7. cooperations through iwrm for better water governance,northeast thailand. pechladda pechpakdee


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3rd Mekong Forum on Water, Food & Energy. Presentation from Sessions 4 & 6: M-POWER Solutions for Mekong Region Governance

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7. cooperations through iwrm for better water governance,northeast thailand. pechladda pechpakdee

  1. 1. Cooperations through IWRM for better water governance, a case study of Chi River basin of the Northeast Thailand Pechladda Pechpakdee Faculty of Architecture, Urban Design, and Creative Arts Mahasarakham University, Thailand
  2. 2. IWRM (The Integrated Water Resource Management) The Global Water Partnership (GWP); IWRM is “a process which promotes the coordinated development and management of water, land and related resources, in order to maximize the resultant economic and social welfare in an equitable manner without compromising the sustainability of vital ecosystems”. GWP is a group of experience professionals that has been taking the lead in promotion and implementation of IWRM through a worldwide network that pulls together financial, technical, policy, and human resources to address the critical issues of sustainable water management .(http://www.gwp.org)
  3. 3. Argument on IWRM Biswas (2008) argues that This definition,on a first reading, appears broad, allencompassing and, perhaps even impressive, at least linguistically. How ever, such lofty phrases, when scrutinized carefully and objectively, have little practical resonance on the present,or on future water management practices (Biswas 2008, p.8).
  4. 4. Map of the Mun and Chi Rivers in Thailand, tributary to the Mekong. Background and river course data from http://www2.demis.nl/mapserver/mapper.asp
  5. 5. Study setting This study seeks to illuminate centralized practice from the government officials and the weakness of cooperation from various key agencies and the villagers. State Regional Level Local Level
  6. 6. Rural livelihoods approach; A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets (stores, resources, claims and access) and activities required for a means of living; a livelihood is sustainable which can cope with and recover from stress and shocks, maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets, and provide sustainable livelihood opportunities for the next generation; and which contributes net benefits to other livelihoods at the local and global levels and in the short and long-term (Chambers and Conway 1992, p 7). In the livelihoods framework, assets are typically divided into five capitals including natural capital, physical capital, human capital, financial capital, social capital (DFID 1999).
  7. 7. Merry et al.(2005) argues that To link lWRM and livelihood approach is important since both governments and NGOs tend to focus communities with a single-dimension for water supply for domestic purposes; or an irrigation scheme. However, communities have multiple needs: water for personal uses, agriculture, livestock, fishing, laundry, small businesses like brick making (Merry et al. 2005, p.200.
  8. 8. Research methodology Area Based Research Method Interviews Mapping Observation Participatory Action Research (PAR) and Focused group
  9. 9. Three case studies, as follows: The first case study is Ban Makock, Kantharavichai district, Mahasarakham province, is the most severe case for flood stagnant in 2011. In dry season, this village has also encountered with drought problem. The second village is Ban Don Nhong, is situated near Ban Makock and also faced the same problem of both flood and drought. The last case study is Ban Don Man,is located far away from Chi River and those two case studies, however, this village is in the same sub –district, Tambon Khamrieng. One major problem is drought problem. Chi River
  10. 10. Findings: Problems and conditions Power issue and role of agencies IWRM with rare case studies The dynamic of water issue MOI Provincial Authority Organisation Tambon Authority Organisation MOAC Governor in provincial Halll Local admin & construction MONRE Royal Irrigation Department Department of Water Resource Irrigation Local People & Areas Water issue planning Water resource R B O
  11. 11. Policy Recommendations Macro Level 1. The revolution of cooperation between bureaucratic structure : Ministry of Interior, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, and Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment 2. Cooperation between macro level and micro level through Provincial Authority Organization 3. To raise the awareness of water is the dynamic issue which needs holistic approach and flexible plans to cope with shock Micro level 1. To empower local authority, Provincial Authority Organisation and Tambon Authority Organisation , for the cooperation of water issue. 2. The deterritorialisation of administrative area for water resource management