Land and water management pertinent issues Enyew Adgo (Bahir Dar University) NBDC Stakeholder Forum 5 October 2011
<ul><li>Technological problems </li></ul><ul><li>Efficiency of soil and water conservation measures with respect to land p...
<ul><li>System approach of soil and water conservation should be practiced  </li></ul><ul><li>Integration between land man...
<ul><li>Policies </li></ul><ul><li>Why we do not have sustainable soil and water conservation interventions with the exist...
<ul><li>Land use policy implementation plan should be developed and implemented (enforced) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We need t...
<ul><li>We need to develop livestock population and management policies including the issue of  destocking livestock popul...
<ul><li>Unpstream and down stream issues </li></ul><ul><li>Study between upstream and down stream conflicts on water with ...
<ul><li>The participation of the communities should not be nominal; the community should sit on the chair of the driver in...
<ul><ul><li>We need to listen to farmers’ interest than to tell them what they should do (let them choose on what should b...
<ul><li>We need to study why genuine participation is there somewhere and there is not elsewhere </li></ul><ul><li>Incenti...
<ul><li>Data sharing </li></ul><ul><li>Date sharing on water and soil should be well addressed </li></ul><ul><li>Instituti...
<ul><li>Message </li></ul><ul><li>“ People who are destroying their soils and water are destroying themselves” </li></ul>
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Land and water management: Pertinent issues

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Presented by Enyew Adgo at the NBDC Stakeholder Forum, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia, 5 October 2011.

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Land and water management: Pertinent issues

  1. 1. Land and water management pertinent issues Enyew Adgo (Bahir Dar University) NBDC Stakeholder Forum 5 October 2011
  2. 2. <ul><li>Technological problems </li></ul><ul><li>Efficiency of soil and water conservation measures with respect to land productivity should be well addressed </li></ul><ul><li>Salinization and salt accumulation monitoring associated with irrigation development should be addressed </li></ul><ul><li>Afforestation and agroforestry schemes should be expanded by identifying niches where to do what </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>System approach of soil and water conservation should be practiced </li></ul><ul><li>Integration between land management and water management </li></ul><ul><li>We need to think not only on improving land water productivity, we need also to consider labor productivity (efficiency of land) </li></ul><ul><li>Incorporate integrated soil and water conservation measures by including physical, biological and agronomic conservation measures </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Policies </li></ul><ul><li>Why we do not have sustainable soil and water conservation interventions with the existing free grazing systems </li></ul><ul><li>Studying the effect of population increase on soil and water management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>developing population policy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resettlement?? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Moving the population from the agricultural sector to service and industry is required </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Land use policy implementation plan should be developed and implemented (enforced) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We need to know the quality of the land </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bringing alternatives to farmers who work and live on marginal lands (fruit farming, timber development) </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>We need to develop livestock population and management policies including the issue of destocking livestock population and curtailing free grazing </li></ul><ul><li>Study the role of various policy interventions on soil conservation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Land certification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Land use policies </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Unpstream and down stream issues </li></ul><ul><li>Study between upstream and down stream conflicts on water with a given watershed and with in a basin </li></ul><ul><li>Harmonized planning is required </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>The participation of the communities should not be nominal; the community should sit on the chair of the driver in watershed planning, development, monitoring and evaluation. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We need to study on mechanisms of developing farmers’ participation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Implementation of watershed development plans is required </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><ul><li>We need to listen to farmers’ interest than to tell them what they should do (let them choose on what should be done) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Participation requires frequent negotiating and discussion, budget, time and commitment. It cannot come within a lifespan of a single project. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scaling up of best practices could improve participation </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>We need to study why genuine participation is there somewhere and there is not elsewhere </li></ul><ul><li>Incentives are lacking for soil and water conservation measures </li></ul><ul><li>Approaches </li></ul><ul><li>We need to focus on IWM approach . It should address the farmers’ problems not what we need to be done </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Consultation with farmers and building partnership </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify goals, modalities of implementation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When we think of watershed, we need to think of the regulation of water flow and biodiversity, socio-economic issues </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Data sharing </li></ul><ul><li>Date sharing on water and soil should be well addressed </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional memory and data management at grass root level should develop </li></ul><ul><li>Institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity building and manpower development issues on </li></ul><ul><li>policy development and </li></ul><ul><li> implementation (grass root level) </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Message </li></ul><ul><li>“ People who are destroying their soils and water are destroying themselves” </li></ul>

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