Unlocking the potential of livestock technologies in Ethiopia: Shifting from piecemeal solutions to holistic approach

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Presented by Kebebe Ergano, Alan J. Duncan and Simon J. Oosting at the Nile Basin Development Challenge (NBDC) Science Workshop–2013, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 9 – 10 July 2013

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Unlocking the potential of livestock technologies in Ethiopia: Shifting from piecemeal solutions to holistic approach

  1. 1. Unlocking the potential of livestock technologies in Ethiopia: Shifting from piecemeal solutions to holistic approach Kebebe Ergano, Alan J. Duncan, Simon J. Oosting Nile Basin Development Challenge (NBDC) ScienceWorkshop, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 9–10 July 2013
  2. 2. Introduction-1 • Mismatch in DD and SS for dairy products • Diminishing land and water resources • Intensification of livestock production is a necessity • Intensification involves use of new agricultural technologies and practices
  3. 3. Introduction-2 • Various technologies and institutional interventions promoted • Adoption of technologies and interventions is very low • What is holding back farmers from using technologies & interventions?
  4. 4. Introduction-3 • AIS recognizes innovation as a result of combination of technical, social, institutional and organizational dimensions • The need for holistic analysis of transition paths of smallholder dairy • Systemic innovation policy framework was used to assess innovation constraints in dairy sub sector
  5. 5. Methods • Review of document covering 1950’s to 2013 • Event history analysis was used to map interaction patterns between system functions • Focus group discussion and key informant interview
  6. 6. Results-1 • Livestock development efforts focused on technical solutions to breeding, feeding and health constraints • Social, institutional and organizational issues were treated lightly or totally neglected in R&D • Little attention was given to organizational requirements of the innovation process in livestock sector
  7. 7. Results-2: Fulfilment of innovation functions
  8. 8. Coordination matters!
  9. 9. Conclusions • R&D efforts limited to piecemeal technical solutions to constraints at one or two steps in the value chain • Public research and extension systems could not provide institutional set up for value chain coordination • Unlocking the full potential of dairy technologies requires suitable combination of technologies, skills and behaviour, processes and organization
  10. 10. Recommendations • Research focus should be geared towards designing, prototyping and experimenting with alternative livestock value chain coordination mechanisms • Encouraging the search for suitable models for livestock value chain coordination • Monitoring the efficacy of alternative models of value chain coordination is essential

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