Gender and hydropower


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3rd Mekong Forum on Water, Food & Energy 2013. Presentation from Session 8: What we have learned over the last year about balancing the gender scales in hydropower development.

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Gender and hydropower

  1. 1. Gender in hydropower MK 13 and MK10 Page 1
  2. 2. Gender & hydropower MK13 CPWF – Water, Food and Energy Oxfam team Hanoi November 20 2013
  3. 3. Overview 1. Gender Justice in Hydropower - project overview 2. Process 3. Tools and findings
  4. 4. Our process Page 4
  5. 5. Gender impact assessment in hydropower – how can it help? Gender Assessment and analysis can help: • Avoid, minimize, mitigate and compensate negative impacts • Ensure hydropower respects the rights of men and women (Understanding) • Promotes women’s empowerment and participation (Empowerment) • Increases equitable access to, and control over, benefits (Sustainable outcomes) Page 5
  6. 6. Gender impact assessment a step-by step process Sex Sex disaggregated disaggregated baseline baseline Audit Audit Review Review Understand Understand Context Context Identify Identify issues issues Gender Gender Action Action plan plan Page 6 Women’s Women’s interests interests and and aspirations aspirations
  7. 7. Gender Impact Assessment – tools and checklists • Gender impact assessement tools for hydro in Mekong context • Checklists that can be used across different stages of the project cycle Page 7
  8. 8. Collecting gender baseline and understanding the gender impacts Pre – project Understand the river and how men and women use and value the river – consider transboundary Project •Gather sex disaggregated data for your project •Understand the context – roles, responsibilities, power •Assess the impacts the dam will bring •Talk to women and men about their needs and aspirations Check back with communities – men and women - on your findings and assessments Page 8
  9. 9. Gender action planning Use your gender impact assessment to develop a gender action plan Make sure it is resourced; Staff are trained - include women and gender experts Stand alone gender action and implementation plan Incorporate into other management and implementation plans. eg: -Environmental management plan -Resettlement action plan -Indigenous peoples management plan -Livelihood restitution Page 9
  10. 10. Positive gender outcomes It is important that a project developer and government counterparts regularly audit and review plans. •Independent expert led reviews and audits; publicly reported •Community led review and audit. Assess the outcomes from point of view of women, men and communities. Adjust plans and budgets Page 10
  11. 11. Incorporating gender is not rocket science Page 11
  12. 12. Small group questions (1) 1. How can research inform better gender practice in hydropower and how can women be involved in the research? 2. How can government include gender considerations in hydropower? Think about the different stages of a project – planning, construction and operation. What role can other stakeholders take in this process? 3. How can developers include gender considerations in hydropower? Think about the different stages of a project – planning, construction and operation. What role can other stakeholders take in this process? Page 13
  13. 13. Small group questions (2) 4. How should women contribute to planning, implementation and assessing outcomes in resettlement? 5. How can indigenous women’s interests be better incorporated into hydropower planning? What are the barriers and what could we do about them? 6. What approaches can be adopted to allow for meaningful participation of women? What would help women gain greater access to information and be involved in consultations? 7. Women are marginalized in many cultures. How could a hydropower project affect gender power relations? Page 14