A SENZANJE; T E SIMALENGA AND J JIYANE 16 November 2011 Definition and Categorization of  Small Water Infrastructures (SWI...
BACKGROUND <ul><li>Erratic rainfall patterns, frequent droughts:  low, risky agric. production for small-scale/emerging fa...
<ul><li>Access to water for small-scale agricultural production is low due to unavailability of adequate water infrastruct...
Definition of Small Scale Water Infrastructure Small dam Small  irrigation scheme Bore hole Reservoirs and Deep wells
Factors affecting performance <ul><li>Availability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Water quality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase...
(3) Importance of SWI to munities <ul><li>Water for domestic, agriculture and livestock </li></ul><ul><li>Improved livelih...
Conclusions  <ul><li>SWI has a role to play in rural livelihoods in Limpopo </li></ul><ul><li>Overall performance of SWI d...
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Definition and Categorization of Small Water Infrastructures (SWIs) in Limpopo Basin: Issues and challenges for water availability and sustainability

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Presented by Aidan Senzanje (ARC/LNR) at the International Forum on Water and Food (IFWF), South Africa, 14-17 November 2011.
The International Forum on Water and Food (IFWF) is the premier gathering of water and food scientists working on improving water management for agricultural production in developing countries.

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Definition and Categorization of Small Water Infrastructures (SWIs) in Limpopo Basin: Issues and challenges for water availability and sustainability

  1. 1. A SENZANJE; T E SIMALENGA AND J JIYANE 16 November 2011 Definition and Categorization of Small Water Infrastructures (SWIs) in Limpopo Basin: Issues and challenges for water availability and sustainability 3 RD INTERNATIONAL FORUM ON WATER AND FOOD St Georges Hotel, Pretoria, SOUTH AFRICA
  2. 2. BACKGROUND <ul><li>Erratic rainfall patterns, frequent droughts: low, risky agric. production for small-scale/emerging farmers (low market value crops) </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Access to water for small-scale agricultural production is low due to unavailability of adequate water infrastructures resulting in: </li></ul><ul><li>low yields, </li></ul><ul><li>food insecurity and </li></ul><ul><li>high poverty levels in the rural population in the basin. </li></ul><ul><li>Efforts and investments towards water infrastructure have not been overly successful in the basin. </li></ul><ul><li>The study has attempted to categorize these small water infrastructure and determine their availability and sustainability. </li></ul>Small Scale water infrastructure in Limpopo Basin
  4. 4. Definition of Small Scale Water Infrastructure Small dam Small irrigation scheme Bore hole Reservoirs and Deep wells
  5. 5. Factors affecting performance <ul><li>Availability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Water quality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased number of people per SWI </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Capacity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Limited potential storage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Walking distance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Continuity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Alternative water source(s) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Households socioeconomic status </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Overall performance and Sustainability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Capacity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Condition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multiple use of SWI </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. (3) Importance of SWI to munities <ul><li>Water for domestic, agriculture and livestock </li></ul><ul><li>Improved livelihoods and secondary benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Extent and type of use for different types of SWI for different communities depending on: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>livelihood activities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>availability of SWI type per ward </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>availability of alternative water source (s) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ease of operation </li></ul></ul>Sustainability of SWI to communities
  7. 7. Conclusions <ul><li>SWI has a role to play in rural livelihoods in Limpopo </li></ul><ul><li>Overall performance of SWI depends on Water quality and Capacity </li></ul><ul><li>Factors with significant effects on SWI performance and sustainability: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Appropriate management structures and financial arrangements for SWI maintenance at community level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>availability of other livelihood activities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>availability of alternative water source(s) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The MUS for a particular SWI </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. THANK YOU

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