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CPWF Ganges Presentation on Resilience


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Introduction to CPWF Ganges Basin Development Challenge at the Resilience TWG inception workshop, Tempe 11 March 2011

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CPWF Ganges Presentation on Resilience

  1. 1. Presentation by Alamgir Chowdhury Sociconsult ltd. 11 th March, 2011 Tempe, Arizona, USA A Short Presentation on major Basins in Bangladesh Challenge Programme for Food and Water CPWF
  2. 2. Geographical Location of Bangladesh Bangladesh
  4. 5. Environment/Natural Features in Ganges Basin – Coastal Bangladesh <ul><li>Increasing the level of salinity </li></ul><ul><li>Frequent tidal inundation/flood </li></ul><ul><li>Drainage congestion at medium and low land </li></ul><ul><li>Increased frequency of cyclone and tidal surge </li></ul><ul><li>Insecured lives, and properties </li></ul><ul><li>Crop Agriculture by small, marginal and tenant farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Poor infrastructures </li></ul><ul><li>Flood embankment – poor water management </li></ul><ul><li>Extreme poverty </li></ul>
  5. 6. Coastal Area of Bangladesh <ul><li>Population 35.1 million, 28% of total population </li></ul><ul><li>Total area 47,201 km2, 743 people/km2 </li></ul>
  6. 7. 0 SLR 32 cm SLR 88 cm SLR Hiron Point Impact of SLR: Intrusion of 5ppt Salinity line 9 km 90 km
  7. 8. <ul><li>Activities </li></ul><ul><li>Mostly single rice crop - during monsoon </li></ul><ul><li>Small non-rice crops in dry season </li></ul><ul><li>Capture/open water fisheries </li></ul><ul><li>Aquaculture - shrimp, prawn, tilapia and white fish </li></ul><ul><li>Rearing livestock and raising poultry birds </li></ul><ul><li>NGOs engaged in health, sanitation and micro-credit </li></ul><ul><li>Stakeholders </li></ul><ul><li>Government </li></ul><ul><li>NGOs </li></ul><ul><li>Community - small, marginal and tenant farmers </li></ul>
  8. 9. Resilience <ul><li>Houses build on elevated land - manually raised </li></ul><ul><li>Shifting from traditional to modern rice verities </li></ul><ul><li>Long duration to short duration of rice verities </li></ul><ul><li>Selection of crops and verities – tolerant to saline condition </li></ul><ul><li>Fish catch in canals, rivers and sea </li></ul><ul><li>Aquaculture – shrimp, prawn and white fish </li></ul><ul><li>High intensity of seasonal out migration – small trading, fish processing and laboring in transport, construction sectors </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple livelihood strategies considering ecological situation </li></ul>
  9. 10. Environment/Naturals Features in Meghna Kushiara Basin <ul><li>Early Flash flood </li></ul><ul><li>Long duration (6-8months) of inundation </li></ul><ul><li>Absentee land ownership </li></ul><ul><li>Cultivation by small, marginal and tenant farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Poor infrastructures </li></ul><ul><li>Submersible embankment </li></ul><ul><li>Extreme poverty </li></ul><ul><li>Low literacy </li></ul><ul><li>Poor health / sanitation and other services </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>Activities </li></ul><ul><li>Single rice crop area </li></ul><ul><li>Capture/open water fisheries </li></ul><ul><li>NGOs engaged in education, health and sanitation </li></ul><ul><li>Stakeholders </li></ul><ul><li>Government </li></ul><ul><li>NGOs </li></ul><ul><li>Community- small marginal, tenant farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Absently land owners </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>Power pump and manually operated irrigation equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Shifting from long duration (BR 29) to sort duration (BR 28) verities </li></ul><ul><li>Selection of verities </li></ul><ul><li>Houses build on elevated land with manually raised embankment </li></ul><ul><li>Seasonal out migration </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation by country boat during monsoon </li></ul><ul><li>Duck farming </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple livelihood strategies considering ecological situation </li></ul>Resilience
  12. 13. Thank You