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CPWF - 9 years of R&D for water & food security

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Presentation made to SDC in Bern on 27 Sep 2012 on CPWF's 9 years of research for development

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CPWF - 9 years of R&D for water & food security

  1. 1. 9 years of research for developmentto improve water & food security of the rural poor Alain Vidal, Director CGIAR Challenge Program on Water and Food
  2. 2. Indus Floods
  3. 3. Ganges: 500 million facing disaster
  4. 4. Overcoming the « perfect storm »of demand, scarcity and change 9+ billion people More food and water crises Global systems approaching ‘tipping points’ Uncertainties of climate change…
  5. 5. CPWF aims to increase the resilience of social andecological systems through better water managementfor food productionThrough its broad partnerships, it conducts researchthat leads to impact on the poor and to policy change
  6. 6. Water, food and poverty analyzed in 10 basins1.5 billion people50% of the poorest < 1€/j Niger
  7. 7. Poverty and water…Is it the resources scarcity? 5,000 4,000 Bangladesh Bolivia Brazil 3,000 GNI ($US/cap) Burkina Faso China Colombia 2,000 Egypt, Arab Rep. Ethiopia India 1,000 Thailand Vietnam World 0 0.00E+00 2.00E-05 4.00E-05 6.00E-05 8.00E-05 1.00E-04 Water availability (km3/cap)
  8. 8. Water productivityremains very low over most areas WP (estimated potential / typically 1-2 kg/m3) YR IGB Mekong Nile Limpopo Volta Niger
  9. 9. There is enough water to meet ourneeds, it’s how we manage it ! Sustainable intensification  Beyond a focus on productivity Equitable sharing of benefits and risks  Finding a balance and ‘win-win’ solutions Institutional water management  A holistic approach to avoid fragmentation among actors
  10. 10. Research programs on BDCs Focus on a “basin development challenge” In a basin Coherent, integrated research program  Technologies, policies, institutions, governance  Whole basin consequences of change  Spatial targeting of innovations  Multiple partners  Scientific evidence to inform dialogue and innovation platforms
  11. 11. Andes: Benefit-sharing mechanismsand their low hanging fruits Trust funds and local dialogues established Upstream ecosystems restored Benefits downstream through improved pastures supporting community dairy production Consolidating Andes experience as a world-laboratory on BSMs Scaling out in Uganda and Nepal
  12. 12. Ganges: Freshwater storage forimproved livelihoods in polders Well managed short duration aman rice varieties double yield Improving local institutions to ensure hardware maintenance and improvement Key to use stored water to stabilize rainy season production intensify and diversify dry season production
  13. 13. Limpopo: Rainwater managementand value chains Strengthen agricultural value chains where market-related failures contribute to poverty Success of community innovation platforms depends on trust among the actors and sufficient incentives Appropriate technologies must fit existing livelihood systems and include socially acceptable incentives
  14. 14. Mekong: Hydropower and livelihoods Techniques, land and water uses identified that can increase benefits available to riparian communities Fish-rice systems Artificial wetlands in reservoirs Add value for both dam builders and communities Dialogue processes identified institutional weaknesses in the ways regulations are implemented
  15. 15. Nile: Rainwater management andlandscapes Rainwater management interventions to target landscapes, linking bio-physical drivers with socio-economic factors Suitability maps considering key limiting factors: erosion, rainfall regimes, soil fertility and enterprise choices Development of innovation platforms in 3 different landscapes
  16. 16. Volta: Rainwater and small reservoirs Identified successes (soil-water conservation, small reservoirs, and small pumps) and failures (culture and gender-sensitivity) Integration of maintenance costs in project budgets and capacity building of actors (mostly farmers) Resilience analysis helps evaluate common threads driving or limiting innovations
  17. 17. The goat……that saves water, people and nature
  18. 18. Innovation platforms in Zimbabwecreate local markets for goats Established around local specific production and marketing systems, connected to larger commercialization networks Markets helped raise the value of one goat from US$10 to $60 Virtuous circle where more money flows to the producer - an incentive for growing stock feed and improving rangeland management
  19. 19. A virtuous circle that triggers change to a more resilient state Local markets Producers self-esteem Improved rangeland production replacing US$15 / goat of stock S feed valueImproved livestock: US$ 60 per goat Goat mortality Recurrent droughts, down to 10% S increasing climate variability, poor connection to markets Rainfed maize cropping: US$16/ha Livestock: US$10 per goat
  20. 20. Sustainable intensification andecosystem services in the Andes
  21. 21. Downstream – where the concernfor ecosystem services emerged High altitude wetland (paramo) degraded by potato cropping and overgrazing Eutrophication andshrinking of Fuquene Lake (downstream)
  22. 22. Restoring upstream and downstream ecosystem services Water quality and downstream ecosystem Paramo restored services from Fuquenethrough conservation Lake improvedtillage and oat/potato rotation 26
  23. 23. Triggers for change betweenalternate resilient states Annual net income: Conservation 2,183/ha agriculture and paramo restoration Revolving fund credit: Farmers‘ supported by +180 farmers /year insufficient gain and risk revolving fund aversion Potato S cropping, grazing pressure, degradation of paramo Annual net income: US$ 1,870/ha
  24. 24. Hydro-literacy to support rights to accessinformation and partake in decision making Conversatorios promoting dialogue, facilitat Emerging inclusive ed by benefit-sharing stakeholders’ mechanisms “hydro-literacy” S Conflicts on water and land resources
  25. 25. How do such interventionsincrease water and food security ? Enhanced resilience  Combined technical and institutional innovations prevent the system from moving to undesired system configuration when shocked Water and food security  Looking beyond the « yield gap » enables diversify food production (crops, fish and livestock) and ecosystem services  Additional income alleviates poverty Empowerment  Enhanced people’s rights and institutional governance
  26. 26. Thank you a.vidal@cgiar.org www.waterandfood.orgwww.slideshare.net/cpwf

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