Unit 4 lesson 3 power point ancient china 1

7,351 views

Published on

0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
7,351
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2,915
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Unit 4 lesson 3 power point ancient china 1

  1. 1. Ancient China
  2. 2. <ul><li>Today, during this visual </li></ul><ul><li>journey through Ancient </li></ul><ul><li>China, you will see all of the </li></ul><ul><li>distinct achievements of the </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese culture, from its </li></ul><ul><li>early beginnings to around </li></ul><ul><li>1300 C.E.. Take notes as </li></ul><ul><li>your explore the many sides </li></ul><ul><li>of Ancient China…… </li></ul><ul><li>Enjoy! </li></ul>
  3. 3. Early Philosophies and Ethical Systems <ul><li>Confucianism </li></ul><ul><li>- founded by Confucius (551-479 </li></ul><ul><li>B.C.E.) - influential scholar who wrote </li></ul><ul><li>the Analects - studied and taught </li></ul><ul><li>history, music, and moral thinking </li></ul><ul><li>- believed in five important relationships </li></ul><ul><li>(with codes of conduct for each): ruler </li></ul><ul><li>and subject, father and son, husband </li></ul><ul><li>and wife, older brother and younger </li></ul><ul><li>brother, and friend and friend </li></ul>
  4. 4. Confucianism (continued) <ul><li>- believed in filial piety, or </li></ul><ul><li>respect for parents, elders, </li></ul><ul><li>and ancestors during life and </li></ul><ul><li>after death </li></ul><ul><li>- hired as Minister of Justice - </li></ul><ul><li>set up bureaucracy, or civil service </li></ul><ul><li>system, to educate and train </li></ul><ul><li>government workers to help the </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese government be more ethical </li></ul><ul><li>and efficiently solve crises </li></ul>
  5. 5. Other Ethical Systems: Daoism versus Legalism <ul><li>Daoism </li></ul><ul><li>- started by Laozi during the </li></ul><ul><li>6 th Century B.C.E. </li></ul><ul><li>- believed the Dao, or “the way,” </li></ul><ul><li>guided all things in nature </li></ul><ul><li>except for humans, who refused </li></ul><ul><li>to follow </li></ul><ul><li>- thought humans should live </li></ul><ul><li>in harmony with nature as </li></ul><ul><li>natural order is more important </li></ul><ul><li>than social order, which </li></ul><ul><li>inspired believers to pursue </li></ul><ul><li>scientific studies </li></ul><ul><li>Legalism </li></ul><ul><li>- founded by Hanfiezi and Li Si </li></ul><ul><li>- thought a well run and </li></ul><ul><li>powerful government allows </li></ul><ul><li>for social order while laws and </li></ul><ul><li>punishments help maintain </li></ul><ul><li>social order along with rewards </li></ul><ul><li>for the obedient </li></ul><ul><li>- believed ideas should be </li></ul><ul><li>controlled and books that </li></ul><ul><li>criticize the government should </li></ul><ul><li>be destroyed </li></ul>
  6. 6. Chinese Dynasties <ul><li>Dynasties covered in this PowerPoint: </li></ul><ul><li>Qin </li></ul><ul><li>Han </li></ul><ul><li>Sui </li></ul><ul><li>Tang </li></ul><ul><li>Song </li></ul>
  7. 7. Qin Dynasty (221-202 B.C.E.) Shi Huangdi, the first emperor - used Legalist tactics to unify and strengthen China and its government <ul><li>stopped invaders and expanded China </li></ul><ul><li>put down civil unrest at home by crushing political rivals and burning books by his opponents </li></ul>- created an autocracy, or government with limitless power
  8. 8. Qin Dynasty Achievements and Downfall <ul><li>- created a national highway system </li></ul><ul><li>- set a standard for laws, writing, </li></ul><ul><li>weights, and measurements </li></ul><ul><li>- created advanced irrigation systems </li></ul><ul><li>- pushed for trade </li></ul><ul><li>- made poor workers build the Great </li></ul><ul><li>Wall of China </li></ul><ul><li>- taxed people to create these </li></ul><ul><li>programs </li></ul><ul><li>- dynasty fell because of oppressive </li></ul><ul><li>father and son rulers </li></ul>
  9. 9. Han Dynasty (200 B.C.E. – 220 C.E.) <ul><li>- split into two periods </li></ul><ul><li>- Liu Bang, the first emperor, created a </li></ul><ul><li>centralized government, or government in </li></ul><ul><li>which a central authority controls the country - </li></ul><ul><li>the emperor was well liked because he </li></ul><ul><li>lowered taxes and relaxed punishments </li></ul><ul><li>- Wudi - “Martial Emperor” - dealt with </li></ul><ul><li>invaders militarily and expanded China almost </li></ul><ul><li>to its present day boundaries </li></ul>
  10. 10. Han Government and Social Classes <ul><li>Han government </li></ul><ul><li>alliances made to gain the crown and rivals were assassinated </li></ul><ul><li>bureaucracy collected taxes, recruited soldiers, and gathered workers to maintain the empire </li></ul><ul><li>workers took a civil service exam on Confucian beliefs to acquire jobs </li></ul><ul><li>pushed for agriculture and trade to support its growing population </li></ul><ul><li>Han social structure </li></ul><ul><li>- emperors -> kings/governors -> nobles/state officials/scholars -> peasant farmers -> artisans/merchants -> soldiers -> slaves </li></ul><ul><li>- conquered people were lowest and encouraged to assimilate, or adopt Chinese culture to unify the country </li></ul>
  11. 11. Han Dynasty Achievements and Downfall <ul><li>addition of more roads, canals, and irrigation ditches </li></ul><ul><li>papermaking </li></ul><ul><li>horse harness </li></ul><ul><li>plow </li></ul><ul><li>wheelbarrow </li></ul><ul><li>trading of goods and ideas via the Silk Road </li></ul><ul><li>- first dynasty fell because emperor after emperor was ineffective and overthrown, over-taxation and inflation, and natural disasters </li></ul><ul><li>- second dynasty was successful early but fell due to prior issues </li></ul>
  12. 12. Sui Dynasty (581-618 C.E.) - major accomplishments included building the Grand Canal connecting north and south China and rebuilding the Great Wall - dynasty fell after government projects caused overworked and overtaxed citizens to revolt Click here to hear the sound of the Grand Canal
  13. 13. Tang Dynasty (618-907 C.E.) Song Dynasty (960-1279 C.E.) <ul><li>Tang Dynasty </li></ul><ul><li>- expanded China and </li></ul><ul><li>created a bureaucracy of </li></ul><ul><li>scholar-officials, an elite </li></ul><ul><li>group of educated upper </li></ul><ul><li>and middle class officials </li></ul><ul><li>- dynasty fell due to </li></ul><ul><li>overtaxing citizens for </li></ul><ul><li>building programs, losing </li></ul><ul><li>territory to Muslim </li></ul><ul><li>invaders, and internal </li></ul><ul><li>rebellion </li></ul><ul><li>Song Dynasty </li></ul><ul><li>- ruled a smaller area due to </li></ul><ul><li>invaders and tried to keep </li></ul><ul><li>enemies at bay by paying </li></ul><ul><li>tributes, or fees, which did not </li></ul><ul><li>work </li></ul><ul><li>- eventually the Song Dynasty </li></ul><ul><li>ruled only southern China, which </li></ul><ul><li>prospered from trade </li></ul><ul><li>- dynasty fell after Mongols </li></ul><ul><li>claimed China in 1279 C.E. </li></ul>Click here to listen to a Chinese song
  14. 14. Tang and Song Achievements <ul><li>- movable type (wooden block letters put into a frame to </li></ul><ul><li>print a page of information) </li></ul><ul><li>- gunpowder </li></ul><ul><li>- porcelain for pottery </li></ul><ul><li>- mechanical clock </li></ul><ul><li>- paper money </li></ul><ul><li>- magnetic compass for sailing </li></ul><ul><li>- use of negative numbers in math </li></ul><ul><li>- acupuncture for treatment of illnesses </li></ul><ul><li>- improvements in rice cultivation to feed more people </li></ul><ul><li>- new poetry and art reflecting Confucian and Daoist views </li></ul><ul><li>- development of the gentry, or upper class citizens with </li></ul><ul><li>scholar and government backgrounds - gentry -> urban middle </li></ul><ul><li>class -> merchants/artisans ->laborers/soldiers/servants -> </li></ul><ul><li>peasants - women were subservient except for peasant women </li></ul><ul><li>who helped their families gain income </li></ul>
  15. 15. The End <ul><li>Works Cited </li></ul><ul><li>All pictures, music, and sounds came from Microsoft Office Clip Art except: </li></ul><ul><li>http ://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/cb/Modern_Course_of_Grand_Canal_of_China.png/400px-Modern_Course_of_Grand_Canal_of_China.png </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.economiabr.defesabr.com/Fotos/China_GrandCanal.jpg </li></ul>

×