A Partner
of
Performance of innovation platforms in
crop-livestock agro-ecosystems of the
Volta basin in Burkina Faso
Ayan...
Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta
Main Message
• IP approach relevant and important for effective
linkages ...
Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta
Background & Purpose
• Linear approach to agricultural innovation has had...
Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta
IPs are an example of just doing that
Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta
Principles of IPs
1. Representative and inclusive coalition of actors in
...
Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta
Project context and focus of study
• IP in V2 project : Mechanism for ada...
Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta
Methodology
• Monitoring of IPs established in Koubri and
Ouahigouya, Bur...
Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta
Outcomes
0
5
10
Access to
information
Access to
inputs
Access to
credit
C...
Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta
Outcomes
0
5
10
Access to
information
Access to
inputs
Access to
credit
C...
Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta
Participation
35
32
34
30
42
30
26
35
24
29
34
31
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
4...
Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta
Participation
74 78 82 83
74 70
26 22 18 17
26 30
0
20
40
60
80
100
Mar-1...
Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta
Participation
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
%ofTotalParticipants
IP Actor's Grou...
Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta
Activities
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Training Soil & Water
conservation
Linkage t...
Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta
IP processes
IP Location IP meeting &
number of
respondent
Indicators of ...
Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta
IP processes
IP Location IP meeting &
number of
respondent
Indicators of ...
Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta
IP processes
In general
• Overall, scores for the six indicators increase...
Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta
Lessons
• IP approach improves linkages between different actors
for bett...
Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta
Merci
Thank You
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Performance of innovation platforms in crop livestock agro-ecosystems of the volta basin in burkina faso

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by A.A. Ayantunde, K. Swaans, H. Some, P. Pali, S. Douxchamps and K. Ouattara
Presented at the Final Volta Basin Development Challenge Science Workshop, September 2013

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  • Number of participants were reduced after the second IP meetings to 2 to 4 focal persons per stakeholder group
  • -Participantion at the IP meetings was male dominated - cultural factors as well as pertinence of the issues addressed at the meetings to women
  • -Producers accounted for 35 to 60% of the participants at the IP meetings - Domination by producers could also be explained by the fact that in any value chain, there is a need to focus initially on increasing production to satisfy market demand.
  • -Innovative aspect: collective implementation of these activities by members from different communities and the involvement of the technical agents providing necessary advisory services. - Linkages to services essentially entailed linking certain actors to another in the IP and this specifically involved linking the producers to technical services
  • Performance of innovation platforms in crop livestock agro-ecosystems of the volta basin in burkina faso

    1. 1. A Partner of Performance of innovation platforms in crop-livestock agro-ecosystems of the Volta basin in Burkina Faso Ayantunde A.A., Swaans K., Some H., Pali P., Douxchamps S. and K. Ouattara
    2. 2. Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta Main Message • IP approach relevant and important for effective linkages between different actors for better access to technical and financial services, and for building capacity of the members. • A systematic monitoring and documentation of IP activities is indispensable for assessment of its performance, and this should be accorded the right place in the running of the IPs.
    3. 3. Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta Background & Purpose • Linear approach to agricultural innovation has had limited success; complex process, multiple sources of knowledge (Leeuwis, 2004) • Productivity increases through improved technologies do not necessarily translate into improvement in livelihood of the rural poor (Hounkonnou, 2012). Need for system approach for agricultural innovation, which is: inclusive, participatory, and takes into account the socio-economic and institutional context
    4. 4. Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta IPs are an example of just doing that
    5. 5. Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta Principles of IPs 1. Representative and inclusive coalition of actors in the livestock value chain to bring about change 2. A nonlinear collective and collaborative interaction among actors (interaction, communication, knowledge sharing; experiential learning, relies on internal M&E for continual corrective feedback) 3. Innovation addresses key constraints and opportunities agreed by the IP in the context of entire value chains and sustainable livelihood systems 4. Innovation process is participatory and involves multiple actors with different competencies 5. Institutional and human capacity building for VC actors to effectively participate
    6. 6. Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta Project context and focus of study • IP in V2 project : Mechanism for adaptive management and capacity building of actors to access and use relevant knowledge for VC development • Facilitation by SNV/FNGN, backstopping from ILRI Koubri Ouahigouya Annual rainfall 800mm 600 mm Major livestock species Sheep, goat, cattle Sheep, goat, cattle Major crop species Sorghum, millet, maize, cowpea, groundnut Sorghum, millet, cowpea Market access Very good Moderate
    7. 7. Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta Methodology • Monitoring of IPs established in Koubri and Ouahigouya, Burkina Faso (March 2012 – June 2013) • IP meetings every quarter (8 meetings so far) • Tools used: • IP register, IP activity report and members assessment of IP performance • Assessment focused on the IP functioning: • Consistency of participation; relevance/interest of IP issues; participation in decision making; information exchange; facilitation ; perceived benefit
    8. 8. Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta Outcomes 0 5 10 Access to information Access to inputs Access to credit Capacity development Soil & water management Increased production Access to market CROP F. LIVESTOCK F. Members’ assessment of IP performance in Koubri
    9. 9. Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta Outcomes 0 5 10 Access to information Access to inputs Access to credit Capacity development Soil & water management Increased production Access to market CROP F. LIVESTOCK F. Members’ assessment of IP performance in Ouahigouya
    10. 10. Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta Participation 35 32 34 30 42 30 26 35 24 29 34 31 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 Mar-12 Jun-12 Sep-12 Dec-12 Mar-13 Jun-13 NumberofParticipant IP Meeting date Koubri Ouahigouya Participants at first (June/July 2011) and second IP (December 2011) meetings ranged from 65 to 97 in Koubri and Ouahigouya
    11. 11. Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta Participation 74 78 82 83 74 70 26 22 18 17 26 30 0 20 40 60 80 100 Mar-12 Jun-12 Sep-12 Dec-12 Mar-13 Jun-13 %ofTotalParticipant IP Meeting date Male FemaleKoubri 62 74 79 79 79 74 38 26 21 21 21 26 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Mar-12 Jun-12 Sep-12 Dec-12 Mar-13 Jun-13 %ofTotalParticipant IP Meeting date Male FemaleOuahigouya
    12. 12. Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta Participation 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 %ofTotalParticipants IP Actor's Group Mar-12 Jun-12 Sep-12 Dec-12 Mar-13 Jun-13 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 %ofTotalParticipants Actor's Group Mar-12 Jun-12 Sep-12 Dec-12 Mar-13 Jun-13 Ouahigouya Koubri
    13. 13. Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta Activities 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Training Soil & Water conservation Linkage to services Supply of agric inputs Estab. of community association Group marketing Animal management Post harvest management Frequency(no.reported) Major Acivity carried out Koubri Ouahigouya
    14. 14. Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta IP processes IP Location IP meeting & number of respondent Indicators of IP performance Understanding of IP goals & issues Participation in decision making Information flow and sharing among actors Conflict resolution Quality of facilitation of IP Benefit of IP Koubri Mar 2012; n=31ǂ 3.89±0.08b 3.69±0.09b 3.74±0.08b 3.74±0.15b 3.62±0.07ab 3.54±0.08b Jun 2012; n=30 4.68±0.07a 4.22±0.08a 4.67±0.08a 4.60±0.13a 3.78±0.10ab 4.18±0.11a Sep 2012; n=26 4.17±0.08ab 4.02±0.10a 4.06±0.12ab 3.96±0.13b 4.03±0.12a 4.0±0.12a Dec 2012; n=24 4.21±0.11b 4.21±0.13a 4.23±0.16ab 4.17±0.17ab 4.07±0.15a 4.10±0.13a Mar 2013; n=26 3.901±0.11b 3.62±0.09b 3.84±0.09b 4.81±0.08a 3.61±0.08ab 3.40±0.08b Jun 2013; n=18 4.58±0.19a 4.28±0.15a 4.47±0.15a 4.61±0.16a 4.19±0.16a 4.25±0.14a Members’ assessment of performance of the innovation platform from March 2012 to June 2013. The score is between 1 (lowest) and 5 (highest).
    15. 15. Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta IP processes IP Location IP meeting & number of respondent Indicators of IP performance Understanding of IP goals & issues Participation in decision making Information flow and sharing among actors Conflict resolution Quality of facilitation of IP Benefit of IP Ouahigouya Mar 2012; n=25 3.75±0.13b 3.31±0.09b 3.75±0.16b 3.64±0.20b 2.53±0.16b 3.21±0.12b Jun 2012; n=26 4.33±0.13a 3.98±0.11a 4.40±0.12a 4.31±0.22a 3.65±0.10a 4.06±0.08a Sep 2012; n=18 3.94±0.19ab 3.83±0.22ab 3.58±0.28b 3.78±0.13b 3.67±0.21a 3.81±0.21a Dec 2012; n=25 4.14±0.09a 3.99±0.34a 4.32±0.15a 4.08±0.18ab 3.66±0.12a 3.68±0.11a Mar 2013; n=17 4.12±0.09a 3.51±0.09b 3.64±0.09b 4.71±0.19a 3.32±0.08b 3.35±0.08b Jun 2013; n=22 4.16±0.10a 4.04±0.13a 4.18±0.09a 4.90±0.06a 3.98±0.13a 4.20±0.15a Members’ assessment of performance of the innovation platform from March 2012 to June 2013. The score is between 1 (lowest) and 5 (highest).
    16. 16. Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta IP processes In general • Overall, scores for the six indicators increased over time Specific • Conflict resolution scored higher • Gender only had a significant effect of participation in decision making (women scoring lower than men) • In Ouahigouya lower scores for participation in decision making, quality of facilitation, perceived benefit compared to Koubri • Technical services gave lower scores to indicators than producers • Researchers gave higher score for perceived benefit than producers
    17. 17. Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta Lessons • IP approach improves linkages between different actors for better access to technical and financial services, and builds capacity of members • Performance of IP seems to improve in time – not quick win, necessity of long-term plan • For effective participation of different actors, issues should be of common interest and clearly articulated. • Quality facilitation is critical to IP performance • A systematic monitoring and documentation of IP activities is indispensable for assessment of its performance • Caution: self-assessment data need to be validated
    18. 18. Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta Merci Thank You

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