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  1. 1. CONNECT Policy Forum
  2. 2. Part 1: Transportation Roles and Responsibilities
  3. 3. What is the State’s role in transportation ? <ul><li>To provide for the international, interstate, interregional, and interurban movement of people and goods. </li></ul><ul><li>To maintain a basic farm-to-market network. </li></ul><ul><li>To address identified traffic operations and safety issues on state-maintained highways. </li></ul>
  4. 4. What is the State’s role in transportation ? <ul><li>In addition: </li></ul><ul><li>To assist local government officials in addressing local transportation needs. </li></ul><ul><li>- Administer programs (off-system bridge, local road safety, enhancement, safe routes to schools, urban systems, airport priority program, port priority program, rural transit, urban transit ) </li></ul><ul><li>- Advice and training (LTAP) </li></ul><ul><li>- Planning assistance in metropolitan areas and on a pilot basis in non-metro areas </li></ul><ul><li>- Parish Transportation Fund (by formula) </li></ul><ul><li>- Flood control program and public works support </li></ul>
  5. 5. What about Economic Development? From the state’s perspective <ul><li>Three things people call “economic development” </li></ul><ul><li>True Economic Development </li></ul><ul><li>(net increases in employment & income for the state) </li></ul><ul><li>Real Estate Development </li></ul><ul><li>(shifts or growth in population & retail sales) </li></ul><ul><li>Attempts to Stimulate Economic Growth </li></ul><ul><li>(attempts to reverse economic decline & poverty) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Local Responsibilities <ul><li>Manage Growth </li></ul><ul><li>Develop a long-range (20-year) vision </li></ul><ul><li>Set some goals to achieve that vision </li></ul><ul><li>- Preserve character of towns </li></ul><ul><li>- Define and develop city centers/downtowns </li></ul><ul><li>- Architectural themes/standards/zones </li></ul><ul><li>- Placement of schools and other public facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Develop a land use plan that compliments the goals </li></ul><ul><li>Establish mechanisms to implement the plan (zoning, tax incentives) </li></ul><ul><li>Consider development codes and sign ordinances </li></ul>
  7. 7. Local Responsibilities <ul><li>Invest in Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Develop a plan </li></ul><ul><li>Protect local infrastructure – weight enforcement </li></ul><ul><li>Improve local roads </li></ul><ul><li>Build new roads to develop grid </li></ul><ul><li>Think about transit </li></ul><ul><li>- Serving the elderly </li></ul><ul><li>- Workforce development </li></ul><ul><li>Think about walking and biking </li></ul><ul><li>What about other modes – airport, railroad, port </li></ul>
  8. 8. Local Responsibilities <ul><li>Hold Developers Accountable </li></ul><ul><li>Require mitigation of impacts </li></ul><ul><li>- DOTD has a traffic impact policy for state highways </li></ul><ul><li>- Many local governments assess impact fees </li></ul><ul><li>Manage access to improve safety and efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>- require interconnection of parking lots </li></ul><ul><li>- don’t allow driveways too close to intersections </li></ul><ul><li>- limit number and spacing of driveways </li></ul><ul><li>Consider the future – building setbacks </li></ul>
  9. 9. What about Metropolitan Planning Organizations?
  10. 10. What is a Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO)? <ul><li>MPO is the forum for cooperative transportation decision-making for the metropolitan planning area. </li></ul><ul><li>An MPO must be designated for each urbanized area with a population of more than 50,000 by agreement between the Governor and units of general purpose local government that together represent at least 75 percent of the affected population (including the central city). </li></ul><ul><li>Louisiana has 10 MPOs – Alexandria, Baton Rouge, Houma, Lafayette, Lake Charles, Mandeville, Monroe, New Orleans, Sheveport, Slidell </li></ul>
  11. 12. What is a Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO)? <ul><li>An MPO typically includes a technical staff, at least one Technical Advisory Committee, and a Policy Committee. </li></ul><ul><li>The MPO Policy Committee is primarily comprised of local elected officials from the various municipalities within the metro area. </li></ul><ul><li>The MPO Policy Committee is the decision- making body regarding transportation projects within the metropolitan area. </li></ul>
  12. 13. MPO Responsibilities From the State’s perspective <ul><li>Regional Discussion and Visioning </li></ul><ul><li>Provide a forum for discussion of regional transportation issues </li></ul><ul><li>Forge consensus on a vision for the metropolitan area </li></ul><ul><li>Develop goals to achieve that vision </li></ul>
  13. 14. MPO Responsibilities From the State’s perspective <ul><li>Regional Planning and Coordination </li></ul><ul><li>Develop a regional transportation plan based on the vision and goals </li></ul><ul><li>Provide advice, technical data and analyses, and information to assist in local planning efforts </li></ul><ul><li>Coordinate local land use and transportation plans </li></ul><ul><li>- among local governments </li></ul><ul><li>- with the regional transportation plan </li></ul>
  14. 15. MPO Responsibilities From the State’s perspective <ul><li>Administer Transportation Funds </li></ul><ul><li>Administer an open, transparent decision-making process for setting priorities and allocating available funds to implement the regional plan </li></ul><ul><li>Build consensus on regional priorities for requests for additional state or federal funds </li></ul>
  15. 16. Part 2: LA Statewide Transportation Plan
  16. 17. LA Statewide Transportation Plan <ul><li>Louisiana’s current statewide, multimodal transportation plan was adopted in 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>An update of this Plan will begin this year with an anticipated completion in 2013 </li></ul><ul><li>Horizon year = 2043 </li></ul><ul><li>Economic growth for the state is a major focus </li></ul>
  17. 18. LA Statewide Transportation Plan <ul><li>Addresses both freight and passenger transport </li></ul><ul><li>Includes all modes of transportation: </li></ul><ul><li>- highways - ports & waterways </li></ul><ul><li>- aviation - public transit </li></ul><ul><li>- railroads - bicycle & pedestrian </li></ul><ul><li>- trucking - intermodal </li></ul>
  18. 19. LA Statewide Transportation Plan <ul><li>Includes extensive outreach: </li></ul><ul><li>- Website </li></ul><ul><li>- Annual Legislative Public Hearings </li></ul><ul><li>- Scientific Polling </li></ul><ul><li>- Legislative Interviews </li></ul><ul><li>- Stakeholder Interviews (key legislators, etc) </li></ul><ul><li>- 8 Advisory Councils </li></ul><ul><li>- Statewide Conference </li></ul><ul><li>- Review & Comment Period on the Draft Plan </li></ul>
  19. 20. LA Statewide Transportation Plan <ul><li>Advisory Councils </li></ul><ul><li>Aviation </li></ul><ul><li>Community Development and Enhancement </li></ul><ul><li>Freight Railroad </li></ul><ul><li>Ports & Waterways </li></ul><ul><li>Regional Planning Officials </li></ul><ul><li>State Highway Operations and Maintenance </li></ul><ul><li>Trucking </li></ul><ul><li>Intermodal </li></ul>
  20. 21. LA Statewide Transportation Plan <ul><li>Statewide Travel Demand Model will be updated using 2010 Census data </li></ul><ul><li>Extensive freight forecasting and analysis will be undertaken </li></ul><ul><li>Plan will not replace or replicate MPO or local planning </li></ul><ul><li>Plan will include policies, programs, and corridor-level, high-cost infrastructure projects </li></ul>
  21. 22. Part 3: Complete Streets Paratransit
  22. 23. Complete Streets <ul><li>SCR 110 – 2009 Regular Session </li></ul><ul><li>Created Work Group (4 meetings – August to December 2009) </li></ul><ul><li>Interim report sent to House & Senate Trans. Committees – January 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Final report – July 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Policy adopted – July 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Recognized by National Complete Streets Coalition as 2 nd best in country </li></ul><ul><li>DOTD Complete Streets Policy </li></ul><ul><li>Provide for bicyclists & pedestrians on all new & reconstruction projects </li></ul><ul><li>Where practical, provide for bicyclists & pedestrians on other types of projects </li></ul><ul><li>Local government must agree to maintain sidewalks and bicycle facilities outside of the limits of the curb or shoulder </li></ul>
  23. 24. Paratransit <ul><li>HCR 131 – 2011 Regular session </li></ul><ul><li>Establishes the Human Services Coordinated Transit work Group </li></ul><ul><li>23 members chaired by DOTD </li></ul><ul><li>Mission: Review best practices to improve mobility, optimize efficiencies, & mange cost of transit and paratransit services for both able-bodied & disabled persons – report to Legislature </li></ul>
  24. 25. Part 4: Policy Realities
  25. 26. Philosophy <ul><li>“ The more government we can keep at the local levels, in local hands, the better off we are and the more freedom we will have.” </li></ul><ul><li>President Reagan </li></ul><ul><li>Annual Convention of the National Association of Counties, </li></ul><ul><li>Baltimore, Maryland, July 13, 1982 </li></ul><ul><li>“ This administration believes that responsibilities and resources should be restored to the governments which are closest to the people served.” </li></ul><ul><li>President Reagan </li></ul><ul><li>Statement on Indian Policy, </li></ul><ul><li>January 24, 1983 </li></ul>
  26. 27. Philosophy <ul><li> state </li></ul><ul><li>“ Taking power away from federal bureaucracies and giving it back to communities and individuals is something everyone should be able to be for” </li></ul><ul><li>President Clinton </li></ul><ul><li>State of the Union Address to Congress, </li></ul><ul><li>January 25, 1995 </li></ul><ul><li>“ The era of big government is over” </li></ul><ul><li>President Clinton </li></ul><ul><li>State of the Union Address to Congress, </li></ul><ul><li>January 23, 1996 </li></ul>
  27. 28. Policy Realities <ul><li>Current model of strong state – weak local government has been in place for 75 years or more. </li></ul><ul><li>Current model has not produced good results. </li></ul><ul><li>- Louisiana lags behind in many economic and social indicators. </li></ul><ul><li>Many Louisiana citizens believe state government is too big. </li></ul>
  28. 29. Policy Realities <ul><li>Local governments must take more responsibility for: </li></ul><ul><li>- Planning for the future, </li></ul><ul><li>- Solving locals problems, </li></ul><ul><li>- Building, maintaining, and operating infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t look for big government mandates: </li></ul><ul><li>- The State is not going to run roughshod over local governments and communities. </li></ul><ul><li>- The State is moving to a role of providing advice and assistance </li></ul>
  29. 30. Questions?