Water Governance in Contract Farming: A Comparative Study Between Huay Luang River Basin in Thailand and Nam Ngum River Basin in Laos
Water Governance in Contract Farming: A Comparative Study between Huay Luang river basin in Thailand and Nam Ngum river basin in Laos Mekong Forum on Water, Food and Energy. Hanoi, Vietnam, November 13-14, 2012 Panpilai Sukhonthasindhu M-POWER, third call
Objectives• to study the change process of the resources utilization, water use patterns in intensified or commercialized agriculture.• to understand conditions which are drivers, constraints, potentials, and opportunities in which local users choose to respond, negotiate or accommodate to those changes in two countries where socio-economic conditions differ.• It is anticipated that the research will identify development policy gaps and opportunities for policy making process.
research questions• How does Contract Farming in the study areas have impacts on the competing water utilization, livelihoods, socio-economic and cultures of the local users in the two selected river basins of the study area?• How do local users’ knowledge and practices be integrated into water policy process and be reflected in practical water governance?• How do the process of social interactions and dialogues among different stake-holders in negotiating be led to institutional arrangement for water governance?
Na Nang sub-district, study area 132 square kms Population 12,266 Household: 2,500 Land use :Wetland (Second Rice growing) 72 sq. km. :Ag. Land Reform 15.2 sq. km. :Annual Rice (Rubber) 28.8 sq.km :Other 16 sq.kmLegend River Ag. Land Reform 4-01 Second Rice Annual Rice sub-district Phonphisai Water gate
Presentation of participatory resource assessment
Preliminary findingsFour main issues identified-Land use change impacts greatly on water use-The deterioration of wetland ecosystem- More vulnerability as risk area (no retentioncommon area)-The resilience of the community towards externaldrivers such as climate change, market ledeconomy