Unit 12 lesson 2

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Unit 12 lesson 2

  1. 1. The Long-Term Consequences of WWI Click here to hear the sounds of war!
  2. 2. Treaty of Versailles <ul><li>- developed starting January 18, 1918 </li></ul><ul><li>- beginning of the Paris Peace Conference - </li></ul><ul><li>32 countries debated the overall peace treaty </li></ul><ul><li>- “The Big Four” - President Wilson (U.S.), </li></ul><ul><li>Prime Minister Clemenceau (France), Prime </li></ul><ul><li>Minister George (Great Britain), and Prime </li></ul><ul><li>Minister Orlando (Italy) hammered out the </li></ul><ul><li>most details - Russia as well as Germany and </li></ul><ul><li>its allies were not represented   </li></ul>
  3. 3. Wilson’s Fourteen Points - a plan for immediate and long-term peace - 1st-4th Points - end of secret treaties, freedom of the seas, free trade, and reduced armies and navies     - 5th Point - adjustment of colonial claims based on fairness to colonial people     - 6th-13th Points - changing of borders and the creation of new nations     - 14th Point - alliance of all nations to protect each other and negotiate issues amongst nations     - many nations, including France and Great Britain, did not approve of Wilson’s plan because they wanted to strip Germany of its military and power   Click here to hear the sound of a battleship at sea!
  4. 4. Results of the Treaty of Versailles <ul><li>signed June 28, 1919 </li></ul><ul><li>League of Nations, or global alliance and peace system, was created to mimic the 14th Point </li></ul><ul><li>Germany was punished by stripping its military and many European and colonial possessions, as well as placing blame for the war on Germany and making them pay war reparations   </li></ul><ul><li>- other treaties were signed with Germany’s allies, which stripped those countries of conquered lands and helped to establish new nations   </li></ul>
  5. 5. Why the Treaty of Versailles Failed - the American Congress and Americans rejected it (unlike Wilson) because they wanted to stay out of European affairs     - Germany felt bitter having to accept blame for the whole war     - colonial possessions of the Axis powers were bitter because the Self-Determinism Clause of the Treaty was disregarded as the European victors did not grant them independence and held on to them through the mandate system, or &quot;care-taking&quot; system     - other Allied members, such as Italy and Japan, did not gain the extra territory they desired  

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