Study on Chinese policy research and policy making ---taking 12th Five-Year Plan (FYP) as an example Ma Wenhui Peking Univ...
OUTLINE <ul><li>WHAT are Chinese policy research agencies? </li></ul><ul><li>WHAT are the policies related to hydropower a...
Chinese policy research agencies <ul><li>In 2009, 2500 policy research agencies or think tanks  35,000 researchers </li></ul>
Classification  <ul><li>1.  Non-governmental policy research agencies  </li></ul><ul><li>2. Academically affiliated policy...
1. Non-governmental policy research agencies <ul><li>Non-governmental policy agencies emerged in the 1980s.  </li></ul><ul...
2. academically affiliated policy research agencies( academic think tank) <ul><li>Chinese Academy of Social Science (centr...
3. Policy research agencies under  Ministries and provincial governments( governmental think tank) <ul><li>Communist party...
4.Policy research agencies under Central Committee of CPC and the State Council <ul><li>Development Research Center of the...
12th Five Year Plan <ul><li>What is 12th Five Year plan? </li></ul><ul><li>Why is it  important to China? </li></ul><ul><l...
12th Five Year Plan  <ul><li>Since 1951, 2011-2015 </li></ul><ul><li>12th Five Year plan for National Economy and Social D...
Improve Food Security from all Aspects  <ul><li>Goal: increase the  production capacity to 540 million tons. </li></ul><ul...
problem <ul><li>1. shortage of arable land and fresh water resources  </li></ul><ul><li>2. rigid growth of food demand wit...
Measures  <ul><li>1.modernize agriculture, develop technology-intensive, informationized  and machine-dependent agricultur...
Hydropower  <ul><li>On the condition of protecting ecology, we should develop actively hydropower as prescribed in 12th Fi...
Hydropower  <ul><li>The installed capacity of key hydropower station is 74.021 million kilowatt in the 11th Five Year Plan...
7 steps  <ul><li>1. Assessment on 11th FYP( March,2008 to December,2008) </li></ul><ul><li>By Various Ministries and depar...
Hydropower  <ul><li>diversified and clean energy  </li></ul><ul><li>on the condition of ecological protection and resident...
Assessment by independent party  <ul><li>Development research center of the State Council, National Conditions research ce...
<ul><li>Middle assessment report for the implementation of 11th FYP on 24 th , December,2008 was submitted by National Dev...
2. Early Research (end of 2008 to end of 2009) <ul><li>Basic field research, information collection, topic research and th...
<ul><li>Collective, comprehensive and competitive policy researches.   </li></ul>
3. The basic outline of 12th FYP(Dec,2009 to Feb,2010)  <ul><li>Report by NDRC and president Hu Jintao, premier stated tha...
4. Draft version of proposal on the 12th FYP (Feb,2010 to Dec,2010)  <ul><li>Proposal writing team under the leadership of...
5. Pass the proposal  <ul><li>Major objective, guideline, principle and major task .(soul)  </li></ul>
6. Discussion on the outline of 12th FYP  <ul><li>1. Dec,2010 National Reform and Development meeting ---information shari...
7. Deliberation and approval by National People’s conference (Mar.2011) and the announcement of 12th FYP <ul><li>Legitimat...
<ul><li>Initiator  </li></ul><ul><li>Counselor  </li></ul><ul><li>Supervisor  </li></ul>
<ul><li>Thank you  </li></ul>
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Study on Chinese policy research and policy making-taking the Five-Year Plan (FYP) as an example

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By Ma Wenhui, Peking University, National Reform and Development Commission of PRC

Presented at the Mekong Forum on Water, Food and Energy Phnom Penh, Cambodia December 7-9, 2011 Session 6a: The role of research: How does research influence the ways in which water, food and energy development decisions are made?

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  • 包括客观的批评意见,同时各自提出下一步实施规划的政策建议,作为国家发展和改革委员会起草中期评估报告的重要参考,充分体现公共政策实施评估的专业化、国际化以及独立性和客观性。 这不仅在中国是首次,而且在国际上也是首次。 包括客观的批评意见,同时各自提出下一步实施规划的政策建议,作为国家发展和改革委员会起草中期评估报告的重要参考,充分体现公共政策实施评估的专业化、国际化以及独立性和客观性。 这不仅在中国是首次,而且在国际上也是首次。
  • .
  • 多对一 最重要的选题,《“十二五”规划总体思路和目标研究》,共委托了国家信息中心、国家发展和改革委员会宏观经济研究院、国家行政学院、清华大学国情研究中心四家进行独立研究,于 2009 年 9~10 月提交报告。
  • 2010 年 10 月正式召开中共十七届五中全会
  • Study on Chinese policy research and policy making-taking the Five-Year Plan (FYP) as an example

    1. 1. Study on Chinese policy research and policy making ---taking 12th Five-Year Plan (FYP) as an example Ma Wenhui Peking University National Reform and Development Commission of PRC
    2. 2. OUTLINE <ul><li>WHAT are Chinese policy research agencies? </li></ul><ul><li>WHAT are the policies related to hydropower and food in Chinese 12th Five Year Plan? </li></ul><ul><li>HOW is the 12th Five year plan made? </li></ul>
    3. 3. Chinese policy research agencies <ul><li>In 2009, 2500 policy research agencies or think tanks 35,000 researchers </li></ul>
    4. 4. Classification <ul><li>1. Non-governmental policy research agencies </li></ul><ul><li>2. Academically affiliated policy research agencies( academic think tank) </li></ul><ul><li>3. Policy research agencies under Ministries and provincial governments( governmental think tank) </li></ul><ul><li>4. Policy research agencies under Central Committee of CPC and the State Council( supreme think tank) </li></ul>
    5. 5. 1. Non-governmental policy research agencies <ul><li>Non-governmental policy agencies emerged in the 1980s. </li></ul><ul><li>Comprehensive agencies like public policy research center of Chinese Economic Reform </li></ul><ul><li>Field-related agencies like Tianze Economic research agency, 21st century education research agency,etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Researchers are part-time and bonded by common interests. </li></ul>
    6. 6. 2. academically affiliated policy research agencies( academic think tank) <ul><li>Chinese Academy of Social Science (central, provincial and municipal) </li></ul><ul><li>University-affiliated research agencies </li></ul><ul><li>2263 universities and colleges </li></ul><ul><li>479 universities with graduate schools </li></ul>
    7. 7. 3. Policy research agencies under Ministries and provincial governments( governmental think tank) <ul><li>Communist party institute and national school of administration </li></ul><ul><li>Policy research office and counselor’s office </li></ul><ul><li>Institute-affiliated research agencies like academy of macroeconomic research under NDRC, Shanghai international affairs research agency </li></ul>
    8. 8. 4.Policy research agencies under Central Committee of CPC and the State Council <ul><li>Development Research Center of the State Council </li></ul><ul><li>Counselors’ Office of the State Council </li></ul><ul><li>Research Office of the State Council </li></ul><ul><li>Policy Research Office, CCCPC </li></ul>
    9. 9. 12th Five Year Plan <ul><li>What is 12th Five Year plan? </li></ul><ul><li>Why is it important to China? </li></ul><ul><li>How is it made? </li></ul>
    10. 10. 12th Five Year Plan <ul><li>Since 1951, 2011-2015 </li></ul><ul><li>12th Five Year plan for National Economy and Social Development </li></ul><ul><li>Structural adjustment </li></ul><ul><li>Food and hydropower </li></ul>
    11. 11. Improve Food Security from all Aspects <ul><li>Goal: increase the production capacity to 540 million tons. </li></ul><ul><li>310millon tons increase in 11th Five year plan over 10th Five Year Plan </li></ul>
    12. 12. problem <ul><li>1. shortage of arable land and fresh water resources </li></ul><ul><li>2. rigid growth of food demand with increase of total population and urban population as well as industrial use </li></ul><ul><li>3. limited disaster relief in agriculture, eg climate and natural disasters </li></ul><ul><li>4. international competition </li></ul>
    13. 13. Measures <ul><li>1.modernize agriculture, develop technology-intensive, informationized and machine-dependent agriculture. </li></ul><ul><li>2.implement 50 billion kilograms food project, increase input and compensation for the major food production region and build them into large scale commercial food production base </li></ul><ul><li>3. implement strict arable land protection regulation and land conservation regulation </li></ul><ul><li>4. Strengthen agricultural infrastructure construction. </li></ul><ul><li>5. Build up good storage and protection system. Improve ability to deal with emergency. </li></ul>
    14. 14. Hydropower <ul><li>On the condition of protecting ecology, we should develop actively hydropower as prescribed in 12th Five Year Plan. </li></ul><ul><li>   Hydropower production is mainly in Jinsha river, Dadu river, Lancang river and the upstream of Yellow river. </li></ul>
    15. 15. Hydropower <ul><li>The installed capacity of key hydropower station is 74.021 million kilowatt in the 11th Five Year Plan. Many large scale hydropower projects are in southwestern part of China. Considering the issues related to ecology, security and residents relocation, Chinese government slowed down the development. </li></ul><ul><li>By the end of 2009, the permitted capacity is 200.3million kilowatt, using only 27.1% of the total 装机容量 . </li></ul>
    16. 16. 7 steps <ul><li>1. Assessment on 11th FYP( March,2008 to December,2008) </li></ul><ul><li>By Various Ministries and departments </li></ul><ul><li>By provincial governments </li></ul><ul><li>By independent third party </li></ul>
    17. 17. Hydropower <ul><li>diversified and clean energy </li></ul><ul><li>on the condition of ecological protection and residents resettlement, we should actively develop hydropower and promote building of large-scale hydropower stations in the Southwestern region. Develop hydropower of small-and-medium-size rivers and construct the pumped-storage power station 。 It’s planned to have 41million kilowatt installed capacity of hydropower. It is the cost-intensive and technology-intensive complicated systematical project. </li></ul>
    18. 18. Assessment by independent party <ul><li>Development research center of the State Council, National Conditions research center of Tsinghua University and Chinese branch office of World Bank submit the assessment reports. </li></ul><ul><li>Criticism, suggestions </li></ul><ul><li>Professionalism, internationalism, independence and objectivity </li></ul>
    19. 19. <ul><li>Middle assessment report for the implementation of 11th FYP on 24 th , December,2008 was submitted by National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) to NPC together with independent assessment reports. </li></ul>
    20. 20. 2. Early Research (end of 2008 to end of 2009) <ul><li>Basic field research, information collection, topic research and the feasibility discussion of the major project. </li></ul><ul><li>Open bidding of 39 topics in 8 areas by NDRC to the public. It issued the topic choosing guideline of the 12th FYP. Related to problems of restricting social and economic development, like changing economic development, balancing urban and rural development. Applicants need to seek the approaches, direction and policy suggestions to solve the problem. </li></ul>
    21. 21. <ul><li>Collective, comprehensive and competitive policy researches. </li></ul>
    22. 22. 3. The basic outline of 12th FYP(Dec,2009 to Feb,2010) <ul><li>Report by NDRC and president Hu Jintao, premier stated that the major them is to adjust economic pattern </li></ul><ul><li>Bottom to top </li></ul>
    23. 23. 4. Draft version of proposal on the 12th FYP (Feb,2010 to Dec,2010) <ul><li>Proposal writing team under the leadership of vice premier comprise the research office of the State council, NDRC and various ministries </li></ul><ul><li>Study materials form research team to carry out field research proposal writing </li></ul>
    24. 24. 5. Pass the proposal <ul><li>Major objective, guideline, principle and major task .(soul) </li></ul>
    25. 25. 6. Discussion on the outline of 12th FYP <ul><li>1. Dec,2010 National Reform and Development meeting ---information sharing </li></ul><ul><li>2. Assessment by National planning experts committee consisting of 37 experts like economists, technicians, scientists and entrepreneurs.(Oct.2010---Jan.2011) </li></ul><ul><li>3. Public hearing, open website by NDPC and 座谈会 by the State Council </li></ul>
    26. 26. 7. Deliberation and approval by National People’s conference (Mar.2011) and the announcement of 12th FYP <ul><li>Legitimate </li></ul>
    27. 27. <ul><li>Initiator </li></ul><ul><li>Counselor </li></ul><ul><li>Supervisor </li></ul>
    28. 28. <ul><li>Thank you </li></ul>

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