Unleashing the power of girls_Ben Rhinehart_10.14.11


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  • Links to prevention, c&s, impact mitigation. Complements other programs.
  • Many factors go into selecting appropriate programNot just what we know how to doBefore we look at the market
  • Unleashing the power of girls_Ben Rhinehart_10.14.11

    1. 1. Household Economic Strengthening<br />An introduction<br />October 14, 2011<br />CORE Group Meeting<br />
    2. 2. Livelihoods and Food Security Technical Assistance (LIFT)<br />5 year associate award managed and led by FHI 360 with support from consortium partners Save the Children US and CARE International<br />
    3. 3. LIFT’s goal is to improve access of vulnerable households to quality economic strengthening services that enhance food and livelihood security and promote positive health and nutrition outcomes<br />Our objectives are to:<br />Provide technical assistance and strategic support to USG agencies and their implementing partners to improve the quality of ES programs and activities that support PEPFAR investments.<br />Build an evidence base demonstrating health and nutrition outcomes of ES interventions.<br />Improve access of NACS clients to ES services through referrals and other health systems strengthening activities.<br />
    4. 4. What is “household economic strengthening”?<br />microenterprise<br />market development<br />entrepreneurship<br />IGA<br />insurance<br />permaculture<br />microcredit<br />kitchen gardens<br />value chains<br />cash transfers<br />pensions<br />savings and lending groups<br />social enterprise<br />income generation<br />grants<br />vocational training<br />livelihoods<br />employability<br />
    5. 5. Why is economic strengthening important for health and nutrition?<br />Health, nutrition, vulnerability and economic well-being are closely linked. <br />Sustainable and positive health and nutrition outcomes can’t be achieved while households remain extremely vulnerable and lack access to income.<br />Economic strengthening activities support PEPFAR’s primary objectives<br /><ul><li>HIV prevention
    6. 6. Care, treatment and support
    7. 7. Impact mitigation</li></li></ul><li>How do we determine which activities are most appropriate?<br />Many factors involved: markets, social and legal structures, enabling environments… but first, we must look at the household:<br />Are their immediate needs of food and shelter being met? What are their options? What are their priorities?<br />We can rarely design programs to suit individual household needs, but we can generalize among<br />Households in destitution<br />Households struggling to make ends meet<br />Households prepared to grow<br />
    8. 8. Household economics<br />Small<br />Food<br />Irregular<br />Shelter<br />Healthcare<br />Unpredictable<br />Income generation<br />
    9. 9. Households struggling to make ends meet<br />erratic<br />income<br />erratic<br />expenses<br />Strengthen money management :: savings, credit, storage, financial literacy<br />
    10. 10. Households in destitution<br />(virtually)<br />non-existent<br />income<br />(virtually)<br />non-existent<br />expenses<br />Rebuild capacity to spend money :: cash transfers, asset transfers<br /> Invest in safety nets before families get to this point<br />
    11. 11. Households prepared to grow<br />consistent<br />(though low)<br />expenses<br />erratic<br />income<br />Diversify & grow income :: increase productivity for existing IGAs <br /> invest in new, complementary, & low-risk IGAs<br />
    12. 12. Connecting households along a pathway<br />Expand household income and consumption<br />Decreasing economic vulnerability<br />Smooth household income and promote asset growth<br />Smooth household consumption and manage household cashflow<br />Build self-insurance mechanisms and protect key assets<br />Recover assets and stabilize household consumption<br />
    13. 13. Applying a gender oriented approach to economic strengthening<br />It is important we look at the feasibility of specific interventions<br />What are the opportunity costs associated with certain activities?<br />What other important activities are women engaged in that they might have to scale back on?<br />What can we do to ensure that women are able to control most, if not all of the income they bring in?<br />What legal services are complementary to our efforts?<br />What are “women’s crops” and “men’s crops”?<br />Do activities put women at risk?<br />
    14. 14. How can LIFT and health partners work together? <br />Share in the dialog on health, nutrition and economic strengthening<br />Tell us about your programs, activities and what you’ve done<br />Share your research and ideas about health systems and how health services can be better linked with ES activities and services<br />Talk to us about including ES in your programs, or linking to other ES activities<br />Contact us!<br />brinehart@fhi360.org, LIFT Project<br />tquick@usaid.gov, LIFT AOTR<br />jwolfe@usaid.gov, USAID Household Economic Strengthening Advisor<br />