THE STUDY ON NOTIFICATION AND DECISION-MAKING PROCESSES ON THE HYDROPOWER IN THE 3S RIVERS IN CAMBODIA  Ham Kimkong DES/RU...
Source: FACT Map of Cambodia/Study Area
Historical Background <ul><li>Until now Cambodia electricity supply has been challenging with high cost and limited facili...
Historical Background <ul><li>Government strongly support strategic plan Hydropower dam project. </li></ul><ul><li>Indicat...
Aim of Study  <ul><li>Is to study and document on a better understanding of the notification system process on the hydropo...
<ul><li>To study on how does notification process takes place at local communities, national and regional levels. </li></u...
Research questions :  <ul><li>What are gaps in hydropower development and decision-making on warning system needs to be im...
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
Research Sites Province/Districts Communes No. of Households Villages Sesan (ST) 1 40 2 Oyadav (RT)  1 40 2 Total 2 80 4
Map of Se San River (Stung Treng and Ratanakiri/Catchment Area) Source : SWECO, 2007
Source: 3SPN 2010
MAP OF VILLAGES AND SESAN COMMUNE, OU YA DAV DISTRICT, RATANAKIRI ( RESEARCH SITE)
Map of Phluk commune, Sesan District, Stung Treng ( Research Site)
Initial Research Findings <ul><li>Ministries responsibilities and decision making on Hydropower development in Cambodia </...
Initial Research Findings <ul><li>Ministries responsibilities and decision making on Hydropower development in Cambodia </...
Initial Research Findings <ul><li>Ministries responsibilities and decision making on Hydropower development in Cambodia </...
Proposed Hydropower Dam on 3S Rivers, Sesan, Srey Kong and Srey Pok,  Mekong ’ s tributaries JICA, April, 2007 No Name Stu...
Kimkong, 2007. Approval/feasibility Study Stage on Domestic Hydropower Dam  No Name  Installed Capacity  MW Annual Energy ...
HYDROPOWER DECISION MAKING AND NOTIFICATION LETTER PROCESS ON SESAN RIVER Vietnam Hydropower Dam Project Company CNMC Mini...
Hydropower dam Projects VNMC MRC CNMC . Ministries Districts Communes Ministry Lines in Vietnam  Provinces  Indirect news ...
Vietnam  hydropower company Police border Posts Commune and village head men Villager Households Households  Diagram of  i...
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The Study on Notification and Decision-Making Processes on the Hydropower in the 3S Rivers in Cambodia

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By Ham Kimkong, DES/RUPP, M-POWER Fellow

Presented at the Mekong Forum on Water, Food and Energy
Phnom Penh, Cambodia
December 7-9, 2011
Session 8a: Presenting the work of the M-POWER Fellows

Published in: Technology, Business
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  • Normally, Tonle Sap Lake flows into the Mekong but when the high water level in the Mekong pushed the flow into Tonle Sap.
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  • The Study on Notification and Decision-Making Processes on the Hydropower in the 3S Rivers in Cambodia

    1. 1. THE STUDY ON NOTIFICATION AND DECISION-MAKING PROCESSES ON THE HYDROPOWER IN THE 3S RIVERS IN CAMBODIA Ham Kimkong DES/RUPP 7-9 th Dec, 2011 Mekong Forum on Water, Food and Energy
    2. 2. Source: FACT Map of Cambodia/Study Area
    3. 3. Historical Background <ul><li>Until now Cambodia electricity supply has been challenging with high cost and limited facilities which compares to others countries in the Mekong countries. </li></ul><ul><li>Plans to triple hydropower output over the next several years to meeting that the demands (Tira, et at, 2010). </li></ul>
    4. 4. Historical Background <ul><li>Government strongly support strategic plan Hydropower dam project. </li></ul><ul><li>Indicating potential places in Country. </li></ul><ul><li>In Cambodia: totally potential10,000(MW): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>50 % Mekong mainstream, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>40 % Mekong tributaries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>10% South-Western coastal area. </li></ul></ul>Source: MIME, 2003
    5. 5. Aim of Study <ul><li>Is to study and document on a better understanding of the notification system process on the hydropower and its decision-making from local community to national perspectives. </li></ul>
    6. 6. <ul><li>To study on how does notification process takes place at local communities, national and regional levels. </li></ul><ul><li>To identify policy gaps in hydropower development and institutional arrangement that implicated the electricity-power management and livelihoods. </li></ul><ul><li>To contribute to learning for students, communities, researchers about hydropower decision- making’s challenges and improving management practices from local communities to relevant stakeholders. </li></ul>Objectives:
    7. 7. Research questions : <ul><li>What are gaps in hydropower development and decision-making on warning system needs to be improved and identified? </li></ul><ul><li>How these weakness and gaps are identified and solved? </li></ul><ul><li>What are impacts of social, economical and ecological aspects from hydropower development and decision-making mechanize? What are the best resolutions or win-win-strategies need to be understood? </li></ul>
    8. 8. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
    9. 9. Research Sites Province/Districts Communes No. of Households Villages Sesan (ST) 1 40 2 Oyadav (RT) 1 40 2 Total 2 80 4
    10. 10. Map of Se San River (Stung Treng and Ratanakiri/Catchment Area) Source : SWECO, 2007
    11. 11. Source: 3SPN 2010
    12. 12. MAP OF VILLAGES AND SESAN COMMUNE, OU YA DAV DISTRICT, RATANAKIRI ( RESEARCH SITE)
    13. 13. Map of Phluk commune, Sesan District, Stung Treng ( Research Site)
    14. 14. Initial Research Findings <ul><li>Ministries responsibilities and decision making on Hydropower development in Cambodia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MIME: Strategy and Planning, reporting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MOWRAM: Monitoring on compliance of licenses for water use and construction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MOE: EIA and Facilitating public consultation and Participation . </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. Initial Research Findings <ul><li>Ministries responsibilities and decision making on Hydropower development in Cambodia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>EDC: Development and management process of electricity energy. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EAC: issue license, tariff setting and regulation. </li></ul></ul>
    16. 16. Initial Research Findings <ul><li>Ministries responsibilities and decision making on Hydropower development in Cambodia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>EDC: Development and management process of electricity energy. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EAC: issue license, tariff setting and regulation. </li></ul></ul>
    17. 17. Proposed Hydropower Dam on 3S Rivers, Sesan, Srey Kong and Srey Pok, Mekong ’ s tributaries JICA, April, 2007 No Name Stung Treng Ratanakiri Installed Capacity MW Annual Energy production (GWh/yr) Year of Commission Statue Financial Assistance 1 Sesan River 420 MW Unknown 2018? proposed Dam US$510 M 2 Sre Pok River 90 MW ? -- a/n 3 Stung Treng 980MW Unknown 2020 -- Unknown 4 Lower Sre Po II (ST) 222 MW N/A N/A -- Unknown 5 Lower Sesan II (ST) 207 MW -- -- Feasibility Study a/n 6 Lower Se San III (RTK) 375 MW -- -- -- -- 7 Lower Sre Por III (RTK) 330 MW -- -- Proposed Dam a/n
    18. 18. Kimkong, 2007. Approval/feasibility Study Stage on Domestic Hydropower Dam No Name Installed Capacity MW Annual Energy production (GWh/yr) Year of Commission Statue Financial Assistance 1 Stung Atai, Koh Kong 120MW 479 million (KWhr/yr) 2012 Construction Approved CYC/ 2 Stung Chay Areng, Koh Kong 180 MW Unknown 2015? Feasibility Study SCG 3 Krayang, Lower Tatai, Koh Kong 110 MW 588 2012 Feasibility study CHMC/ 4 Ta Tai, Koh Kong 190 MW Unknown 2015 Feasibility Study CHMC/ 5 O’Som Tatai, Pursat 80 MW 426 2010 Feasibility Study SCG/ ? 6 Stung Kamchay, Kampot 193MW 498 2010 Under construction Sinohydro/ 7 O’rom Chan O’rom , Mondokiri 173KW Unknown Unknown Under constructed Kon and NIPPON KOEI firms, Japanese
    19. 19. HYDROPOWER DECISION MAKING AND NOTIFICATION LETTER PROCESS ON SESAN RIVER Vietnam Hydropower Dam Project Company CNMC Ministries Provinces Governors Department lines District Offices Office at districts Communes Affected Communities and villages VNMC Noticed that the notification letter undertake a long process with hierarchy administrations of government offices in order to take action and its responsibility. It takes about several weeks in whole process to reach at affected communities. The slowness is not because of the delivery yet it is because of check and verify and translation works. As a result, it leads to process take several weeks as there is nobody who is in charge directly in this work. Diagram 1: Flowing of official notification letter
    20. 20. Hydropower dam Projects VNMC MRC CNMC . Ministries Districts Communes Ministry Lines in Vietnam Provinces Indirect news Departments Offices Villages Civil Society/NGOs Source: field work consultation with key informants, 2010 Diagram Notification information/letters flow formally
    21. 21. Vietnam hydropower company Police border Posts Commune and village head men Villager Households Households Diagram of informal notification process Source: Group discussion at village/Ratanakiri, 2011.
    22. 22. Thank you

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