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Inequality of Access
Data on Intermediaries
Inequality of Access
Conclusions
An Analysis of Grievance in NCR
Neelanjan Sir...
Inequality of Access
Data on Intermediaries
Inequality of Access
Conclusions
Theoretical Motivation
Theoretical Motivation...
Inequality of Access
Data on Intermediaries
Inequality of Access
Conclusions
Theoretical Motivation
Theoretical Motivation...
Inequality of Access
Data on Intermediaries
Inequality of Access
Conclusions
Theoretical Motivation
Theoretical Motivation...
Inequality of Access
Data on Intermediaries
Inequality of Access
Conclusions
Theoretical Motivation
Theoretical Motivation...
Inequality of Access
Data on Intermediaries
Inequality of Access
Conclusions
Theoretical Motivation
Elected Representative...
Inequality of Access
Data on Intermediaries
Inequality of Access
Conclusions
Theoretical Motivation
Elected Representative...
Inequality of Access
Data on Intermediaries
Inequality of Access
Conclusions
Occupation and Grievance Redressal
Tell Us Ab...
Inequality of Access
Data on Intermediaries
Inequality of Access
Conclusions
Occupation and Grievance Redressal
Tell Us Ab...
Inequality of Access
Data on Intermediaries
Inequality of Access
Conclusions
Occupation and Grievance Redressal
Tell Us Ab...
Inequality of Access
Data on Intermediaries
Inequality of Access
Conclusions
Occupation and Grievance Redressal
Occupation...
Inequality of Access
Data on Intermediaries
Inequality of Access
Conclusions
Occupation and Grievance Redressal
Occupation...
Inequality of Access
Data on Intermediaries
Inequality of Access
Conclusions
Occupation and Grievance Redressal
Occupation...
Inequality of Access
Data on Intermediaries
Inequality of Access
Conclusions
Identity
Amenities
Characterizing Economic In...
Inequality of Access
Data on Intermediaries
Inequality of Access
Conclusions
Identity
Amenities
Characterizing Economic In...
Inequality of Access
Data on Intermediaries
Inequality of Access
Conclusions
Identity
Amenities
Characterizing Economic In...
Inequality of Access
Data on Intermediaries
Inequality of Access
Conclusions
Identity
Amenities
Characterizing Economic In...
Inequality of Access
Data on Intermediaries
Inequality of Access
Conclusions
Identity
Amenities
Characterizing Economic In...
Inequality of Access
Data on Intermediaries
Inequality of Access
Conclusions
Identity
Amenities
Characterizing Economic In...
Inequality of Access
Data on Intermediaries
Inequality of Access
Conclusions
Identity
Amenities
Characterizing Economic In...
Inequality of Access
Data on Intermediaries
Inequality of Access
Conclusions
Identity
Amenities
Characterizing Economic In...
Inequality of Access
Data on Intermediaries
Inequality of Access
Conclusions
Identity
Amenities
Characterizing Economic In...
Inequality of Access
Data on Intermediaries
Inequality of Access
Conclusions
Conclusions
Another example of differentiation...
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An Analysis of Grievance in NCR

Presentation by Neelanjan Sircar at IIC Delhi on 6 July 2018

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An Analysis of Grievance in NCR

  1. 1. Inequality of Access Data on Intermediaries Inequality of Access Conclusions An Analysis of Grievance in NCR Neelanjan Sircar Centre for Policy Research 6 July 2018 Neelanjan Sircar An Analysis of Grievance in NCR
  2. 2. Inequality of Access Data on Intermediaries Inequality of Access Conclusions Theoretical Motivation Theoretical Motivation Theoretical Question: In the context of weak state capacity (especially in urban areas), how do citizens address grievances with state services? Neelanjan Sircar An Analysis of Grievance in NCR
  3. 3. Inequality of Access Data on Intermediaries Inequality of Access Conclusions Theoretical Motivation Theoretical Motivation Theoretical Question: In the context of weak state capacity (especially in urban areas), how do citizens address grievances with state services? Weak State Capacity The role of “intermediaries” – fixers, naya netas, dalals, brokers – who mediate access to the state The inequality of access. Who is an intermediary beholden to? Neelanjan Sircar An Analysis of Grievance in NCR
  4. 4. Inequality of Access Data on Intermediaries Inequality of Access Conclusions Theoretical Motivation Theoretical Motivation Theoretical Question: In the context of weak state capacity (especially in urban areas), how do citizens address grievances with state services? Two Models of Intermediaries: Party Worker Model: Party machines fill the void, and party brokers exchange partisan loyalty for grievance redressal. The archetypal case is Buenos Aires (e.g., Stokes, 1995). Neelanjan Sircar An Analysis of Grievance in NCR
  5. 5. Inequality of Access Data on Intermediaries Inequality of Access Conclusions Theoretical Motivation Theoretical Motivation Theoretical Question: In the context of weak state capacity (especially in urban areas), how do citizens address grievances with state services? Two Models of Intermediaries: Party Worker Model: Party machines fill the void, and party brokers exchange partisan loyalty for grievance redressal. The archetypal case is Buenos Aires (e.g., Stokes, 1995). Social Worker Model: Entrepreneurial individuals, who are connected to parties but not beholden to them, compete to address grievances to citizens to gain status and wealth. The archetypal case is rural India (e.g., Krishna, 2002). Neelanjan Sircar An Analysis of Grievance in NCR
  6. 6. Inequality of Access Data on Intermediaries Inequality of Access Conclusions Theoretical Motivation Elected Representative vs. Intermediary Proximity of closest elected leader: Rural vs. Urban What is the impact of elections? Who is the leader beholden to? Neelanjan Sircar An Analysis of Grievance in NCR
  7. 7. Inequality of Access Data on Intermediaries Inequality of Access Conclusions Theoretical Motivation Elected Representative vs. Intermediary Rural elected (sarpanch) leaders (Schneider and Sircar, 2017) Rural Unelected (Chauchard and Sircar, 2017) Urban (slum)“elected” party leaders (Auerbach and Thachil, 2017) This study: Closest point of contact – unelected intermediaries Hypotheses: Poor disproportionately interested in civic services Elite capture – wealthy will do better in redressal Neelanjan Sircar An Analysis of Grievance in NCR
  8. 8. Inequality of Access Data on Intermediaries Inequality of Access Conclusions Occupation and Grievance Redressal Tell Us About Your Local Neta Asked respondents to provide information about the most important local netas in area 75% of respondents provided data Neelanjan Sircar An Analysis of Grievance in NCR
  9. 9. Inequality of Access Data on Intermediaries Inequality of Access Conclusions Occupation and Grievance Redressal Tell Us About Your Local Neta Asked respondents to provide information about the most important local netas in area 75% of respondents provided data Collect information on neta’s characteristics Collect data on identity: Caste: Disproportionately General Caste Religion: Disproportionately Hindu State of origin: 10% from outside Delhi Partisan Affiliation (maybe later) Neelanjan Sircar An Analysis of Grievance in NCR
  10. 10. Inequality of Access Data on Intermediaries Inequality of Access Conclusions Occupation and Grievance Redressal Tell Us About Your Local Neta Asked respondents to provide information about the most important local netas in area 75% of respondents provided data Collect information on neta’s characteristics Collect data on identity: Caste: Disproportionately General Caste Religion: Disproportionately Hindu State of origin: 10% from outside Delhi Partisan Affiliation (maybe later) Collect data on grievance redressal: Was the neta approached? 22% of the time For what issue? Did the neta solve it? 46% of the time Neelanjan Sircar An Analysis of Grievance in NCR
  11. 11. Inequality of Access Data on Intermediaries Inequality of Access Conclusions Occupation and Grievance Redressal Occupation and Grievance Redressal Neelanjan Sircar An Analysis of Grievance in NCR
  12. 12. Inequality of Access Data on Intermediaries Inequality of Access Conclusions Occupation and Grievance Redressal Occupation and Grievance Redressal Infra. Civic Services Security Community Projects Govt. Schemes Conflict Resolution Admin. Problems Other Issues that Netas are Approached for PercentageofHH 020406080100 31.17 46.79 49 31.32 6.67 5.66 5 4.53 1.83 2.64 2.67 2.64 0.83 1.51 2.83 4.91 Social Worker Political Worker Neelanjan Sircar An Analysis of Grievance in NCR
  13. 13. Inequality of Access Data on Intermediaries Inequality of Access Conclusions Occupation and Grievance Redressal Occupation and Grievance Redressal Yes No Yes No Did the Neta solve your issue? 020406080100 51 49 58.43 41.57 Social Worker Political Worker Neelanjan Sircar An Analysis of Grievance in NCR
  14. 14. Inequality of Access Data on Intermediaries Inequality of Access Conclusions Identity Amenities Characterizing Economic Inequality Identity and Citizen Behavior – Naming q q q q General Int/OBC SC ST General Int/OBC SC ST 0.69 0.5 0.53 0.52 0.27 0.41 0.26 0.29 0.03 0.06 0.17 0.12 0.01 0.02 0.04 0.07 Neta's Caste Respondent'sCaste Neelanjan Sircar An Analysis of Grievance in NCR
  15. 15. Inequality of Access Data on Intermediaries Inequality of Access Conclusions Identity Amenities Characterizing Economic Inequality Identity and Citizen Behavior – Naming q q q q Hindu Muslim Sikh Hindu Muslim Sikh 0.94 0.84 0.82 0.03 0.16 0 0.03 0 0.18 Neta's Religion Respondent'sReligion Neelanjan Sircar An Analysis of Grievance in NCR
  16. 16. Inequality of Access Data on Intermediaries Inequality of Access Conclusions Identity Amenities Characterizing Economic Inequality Identity and Citizen Behavior – Approaching General Int/OBC SC ST General Int/OBC SC ST 0.26 0.2 0.23 0.22 0.24 0.16 0.22 0.23 0.38 0.23 0.28 0.17 0.2 0.16 0.5 0.07 Neta's Caste Respondent'sCaste Neelanjan Sircar An Analysis of Grievance in NCR
  17. 17. Inequality of Access Data on Intermediaries Inequality of Access Conclusions Identity Amenities Characterizing Economic Inequality Amenities and Citizen Behavior −1.0 −0.5 0.0 0.5 1.0 0.000.150.300.450.600.75 ProportionNamingLeaderType Amenities Index Social Worker Political Leader Other Type Neelanjan Sircar An Analysis of Grievance in NCR
  18. 18. Inequality of Access Data on Intermediaries Inequality of Access Conclusions Identity Amenities Characterizing Economic Inequality Amenities and Citizen Behavior −1.0 −0.5 0.0 0.5 1.0 0.000.150.300.450.60 ProportionNamingIssue Amenities Index Infrastructure Civic Security Neelanjan Sircar An Analysis of Grievance in NCR
  19. 19. Inequality of Access Data on Intermediaries Inequality of Access Conclusions Identity Amenities Characterizing Economic Inequality Characterizing Economic Inequality Neelanjan Sircar An Analysis of Grievance in NCR
  20. 20. Inequality of Access Data on Intermediaries Inequality of Access Conclusions Identity Amenities Characterizing Economic Inequality Characterizing Economic Inequality Neelanjan Sircar An Analysis of Grievance in NCR
  21. 21. Inequality of Access Data on Intermediaries Inequality of Access Conclusions Identity Amenities Characterizing Economic Inequality Characterizing Economic Inequality Neelanjan Sircar An Analysis of Grievance in NCR
  22. 22. Inequality of Access Data on Intermediaries Inequality of Access Conclusions Identity Amenities Characterizing Economic Inequality Identity-Based Inequality 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0 0.00.20.40.60.81.0 Neta Variables & Muslim Prop: Polling Booth Muslim Proportion in Polling Booth NetaValues Know Neta Approach Neta Solve Neta Neelanjan Sircar An Analysis of Grievance in NCR
  23. 23. Inequality of Access Data on Intermediaries Inequality of Access Conclusions Conclusions Another example of differentiation in “citizenship” Signs of elite capture Impact of RWAs and mohalla sabhas? What would true decentralization do? Neelanjan Sircar An Analysis of Grievance in NCR

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