Crusades <ul><li>Persecution of Jews and Muslims </li></ul><ul><li>Economic development via trade </li></ul><ul><li>Kings and popes, gained power as a result. </li></ul>
  22. 23. Role of Church in Middle Ages <ul><li>Never was there a time when the Church was so powerful in Western Civilization . </li></ul><ul><li>The Church was led the Pope </li></ul><ul><li>Priests, nuns, and monks gave care to people and help to convert others to Christianity </li></ul>
  23. 24. Role of Church <ul><li>Monks were spiritual leaders </li></ul><ul><li>They lived in monasteries that were self sufficient </li></ul><ul><li>They are responsible for copying important documents and making copies of the bible by hand </li></ul>
  24. 25. Role of Church <ul><li>They spent years transcribing the Bible since the printing press wasn’t used in Europe yet. </li></ul>
  25. 26. Churches and Cathedrals during the Middle Ages
  26. 27. Role of Church <ul><li>Since there were no strong empires or kingdoms the Church was one organization that had respect and power. </li></ul><ul><li>Popes were more powerful than kings! </li></ul>
  27. 28. Important Middle Ages Technologies <ul><li>Water Wheel </li></ul><ul><li>Eyeglasses </li></ul><ul><li>Mechanical Clock </li></ul><ul><li>Printing </li></ul><ul><li>Gunpowder </li></ul>
  28. 29. Summary <ul><li>The Roman Empire fell due to outside attacks and disease (brought on by trade)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>The Middle Ages began as the Church replaced governments as the central authority. </li></ul>
  29. 30. <ul><li>Feudalism/ Manoralism came from people’s need for protection. Each member had rights and responsibilities. </li></ul><ul><li>Cultures interact through wars, such as the Crusades, and trade ideas such as democratic ideas or religious ideas </li></ul>Summary continued

×