I would like to introduce our newest initiative called connect
with support from the Ford Foundation, Center for Planning Excellence (CPEX) is commencing a long-term effort in the Baton Rouge and New Orleans region to build a coalition of advocates/stakeholders that support expanded transportation connect to housing and jobs. Our strategy is to develop a Task Force of stakeholders in all relevant sectors and industries to guide and support this work, to contribute to the development of a centralized knowledge base, and to take our message back to their constituencies and leadership that there are dramatic benefits to investing in transit if you do it right. Still, as we consider this to be a long-term, multi-year initiative, we are only in the planning stages of how we will fulfill our goals and objectives on a tactical level. We have gotten valuable input already and the excitement and momentum only grows.
CPEX became an independent non-profit in 2006: and was asked by the governor to participate in the recovery effort CPEX undertook the design of a large-scale long term recovery plan called Louisiana Speaks. Louisiana Speaks: was a 18 months of work facilitated by some of the top planners in the country The process created an exceptionally visionary and original plan: the Louisiana Speaks Regional Plan it included over 27,000 Louisianians and was the largest planning effort in US history This plan outlined the process for redevelopment and recovery across Louisiana
One of the top priorities highlighted in this planning effort was a connector rail line between Baton Rouge and New Orleans. Above map: orange primary transit corridor was laid out through the Louisiana Speaks plan, blue supplementary transit lines identified as well. Under this plan, all of South Louisiana--and the Baton Rouge and New Orleans metro centers in particular—will be linked through an alternative transportation connection. CPEX seeks to consistently achieve the priorities within the plan. Federal ARRA stimulus renewed interest in Baton Rouge-New Orleans rail CPEX continues to build and shape this conversation
The map pictured above shows the proposed rail line from La Department of Transportation feasibility study La didn’t pursue stimulus funding opportunity $18 million in operating not identified Transit still important investment, and federal opportunities will continue to be present, the region must be prepared
As you might recall, Louisiana Speaks identified an inter-city rail as a top priority for the region, so there is existing support for this kind of innovation… CPEX began talking with the Ford Foundation this past fall about building knowledge and capacity in the New Orleans and Baton Rouge intercity region concerning the benefits of rail investment. Inseparable from transit investment is the need for directing equitable housing development along transit lines and creating communities for current and future workforces that serve the major job centers of the New Orleans and Baton Rouge areas. The national discussions concerning rail investment are also working in our favor CPEX seeks to educate both residents and elected officials in the New Orleans-Baton Rouge region on the benefits of rail, and has begun convening a Task Force of partners to assist in this work…
Three cities have transit systems with a total 2 million annual boardings: Baton Rouge, New Orleans, Shreveport We also have 7 existing Amtrak stations across the state that service passenger rail: Hammond, Lafayette, Lake Charles, New Iberia, New Orleans, Schriever, Slidell. New Orleans also just received a $45 million TIGER Grant to extend a streetcar service from Union Passenger Terminal into greater New Orleans. However, the Baton Rouge system is severely underfunded and public transportation in general lags behind; additionally, the state currently has no defined transit policy.
Map shows Baton Rouge and New Orleans as the two leading metro areas in the state: both are in the top-100 metros in the country: New Orleans is ranked at 45 Baton Rouge is ranked at 87 Together, these two metros hold: 45% population 48% of the state’s jobs 53% percent of the its GDP. Build on these existing assets to create quality of place in the region and enhance economic investment
The average American family spends 19% of their household budget on transportation: households with access to transit spend 9% In Baton Rouge-New Orleans region: Map 1: initial mapping shows the cost in relation to the homeowner’s income. Yellow areas—the costs of a home is 30% or less of the homeowner’s income.
Map 2: Combine transportation and housing costs and there is a dramatic increase: Teal blue shows 45% or more of resident’s income going to housing and transportation In a survey of 28 metropolitan regions in the US, the average household spent approximately 48% of its income on housing and transportation (Center for Housing Policy, 2006). This is regional percentage could drop, however, if the commuters coming into the metro centers were presented with alternative transportation options… *green lines show US Census Block Groups
According to the Federal Transit Adminstration’s 2007 records The Baton Rouge Cats System recieves a fraction of the operating and capital funds when compared to the New Orleans RTA.
The commuter shed in both metros is directly contributing to the transportation costs seen on the previous slide. Recent Calculations show that commuters into the metro centers are on the rise: Ascension Parish: 2000 Census - 11,707 work trips into EBR, which is 5.2% of total work trips ending in EBR. 2010 projection is 15,753 work trips ending in EBR or a 34.6% increase over 2000 census. Livingston Parish: 2000 Census– 19,266 daily &quot;work trips&quot; originating in Livingston Parish that ended in East Baton Rouge Parish. This was 8.6% of all work trips ending in EBR. 2010 projection indicates this would increase to 25,265 work trips from Livingston Parish to East Baton Rouge Parish, a 31.1% increase over the 2000 number. The most recent data compiled by the New Orleans Data Center reports that almost 5 years after Hurricane Katrina, Orleans Parish alone has over 37,000 workers commuting into the parish on a daily basis. Each of these commutes is done by car, which is understandable given the lack of transportation option in Louisiana…
The most recent data compiled by the Greater New Orleans Community Data Center reports that almost 5 years after Hurricane Katrina, Orleans Parish alone has over 37,000 workers commuting into the parish on a daily basis. Contrary to recent assumptions that “New Orleans is a housing surplus for low-wage workers” the NODC found that there are more low-wager works coming in than out. Regardless, both sets of commuters would be served by enhanced mobility options, especially considering the statistics for Jefferson Parish…
Hundreds of Jefferson Parish commuters come as far away as St. Tammany and St. John for jobs earning less than $1250 per month. Each of these commutes is done by car, which is understandable given the lack of transportation option in Louisiana…
Congestion patterns clearly stem out of South Louisiana’s metro areas. The highest concentration is in both Baton Rouge and New Orleans. Current development patters don’t address this congestion, but only enhance it.
Traffic congestion across South Louisiana will continue to be a persistent problem—and the widening of roads won’t address it. This is will continue to impact residents’ pocket-books and quality of life, with longer travel times to work and recreation. In New Orleans, low-wage workers are affected daily by the lack of transportation options and alternatives to highway travel and congestion.
Decreases quality of life: Research shows commuting has most negative effect on people’s mood than all other daily activities Time which could be spent on hobbies, leisure, or with family and friends is spent in traffic Increases attractiveness of other states/places with transit systems and transportation choices: Affects ability to attract and retain talent Last US Census reports 64% of college-educated 25-34 year olds said they looked for a job after choosing the city they wanted to live in Aging population and baby-boomers increasingly rely on alternative transportation options, and will relocate to find it Increases direct business costs and taxes needed to offset the indirect-costs of sprawl including transportation, health care and environmental costs
Current development cycle: building neighborhoods beyond urban core requires workers to commute by car into the city increases traffic congestion and pollution within the city both make urban core undesirable place to live attracts residents to the suburbs
Leads to higher quality of life. urban development centered near well connected, integrated transit hubs attracts more riders, which leads to further transit build out more people then able to take advantage of transit, and move to be better served by it no longer putting money into gas and auto repairs frees finances for housing investment move into urban core near transit hubs Isn’t possible unless the system is fully integrated and able to support…
It doesn’t begin and end with a rail… Have to build out system in between Trip chain shows all the usual stops for transportation: if one link is missing, then the chain is worthless But when intact and fully built out and integrated, the chain provides a greater degree of productivity and reliability….
Though highway travel fluctuates, rail stays constant. As ridership grows on rail, investment follows which leads to track upgrades and increased speeds. Meanwhile, highway congestion increases with cars on the road This reliability increases the ease of trips and commutes, which leads to increased frequency of trips—”day trip” culture in business evolves. Meetings that would be held on phone or on web, now done in person. Travel time is turned into productive time, with work being easily done on trains with Wi-Fi access. This is why…
Before we go too far into describing our work, let’s step back and talk about the overall importance of transit… Infrastructure connectivity is essential to developing economically competitive regions on the national and global scale. Of the nation's top 50 metropolitan areas, all but two were planning a New Start project, adding to a existing system or have a new system under construction, using infrastructure investment to attract top industry: New Orleans is included in this grouping. A more integrated transit system not only gives employers access to a wider pool of potential workers, but also attracts a higher quality workforce, with much young, educated, talent attracted to a more urban, connected lifestyle. Transit investment also gives back to the state and local governments, leading to a 4%-16% gain in revenue for many local economies. Regions across the country are realizing the importance of transit investment…
By locating a range of housing choices in close proximity to transit options, quality of life for all residents in enhanced. Giving residents efficient and affordable transportation options, and providing a range of modes and connections to goods, services and amenities. The average American family can reduce their transporation spending by 10% when given access to efficient transit services. This 10% frees up family budgets for higher quality foods, savings for education, and home repairs. Leads to greater economic stability for community.
Urban planner John Fregonese recently compiled data on the six proposed station areas along the potential rail line. Taking data from five-mile radius around each station—represented by the green circles—Fregonese concluded that, combined, the stations would service 44% of the region’s population 57% of the region’s household’s 53% of the region’s employment As the New Orleans and Baton Rouge region holds roughly half the state’s population, a proposed line would service roughly 25% of the state. Increasing equitable opportunities for all.
New Orleans is continuing to build out the connectivity of it’s transit system. The green line shows the portion funded by the Tiger grant, where the red line was proposed but not funded in the last round. The light grey line shows potential lines not included in the grant application, and the darker grey shows the existing streetcar lines. To build on this work and ensure that residents are afforded the housing options and job connectivity these systems can provide, Louisiana must prioritize…
BR-NO economic backbone for the state: New Orleans and Baton Rouge metros must become nationally and internationally competitive. To achieve this, we must attract a and maintain a competitive workforce. By integrating land use, transportation and housing planning, Louisiana creates higher quality of life and quality of place—attracting and maintaining an economically viable workforce. educated young people are seeking more urban, connected lifestyles baby boomers are looking for greater mobility options and walkable communities New policies must be introduced and prioritized by residents and elected officials alike. Transportation can be a transformative economic asset for a region, but only if it is done right.
How can you be part of shaping this new future for our region? You can sign up to become a member of the coalition Sign onto our website today – we have computers available You will receive our monthly newsletter that will contain policy updates, upcoming events and calls to action
Master stack upload
Mission <ul><li>CONNECT advocates for expanded mobility choices throughout the New Orleans to Baton Rouge region that offer improved access to affordable homes, job centers and equitable economic opportunity. </li></ul>
New Primary Transit Corridor (intercity high speed rail and/or regional commuter rail = New or Existing Secondary Transit Corridor ( light rail or street car) = Louisiana Speaks
BR/NO Rail <ul><li>Stimulus funding opportunity this past fall: Louisiana didn’t apply </li></ul><ul><li>Annual operating expenses couldn’t be identified </li></ul>
Transit Initiative <ul><li>Ford Foundation grant to develop outreach campaign </li></ul><ul><li>Build on local and national momentum around transit </li></ul><ul><li>Identify dedicated funding source to sustain connector rail </li></ul><ul><li>Educate the NOLA/BR region on benefits of rail </li></ul>
Who is CONNECT? Policy and Planning Research and Resources Outreach, Education and Communications Special Projects Steering Committee General Membership Organizational Members Institutional Partners
Institutional Partners City of New Orleans City of Baton Rouge St. John the Baptist Parish New Orleans Regional Planning Commission Capital Region Planning Commission South Central Planning Commission Jefferson Parish Planning Department New Orleans Regional Transit Authority Capital Area Transit System New Orleans Office of Community Development New Orleans Legislative Delegation Capital Region Legislative Delegation Sen. Mary Landrieu’s Office LSU Law School Dr. Norman Francis, Xavier University Southern High Speed Rail Commission
Steering Committee Baton Rouge Advocates for Safe Streets Transport for NOLA Providence Community Housing New Orleans Citizen Participation Project New Orleans Neighborhood Development Collaborative American Planning Association, Louisiana Chapter American Society of Landscape Architects, Louisiana Chapter Baton Rouge Downtown Development District Louisiana Association of Nonprofit Organizations Greater New Orleans Community Data Center Louisiana Realtors Association Baton Rouge Area Chamber AARP Baton Rouge Area Foundation University of New Orleans Louisiana Housing Alliance Louisiana Disaster Recovery Foundation Greater New Orleans Foundation
Organizational Members Pennington Biomedical Research Center Forum 35 Puentes New Orleans Sierra Club New Orleans Downtown Development District Urban Land Institute Equity and Inclusion Campaign Louisiana Public Transit Association Gulf Coast Housing Partnership Greater New Orleans Urban League City-Works PolicyLink Greater New Orleans Biosciences Economic Development District Baton Rouge Area Convention and Visitors Bureau Travel Tech Foundation Greater New Orleans Fair Housing Action Center
Transit in Louisiana <ul><li>Three cities have transit systems 2 million annual boardings each </li></ul><ul><li>7 Amtrak stations in the state </li></ul><ul><li>New Orleans Streetcar TIGER grant $45 million </li></ul><ul><li>Public transportation in the state lags behind </li></ul><ul><li>Highway funding prioritized </li></ul><ul><li>No defined transit policy at state level </li></ul>
Build Our Region <ul><li>45% Population </li></ul><ul><li>48% Jobs </li></ul><ul><li>53% Gross Domestic Product </li></ul>
Quality of Place Percentage of resident’s income spent on housing Source: Center for Neighborhood Technology < 30% income Data not-available > 30% income
Quality of Place Percentage of income spent on housing and transportation combined Source: Center for Neighborhood Technology > 45% income < 45% income Data not-available
Transit Funding in the Region CATS: $14,833,727 RTA: $ 88,693,284
Commuters Livingston Parish: 25,265 Daily Work Trips 34.6% increase since 2000 Into Orleans Parish: 37, 517 commuters Ascension Parish: 15,753 Daily Work Trips 31.1% increase since 2000
Commuters <ul><li>Into Orleans Parish: 37, 517 </li></ul><ul><li>Low-Wage Workers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In-Commuters: 15, 685 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Out-Commuters: 13,058 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Net inflow: 2, 624 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>New Orleans has more low-wage workers commuting in than out </li></ul>Source: Greater New Orleans Community Data Center
Commuters <ul><li>Low-Wage Workers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In-Commuters: 21,968 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Out-Commuters: 16,724 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Net inflow: 5,244 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Jefferson Parish has the largest net inflow of low-wage workers </li></ul>Source: Greater New Orleans Community Data Center
Reliability <ul><li>Highway travel time fluctuates and increases </li></ul><ul><li>BR/NO rail is 90 minute travel time—even at 5:00 </li></ul><ul><li>Time decreases with track improvements </li></ul><ul><li>Creates “day trip” culture in businesses </li></ul><ul><li>Increases frequency of ridership </li></ul>
TOD Quality of Life <ul><li>Transportation options attract and retain talent </li></ul><ul><li>TOC’s give residents budget flexibility </li></ul><ul><li>Connects residents to jobs efficiently and affordably </li></ul><ul><li>Offer easy access to goods, services and amenities </li></ul><ul><li>Allow a variety of mobility options </li></ul>
Station Area Opportunities <ul><li>Become focal points for new development and reinvestment </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunity to create mixed-use, walkable districts and neighborhoods in Louisiana </li></ul><ul><li>Connect to local transit, infrastructure, walking and biking </li></ul>
<ul><li>*MSA (Metropolitan Statistical Area) </li></ul>Baton Rouge Northern Terminal Downtown Baton Rouge Station Population Households Employment 131,920 43,305 94,341 % of the MSA 17.2% 15.1% 24.6%
BR Terminal Opportunities <ul><li>Included in BR Comprehensive Plan update: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>station area planning: opportunity sites, connections to city centers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dense commercial core, urban grid </li></ul><ul><li>State capitol complex, downtown business district, convention center </li></ul><ul><li>7,000 state employees, many commuters </li></ul><ul><li>Connect to major centers in Baton Rouge: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Downtown, State Capitol, Florida corridor, Tulane campus, Baton Rouge General, BRCC </li></ul></ul>
<ul><li>*MSA (Metropolitan Statistical Area) </li></ul>Baton Rouge Suburban Station Suburban Baton Rouge Station Population Households Employment 125,485 49,013 83,659 % of the MSA 16.3% 17.1% 21.9%
Baton Rouge Suburban Station <ul><li>Possible Park & Ride </li></ul><ul><li>Connect to Mall of Louisiana, offices and hospitals </li></ul><ul><li>Transit link to LSU campus </li></ul><ul><li>Intensive development and land uses integration </li></ul>
<ul><li>*MSA (Metropolitan Statistical Area) </li></ul>Gonzales Town Center Station Gonzales Station Population Households Employment 40,578 14,382 14,808 % of the MSA 5.3% 5.0% 3.9%
Gonzales Town Center Station <ul><li>Station could form basis for strong town center </li></ul><ul><li>Possible Park & Ride location </li></ul>Station Radius Underutilized Vacant Land
<ul><li>*MSA (Metropolitan Statistical Area) </li></ul>LaPlace Town Center Station LaPlace Station Population Households Employment 52,543 14,999 12,350 % of the MSA 4.9% 4.2% 1.7%
LaPlace Town Center Station <ul><li>Station can provide point of connectivity to many places in the region </li></ul><ul><li>Potential Park & Ride location </li></ul><ul><li>Point of connection to multiple transport services </li></ul>
<ul><li>*MSA (Metropolitan Statistical Area) </li></ul>Kenner Suburban Station Kenner Station Population Households Employment 165,258 65,929 118,271 % of the MSA 15.3% 18.2% 15.9%
Kenner Suburban Station <ul><li>Favorable for new development, much available vacant and underutilized land </li></ul><ul><li>Easy and quick connection to New Orleans International Airport </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Travelers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Airport employees </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Stop at car rental lot, built in shuttle service </li></ul>
<ul><li>*MSA (Metropolitan Statistical Area) </li></ul>New Orleans Terminal New Orleans Station Population Households Employment 304,341 180,593 275,709 % of the MSA 28.2% 50.0% 37.1%
<ul><li>Major activity center regionally and statewide </li></ul><ul><li>Existing multi-modal connections </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunity to strengthen link to major attractions and centers for residents and visitors </li></ul><ul><li>Tulane University, Med School, connection to BR Med Sc </li></ul><ul><li>Baton Rouge General Hospital </li></ul><ul><li>LSU Med school in NOLA </li></ul>New Orleans Terminal
Ridership Will Grow <ul><li>Ridership will grow with proven convenience, reliability, time savings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reliable service </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Frequent trips </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alternative to increasing highway congestion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Population growth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increasing fuel price </li></ul></ul>Projected Ridership Opening 2013 Long term 2038 39,000 boardings per month 135,000 boardings per month 460,000 annual boardings 1,500,000 annual boardings
<ul><li>Better integration of land use, transportation and housing policies and practices </li></ul><ul><li>Investment in transportation choices and transit oriented communities to create economic advantage </li></ul><ul><li>We must set clear goals and design our organizations, policies and funding methods to best achieve them </li></ul>Louisiana Needs…