Starts with less risky topics addressed first and works toward most sensitive topics.
Using only outside health experts means expertise doesn’t stay in institution and is more costly to sustainAllows for better integration into holistic youth programmingKey is that they have training experience – ideally in life skills - and believe in value of RH educationTraining provides chance to get comfortable with ‘risky’ topics and to practice teach.Bring in local health service providers to teach more technical subjects
Especially good for more technical lessons on STIs and contraception
Youth will have diverse levels of knowledge due to age, education level, cultural norms and stigmas
One Size Doesn't Fit All_Venza_5.1.12
Integrating Reproductive Health into Youth Development Programs Angie Venza, Program Director May 2012
International Youth Foundation• Invests in the extraordinary potential of young people.• Works in 73 countries with 200 local partner organizations.• Delivers holistic programs to promote positive youth development – through learning, work and citizenship.
Planning for Life Program 2007 - 2013• Approach: Integrate youth reproductive health/family planning education into on-going youth education, livelihoods, and civic engagement programs.• Goals of Integrated YRH/FP education: Empower youth with information Equip youth with skills to make responsible decisions and behavior choices. Connect youth to resources
Planning for Life: 2007 - 2013• Carried out with local partners in: Philippines, India, Sri Lanka, Kenya, Tanzania, Senegal, Jordan, St. Lucia and Dominican Republic• Resources developed and available: Framework for program integration Program planning matrix, by age Project design and proposal writing guide Ten-lesson curriculum and training guide (in 7 languages; adapted to multiple cultural contexts) FieldNotes offering lessons learned and best practice
Planning for Life Lessons1. Personal Values 6. Sexually-Transmitted2. Puberty Infections3. Reproduction 7. HIV/AIDS4. Teenage 8. Substance Abuse Pregnancy 9. Gender Roles &5. Contraception Stereotypes 10.Gender-Based and Sexual Violence
Planning for LifeWhy integration? Steps to Integration: Helps youth make the 1. Identification of trainers connection between 2. Training of Trainers responsible RH/FP 3. Community mapping & behaviors and life goals. youth surveys Makes effort more 4. Translation and initial sustainable by adaptation of lessons embedding it in institutions 5. Pilot testing with youth Connects efforts to local 6. Final adaptation of lessons community 7. On-going integration into programming
Lesson #1Life skills are prime entry point for integration• Youth should have basic life skills training prior to RH/FP lessons• Skills related to self-awareness, respect, decision-making, conflict resolution, and communications are a base for applying RH• Prior rapport established with trainers and classmates helps make youth more comfortable talking about sensitive RH topics
Lesson #2Utilize non-health experts as trainers• Have life skills training experience• Builds buy-in/commitment and skills among existing staff• More cost–effective to sustain and replicate• Requires awareness raising and training to address sensitive topics• Supplement with outside experts/ service providers for technical subjects
Lesson #3Involve Youth-Friendly Service Providers• Identify and visit local service providers (RH/FP, substance abuse, GBV counseling) to ensure they are youth-friendly• Invite them to participate in trainings to provide technical input and increase youth comfort level• Have a list of youth friendly providers to refer youth
Lesson #4Adapt Delivery and Content to Local Context• Survey youth ahead of training to identify knowledge gaps and cultural biases• Low literacy levels may require more role-plays and active games• Consider segregating classes by gender for some topics• Use an anonymous question box for risky topics• Be sure to address myths and misconceptions
Lesson #5Ensure Community Buy-In• Parents, community/religious leaders, service providers, government, NGO staff, etc.• Critical for youth to have supportive environment• Explain program in non-threatening way to increase comfort level• Invite stakeholders to observe trainings• Find local ‘champions’ to support you, especially if there is resistance