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Principles and practices to integrate livestockinto rainwater management: an example from             the Blue Nile Basin ...
Outline of the presentation Livestock-rain water management  integration :perspectives Opportunities and challenges Key...
Why integrating livestock? Blue Nile : >90% is  rainfed agriculture Livestock is an  important sources of  livelihoods: ...
Why integrating livestock?High unproductivewater losses : withall associatedimpactsGrazing lands areimportant sourcesof un...
Why integrating livestock?CWP gaps aregenerally enormous!This has a negativeimplications for H2Ouse efficiencies in therai...
Opportunities and challenges                   WP vis a vis MUS                                Sustainable Water Resources...
Opportunities and challenges     Principles for integration of livestock     into RWMsImproving the WP feeds:on crops, gra...
Opportunities and challenges        Practices to integrate livestock into        RWMs             Practices               ...
Opportunities and challenges        Practices to integrate livestock into        RWMs         Practices                   ...
Key messagesIntegrating livestock intorainwater management is ameans to increase systemWPIntegration needs to be builton p...
Principles and practices to integrate livestock into rainwater management: an example from the Blue Nile Basin
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Principles and practices to integrate livestock into rainwater management: an example from the Blue Nile Basin

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Presentation: Amare Haileslassie (and Alan Duncan, Don Peden, Teklu Erkossa, Bharat Sharma, Charlotte MacAllister)

The International Forum on Water and Food (IFWF) is the premier gathering of water and food scientists working on improving water management for agricultural production in developing countries.

The CGIAR Challenge Program for Water and Food (CPWF) represents one of the most comprehensive investments in the world on water, food and environment research.The Forum explores how the CPWF research-for-development (R4D) approach can address water and food challenges through a combination of process, institutional and technical innovations.

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Principles and practices to integrate livestock into rainwater management: an example from the Blue Nile Basin

  1. 1. Principles and practices to integrate livestockinto rainwater management: an example from the Blue Nile Basin Amare Haileslassie, Alan Duncan, DonPeden, Teklu Erkossa, Bharat Sharma, Charlotte MacAlister CPWF IFWF3, Tshwane, South Africa, Nov14-17
  2. 2. Outline of the presentation Livestock-rain water management integration :perspectives Opportunities and challenges Key messages
  3. 3. Why integrating livestock? Blue Nile : >90% is rainfed agriculture Livestock is an important sources of livelihoods: but also major users of land & H2O This role is intensifying and putting pressure Potential of rainfed agriculture on already scarce water resources
  4. 4. Why integrating livestock?High unproductivewater losses : withall associatedimpactsGrazing lands areimportant sourcesof unproductivewater losses
  5. 5. Why integrating livestock?CWP gaps aregenerally enormous!This has a negativeimplications for H2Ouse efficiencies in therainfed mixed crop-livestock systemsHow to fill thesegaps?
  6. 6. Opportunities and challenges WP vis a vis MUS Sustainable Water Resources Utilization for Livelihoods and Ecosystem Services Multiple Increased Conversio Use Multiple Improve n Practices Uses of d Water Efficiency Water Producti (livestock) Services vity Increased Improve Multiple Water d Water Use of Availability the Uptake for Infrastru by plant plant/anim cture al /ecosysteSchematic flow diagram showing the link of MUS, ecosystem services and water productivity
  7. 7. Opportunities and challenges Principles for integration of livestock into RWMsImproving the WP feeds:on crops, grazing andforest landEnhancing efficient usesof feed resourcesproduced under waterproductive environment
  8. 8. Opportunities and challenges Practices to integrate livestock into RWMs Practices Potential impactsCut off drains in valley bottoms Enhances speciesgrazing lands, crop land on vertisols diversity, feed quality & productive use of waterGrazing management, enclosures, Reduces compaction;improved management of CPR Increases infiltration; (Fogera biomass yield up 400% ( IPMS))Cut and carry system Saves H2O >300m3/cow/yearPost harvest management ( e.g. feed quality and quantity)
  9. 9. Opportunities and challenges Practices to integrate livestock into RWMs Practices Potential impactsSelection of quality feed, Higher quality feed saves water (urea treatment, chopping ~120m3/cow/year)which can be usedof course crop residues ; for ecosystem services ( CO2improved feed storage & sequestration) & enhances nutrientweed control. turnoverInstitutional support and Improves regional & systems watercreation of incentive productivitymechanisms for localinitiatives of virtual water Links upstream-downstreamtrading communityAnimal management: Increased benefits & resources useBreeding, AI, Vet services, efficiencyquality water supply
  10. 10. Key messagesIntegrating livestock intorainwater management is ameans to increase systemWPIntegration needs to be builton principles of improving Water loss from irrigation canalH2O productivity of feed &enhancing efficient uses ofthe H2O productive feedResearch focus: linking LWPand MUS and targetingparactices

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