CAMBODIAN PERSPECTIVES:
THE TRANS-BOUNDARY NOTIFICATION
PROCESS OF HYDROPOWER ON THE SESAN
RIVER
3rd Mekong Forum on Water...
Contents
•
•
•
•

Map
Research Objectives
Chronological Events
Key Actors in practical procedure in
notification process [...
Map of Cambodia

Source: FACT

3
Research Questions
1) Examine practical procedures on notification
process at different levels ( Local community
to nation...
Chronological Events
… 2006

2009

2012…

• Crops, agricultural production, rice
fields
• Livestock, fish stock and water ...
Key Actors in practical procedure in the formal
notification process
Dam
Operators

VNMC

Problems
Problems
••Lostin trans...
Key actors in practical procedure notification process

Issues:
•Not reliable information
•Dependent on volunteers

7
Challenges
• Equal Benefits [Food, water and Energy]
• Formal and informal notification
process;
• Unclear roles of Key Ac...
Questions:
• Why not use simple technology (such as a website or
MMS service, loudspeaker, radio)?
• What mechanisms are n...
Thank you

10
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Cambodian perspectives ham kimkong

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3rd Mekong Forum on Water, Food & Energy 2013. Presentation from Session 2: Cross Border Dialogue: understanding how to best manage the transboundary benefits and costs of hydropower development within the Water-Food-Energy Nexus

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  • Cambodian perspectives ham kimkong

    1. 1. CAMBODIAN PERSPECTIVES: THE TRANS-BOUNDARY NOTIFICATION PROCESS OF HYDROPOWER ON THE SESAN RIVER 3rd Mekong Forum on Water, Food and Energy 19-21 Nov, Hanoi- Viet Nam Ham Kimkong Royal University of Phnom Penh (RUPP) Department of Environmental Science ( DES) 1
    2. 2. Contents • • • • Map Research Objectives Chronological Events Key Actors in practical procedure in notification process [formal and informal] • Challenges • Questions 2
    3. 3. Map of Cambodia Source: FACT 3
    4. 4. Research Questions 1) Examine practical procedures on notification process at different levels ( Local community to nation and region levels) 2) Explore key actors in arrangements on the notification process, greatly impacts on local communities 3) Identify challenges in trans-boundary notification process. 4
    5. 5. Chronological Events … 2006 2009 2012… • Crops, agricultural production, rice fields • Livestock, fish stock and water quality • Damaged property • 72 cows, pigs • 9 buffaloes • Assets ( Agricultural facilities), Boats and • Houses, Bicycles, • Boats , Rice stocks • Electric devices Problems: Problems:  Affected villagers do not get notification/early warning  Affected villagers do not get notification/early warning  After Dam built, the dam operator and VN government did  After Dam built, the dam operator and VN government did not aware of several flooding impact on downstream not aware of several flooding impact on downstream communities along the Sesan river. communities along the Sesan river. 5
    6. 6. Key Actors in practical procedure in the formal notification process Dam Operators VNMC Problems Problems ••Lostin translation Lost in translation ••Informationtakes too much time to reach Information takes too much time to reach stakeholders stakeholders ••Noclear ownership of responsibility No clear ownership of responsibility ••Notmandatory Not mandatory ••Nomeeting of committee No meeting of committee Villages CNMC Line Ministries Provincial Departments District s/Offices Communes 6
    7. 7. Key actors in practical procedure notification process Issues: •Not reliable information •Dependent on volunteers 7
    8. 8. Challenges • Equal Benefits [Food, water and Energy] • Formal and informal notification process; • Unclear roles of Key Actors [ limited resources, Cooperation and truth] • No guarantees of the informal notification process [ lack of facilities, uncertainty of news]. 8
    9. 9. Questions: • Why not use simple technology (such as a website or MMS service, loudspeaker, radio)? • What mechanisms are needed for emergencies? • What mechanisms are needed for planned releases? • What impedes the implementation of these mechanisms? 9
    10. 10. Thank you 10

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