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Air Pollution and Health in India

Presentation by Bhargav Krishna during the panel on 'Health Effects of Exposure to Air Pollution, as part of the CPR Initiative on Climate, Energy and Environment Clearing the Air Seminar Series. This event was organised in partnership with the Public Health Foundation of India (PHFI)

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Air Pollution and Health in India

  1. 1. Air Pollution and Health in India Wednesday, 20th December 2017 Centre for Policy Research Bhargav Krishna Manager (Technical), Centre for Environmental Health, PHFI Co-Founder, Care for Air
  2. 2. Ambient PM2.5 Variation Over Time 99% of districts above WHO annual exposure guidelines 60% above National Ambient Air Quality Standards Source: 2
  3. 3. Ambient PM has seasonal variations e.g. Monsoon vs. Winter in Gurgaon
  4. 4. It is also a regional challenge Monsoon vs. Winter in the Indo-Gangetic Plain
  5. 5. Household Air Pollution Distribution of 24-hr average kitchen area PM2.5 concentrations in solid fuel using households across states (Source: Balakrishnan et al. 2013) India Urban Rural Total (NFHS-4) Households using clean fuel for cooking 80.6% 24.0% 43.8%
  6. 6. Overall burden from Air Pollution in India (GBD 2015) ~ 1.8 million deaths (1.1 million Ambient; 700,000 Household) 49 million DALYs (#1 of any risk factor)
  7. 7. DALY Rate by State in India from AP Exposure (Source: India State-Level Disease Burden)
  8. 8. Changes in Risk Factors (GBD 1990 - 2015)