North and Central African Societies Click here to hear camel noises, or camel calls!
Characteristics of Early Societies in Northern and Central Africa <ul><li>-  started as semi-nomadic hunter-gatherers  </l...
By 670 C.E., Muslims ruled Egypt and started to invade areas to the west.  Some conquered people adopted Islam and based t...
Muslim States in North and Central Africa <ul><li>Almoravid Empire (Berbers)  </li></ul><ul><li>created in the 11 th  Cent...
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Unit 5 lesson 3 early northern and central african societies power point

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Unit 5 lesson 3 early northern and central african societies power point

  1. 1. North and Central African Societies Click here to hear camel noises, or camel calls!
  2. 2. Characteristics of Early Societies in Northern and Central Africa <ul><li>- started as semi-nomadic hunter-gatherers </li></ul><ul><li>- established loose social structures as family members </li></ul><ul><li>respected the elder males (group leaders), families made their </li></ul><ul><li>own decisions, groups solve problems through talks, and </li></ul><ul><li>disgruntled members left the group </li></ul><ul><li>- lived by lineages, or links between past generations and future </li></ul><ul><li>generations through a common ancestor, dominated </li></ul><ul><li>- had stateless societies, or societies with no central </li></ul><ul><li>government - families kept the power balanced </li></ul><ul><li>- had patrilineal or matrilineal societies (ancestors traced </li></ul><ul><li>through fathers or mothers) </li></ul><ul><li>- created age-set groups (male vs. female was different) who </li></ul><ul><li>passed through ritual ceremonies and rites together </li></ul>
  3. 3. By 670 C.E., Muslims ruled Egypt and started to invade areas to the west. Some conquered people adopted Islam and based their governments and cultures on Islamic law. The Berbers, indigenous mountain and desert dwellers of North Africa, converted to Islam.
  4. 4. Muslim States in North and Central Africa <ul><li>Almoravid Empire (Berbers) </li></ul><ul><li>created in the 11 th Century C.E. by Muslim reformers </li></ul><ul><li>some Berbers made the pilgrimage to Mecca and on their way created a strict religious brotherhood </li></ul><ul><li>their main goal was to spread Islam through conquest </li></ul><ul><li>capital was Marrakesh, Morocco </li></ul><ul><li>conquered Ghana in 1076 C.E. and also southern Spain, where they were called Moors </li></ul><ul><li>Almohad Empire (Berbers) </li></ul><ul><li>criticized the Almoravids because they strayed from traditional Islamic practice so they overthrew them in the mid-1100s C.E. </li></ul><ul><li>- united Northern Africa under Islam </li></ul>
  5. 5. Happy Trails!

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