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Equity & Nutrition Through Agriculture_Lewis_5.10.11


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Equity & Nutrition Through Agriculture_Lewis_5.10.11

  1. 1. Gender Informed Nutrition and Agriculture (GINA) Alliance<br />And<br />Nutrition Collaborative Research Support Program<br />Cheryl Jackson Lewis<br />Senior Nutrition and Health Advisor<br />USAID/Bureau for Food Security<br />CORE, Baltimore, MD<br />May 10, 2011<br />1<br />
  2. 2. GINA Program Description<br />2<br />
  3. 3. GINA Goal<br />To use integrated agriculture and health interventions to improve nutritional outcomes of children less than 5 years of age<br />3<br />
  4. 4. Mozambique, Uganda and Nigeria <br />Implement community-based nutrition activities <br />Introduce nutritious crops and animal food sources to complement basic staples <br />Provide technical support to farmer groups to increase yields through better planting, harvesting, storage and processing technologies <br />Provide BCC to ensure that a diversified food supply translated into adequate diets<br />Empower women with knowledge and skills to improve their capacity to care for their children, increase their access to resources, incomes and decision making roles <br />Promote the nutrition dimension in development, poverty and food security plans, policies and budgets at multiple levels.<br />4<br />Objectives<br />
  5. 5. GINA Country-Led Partnership<br />5<br />
  6. 6. Creating the Policy Environment<br />6<br />
  7. 7. AgricultureandNutrition Pathways<br />Sold at <br />market<br />Health<br />Care<br />Non-food<br />cash crops<br />Income<br />Nutritional <br />status <br />Livestock, <br />fish, non-<br />timber forest<br />products<br />Agricultural<br />processing<br />Food<br />Meal<br />preparation<br />Dietary Intake<br />Food<br />crops<br />Human<br />Capital<br />Kept for<br />household<br />Assets &Resources<br />International Center for Research on Women<br />7<br />
  8. 8. Male & Female Domains<br />Sold at <br />market<br />Health<br />Care<br />Non-food<br />cash crops<br />Income<br />Nutritional <br />status <br />Livestock, <br />fish, non-<br />timber forest<br />products<br />Agricultural<br />processing<br />Food<br />Meal<br />preparation<br />Dietary Intake<br />Food<br />crops<br />Human<br />Capital<br />Kept for<br />household<br />Assets & Resources<br /> International Center for Research on Women<br />8<br />
  9. 9. Gender Perspective<br />Address male and female domains; agriculture and health domains<br />Though focus was on women, participation by men was significant<br />Special emphasis on women because of their role as care givers, producers, processors of food<br />The implications of the project on household resources <br />9<br />
  10. 10. The Health Perspective of GINA: Strengthening Efforts to Reduce Childhood Undernutrition<br />
  11. 11. GINA Outcomes<br />11<br />
  12. 12. Policy Outcomes<br />Policies and Strategies to address hunger, food insecurity and under-nutrition<br />Nutrition positioned in the national development policy frameworks<br />Multi-disciplinary Advisory Committees at National/Local levels<br />National Food and Nutrition Policy<br />National Plan of Action for<br />Food and Nutrition Security<br />12<br />
  13. 13. Agricultural Outcomes<br />Improved farm management practices<br />Increased availability of nutritious foods in participating households <br />23 Technologies Transferred<br />Linkages to Markets<br />GINA Farmer Groups organized into functioning entities<br />GINA groups have included both men and women farmers, which yielded many benefits for participants<br />13<br />
  14. 14. 14<br />Backyard<br />Gardens<br />Community demonstration gardens <br />Small Ruminants<br />
  15. 15. Income Generating Activities <br />Smoked fish for sale<br />Processing cassava into Gari<br />Processing oil from palm kennels <br />15<br />
  16. 16. <ul><li>Nutritional Status improved for 3,000 children in targeted areas in Nigeria, Mozambique and Uganda
  17. 17. GINA II Average (Wt/Age)
  18. 18. 32.% (baseline)
  19. 19. 14.1% (final)
  20. 20. Growth Monitoring and Promotion
  21. 21. Monthly GMP sessions plus health activities based on Essential Nutrition Actions for children 0-5 years
  22. 22. Trained 200 community leaders on essential nutrition actions
  23. 23. 80 growth promoters trained to monitor and weigh children
  24. 24. Increased knowledge of women about IYCF Practices</li></ul>16<br />Nutrition Outcomes<br />
  25. 25. Gender Outcomes<br />Empowerment of women and men with:<br />Knowledge and skills to prevent or reverse undernutrition<br />Access to technical resources to improve food production and food processing<br />Increased participation in decision making<br />17<br />
  26. 26. Best Practices<br />18<br />
  27. 27. Best Practice 1- Geographical Information System<br />19<br />
  28. 28. Best Practice 2<br />Strengthen linkages between policies, programs, & actions:<br /><ul><li>Two-pronged strategy - Top-down and bottom-up
  29. 29. Coordination of Multiple Ministries</li></ul>20<br />
  30. 30. Best Practice 3 <br />Translating Policies and Action Plans to Program Implementation<br /><ul><li>Strong Advocacy - Champions
  31. 31. Strong Technical Skills</li></ul>21<br />
  32. 32. Best Practice 4<br />Capacity Building<br /><ul><li>Project Management Capacity – National, provincial, state and local
  33. 33. Financial Management Capacity
  34. 34. Management - Performance and Accountability Standards
  35. 35. Field Based Implementation Capacity
  36. 36. Current Technical Issues</li></ul>22<br />
  37. 37. Best Practice 5<br />Utilize Integrated Community-Based Activities<br />Sensitize and raise awareness about nutrition and health with :<br />Farmer groups<br />Community Based Organizations<br />Local Chiefs Councils <br />Rural Communities<br />Social marketing and behavioral change component<br />Farmer exchange visits<br />23<br />
  38. 38. Best Practice 6<br />Select implementing partners with strong and established local networks <br />Ensure adequate timeframe for community participatory approach to promote project ownership and participation <br />Well trained health workers and social promoters were essential for the dialogue with mothers and caretakers and increased community engagement to promote GMP, IYCF practices and agricultural practices<br />24<br />
  39. 39. Nutrition Collaborative Research Support Program<br />25<br />
  40. 40. Nutrition Collaborative Research Support Program (NCRSP)<br />Creating the Evidence Base<br />Tufts University<br />$15 Million USD<br />USAID/Uganda<br />USAID/Nepal<br />Themes:<br />Improve the nutritional status of women and children through agriculture and food based programs<br />Scientific Research <br />Developing Host Country Human and Institutional Capacity<br />26<br />
  41. 41. Nutrition Collaborative Research Support Program (NCRSP)<br />Aim:<br />To determine which investments in agriculture based strategies, policies, and health can be used to achieve:<br />Large scale and sustainable improvements in nutritional outcomes<br />Improvements in dietary diversity, dietary quality and improved IYCF <br />Improved community capacity to combat under-nutrition <br />27<br />
  42. 42. Let us be united, sharing each othersexperiencesWalking across countries, Walking the worldShowing what we do, Surpassing the limitsWE CAN BE THE BEST NUTRITION, HEALTH AND AGRICULTURE AMBASSADORS<br />WE CAN CHANGE REALITY OF HUNGER IN THE WORLD<br />28<br />