Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Homestead Farming: A bio-diversified system to enhance resiliency in the era of climate vulnerability

1,005 views

Published on

By Jitendra Kumar Sundaray, A. Bhattacharya, A.G. Ponniah, T.K. Ghoshal, A.D. Deo, J.P. Sharma, M. Phillips

Revitalizing the Ganges Coastal Zone Conference
21-23 October 2014, Dhaka, Bangladesh
http://waterandfood.org/ganges-conference/

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
  • DOWNLOAD FULL BOOKS, INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/yxufevpm } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/yxufevpm } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/yxufevpm } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/yxufevpm } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/yxufevpm } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/yxufevpm } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks ......................................................................................................................... Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult,
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • DOWNLOAD FULL BOOKS, INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks ......................................................................................................................... Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult,
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • DOWNLOAD FULL BOOKS, INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks ......................................................................................................................... Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult,
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here

Homestead Farming: A bio-diversified system to enhance resiliency in the era of climate vulnerability

  1. 1. A POSTER IN DHAKA METRO Family Farmers world wide can play a crucial role in ending hunger: UN Ban Ki-moon • Family Farmers are key to unlocking global progress • Preserve natural resources and agro biodiversity • Cornerstone of inclusive and sustainable agriculture and food system
  2. 2. Homestead farming: A bio-diversified system to enhance resiliency in the era of climate vulnerability Jitendra Kumar Sundaray A. Bhattacharya, A G Ponniah, T K Ghoshal, A. D Deo, J P Sharma, M Phillips1 ICAR-Central Institute of Brackishwater Aquaculture, India 1 Worldfish Penang, Malaysia
  3. 3. Outline of the presentation • Background – Current challenges – Profound impact of climate change in Agriculture – Locally adapted mitigating measure – Advantage of HFS over other farming system • Research objective and methodology • Result & Discussion – Impact of climate change on livelihood – Feature of HFS – Seasonal calendar of HFS – Biodiversity in HFS – Impact of Biodiversity on rural economy – HFS and Food Security • Way forward • Conclusion & Recommendation
  4. 4. Current challenges Tidal surges & Coastal erosion: Inundation of land High Salinity: Average salinity reached up to 10 PPT Disease infection: Vast spreading of water borne diseases Low agricultural productivity: An average of 2.3 ton/ha (District Statistical Handbook, 2009) Poverty Food & nutrition insecurity
  5. 5. Profound impact of climate change Non-access of healthy & sufficient food Reduce crop yield 54% malnourished children 39% lower paddy production against national average Changes in water quality 58% HH unable to access safe drinking water Erosion of beaches 47.5% households are landless
  6. 6. Traditional farming system containing high level of species diversity & practiced since long back in Bangladesh, Vietnam, Nigeria etc. HFS Resource rich Small scale Bio- diversified Integrated system Increase productivity Resource recycling Locally adapted mitigating measure Financial solvency Food & nutrition security
  7. 7. Particulars Homestead farming System Other farming System Advantage of HFS over other farming system
  8. 8. To assess the extent of HFS in providing resiliency against the current challenges due to climate vulnerability. Research Objective & Methodology Selection of study area (depending on the need of the study) Collection of secondary data (from local level govt. bodies) Selection of farmers through randomization Interviewing the farmers (480 households) Methodology Objective
  9. 9. 9 Study area India West Bengal South 24 Pargana Kakdwip Namkhana Sagar North 24 Pargana
  10. 10. Soil erosion & inundation of land with saline water reached salinity up to 25 ppt Agricultural land is reduced by 21% with low productivity (2.3 ton/ha) Small & marginal farmers contribute 99% household Practice of seasonal migration. Engagement of agriculture & related activities is reduced by 17% Non- agricultural activities involve 67% households Impact of climate change on livelihood
  11. 11. Soil salinization (N 210 45.258' E 880 16.520’) Engagement in non-agricultural activities Pictorial view of challenges Low production Crop damage
  12. 12. Features of homestead farms Horticulture/ Agroforestry (37% land) Aquaculture Animal husbandry (13% land)Homestead Farming System Food, Spices, Timber, Fodder, FuelFish Poultry & Dairy products • Average homestead land area is 0.1 ha. • All components together enriched biodiversity of the system. (50% land)
  13. 13. Fish culture Cultivation of perennial crops Livestock & poultry rearing Cultivation of winter veg. Cultivation of summer veg. Stocking of fish Seasonal calendar of HFS activities HFS provides diversified products through year round activities
  14. 14. Biodiversity in HFS Components Economic products % of total species of each component Crops (Horticulture/ agro-forestry) Food items (vegetable and fruit) 76 Spices 12 Timber 10 Medicinal 12 Fodder/Firewood 5 Others (Ornamental, cash crops etc.) 5 Aquaculture Fish 92 Shrimp/Prawn 8 Animal husbandry Poultry products 40 Livestock products (meat) 60 The greater crop diversity and mixed farming offer a considerable protection against farming risk due to climatic changes
  15. 15. Species composition in HFS (dominant sps.) All together 42 crop species, 38 aquaculture species and 5 animal species were encountered in HFS
  16. 16. Locally-adapted species are highly resistant to adverse conditions Short duration diversified crops provide benefits within few month Resource integration enhance farm processes Increase productivity HFS resulted 39% enhancement of the gross income of the national average of BPL households. Impact of biodiversity on rural economy Income increased
  17. 17. Relation of HFS with food & nutrition security 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 Energy Protein Fat %ofrequirednutrition Animal husbandry Horticulture Aquaculture Total production in HFS Marketing 27% Consumption 73% Species diversity supports dietary diversity and nutritional security Nutrition intake from HFS The products also contain high value of micronutrients such as vitamins & minerals which reduce the risk of a long list of ailments.
  18. 18. Way forward Practice farming of more salt tolerant and climate resilient crops like fish species, Pacu, fruit varieties like banana, guava, sapotta etc. Culture of brackishwater species in homestead pond such as Scatophagus argus (spotted scat), Etroplus suratensis (pearl spot), Mystus gulio (Tangra) etc. Integration of more resources with innovative technology Enhance the practice of betel vine which plays as a buffer against economical loss & short-term coping measure which give long-term relieve to the farmers.
  19. 19. Conclusion This diversified system has enormous potential to enhance the resilience in the nutritional & the economic insecurity of rural poor. 7/1/2014 CPWF WORKSHOP 20
  20. 20. Recommendation Institutional assistance: Provide quality input in subsidised rate to the farmers & make a proper marketing channel Govt. Policy: Required for formation of synergy between the indigenous and modern technologies for effective implementation in the farmers’ field Recognition: As an organised farming system for micro/macro financial support Need : Skill and awareness development on HFS and connectivity among all stakeholders Integration: Program taken by UN and MSSRF, India for family farming
  21. 21. Homestead farming ensure Live more, learn more, save more

×