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Gender Analysis
for Global Health
Programs

October 15, 2013
CORE Group Fall Meeting
Joy Cunningham
Jennifer Pendleton
Eli...
Agenda
 Welcome/Introductions
 Gender Overview – Terminology and Approaches
 USAID Policy on Gender Equality and Female...
Gender
Rules for how women and men should behave
What does “gender” mean?
The roles, responsibilities, behavior and attributes that a particular
society considers appropri...
Why does gender matter?
•

Adherence to rigid gender
roles can create a gender gap

Women

Men

unequal options, opportuni...
Gender influences women’s and
men’s experiences related to
health
•

Exposure to risk factors

•

„ Access to & understand...
Gender Integration
Developing or adapting programs to remove gender
as a barrier to good health
Gender Integration Continuum

Source: See www.igwg.org

8
Gender approaches
Health program
area

Gender barrier

Accommodative Transformative
Approach
Approach

Maternal health

Wo...
USAID Policy on Gender Equality
and Female Empowerment
USG Policy Overview
 USAID Gender Equality & Female Empowerment Policy
 US Strategy to Prevent & Respond to GBV Globally...
Gender Equality and Female
Empowerment Policy
Goal:
Improve the lives of citizens around the world by
advancing equality b...
Overarching Objectives
 Reduce gender disparities in access to, control over and

benefit from resources, wealth, opportu...
Operational Principles
 Integrate gender equality and female empowerment into

USAID’s work
 Pursue an inclusive approac...
• Gender Analysis
• A tool to help us better
understand women’s and
men’s lives
What is Gender Analysis?
Examines relational differences in women’s
and men’s and girls’ and boys’
 roles and identities
...
Applying a gender lens
Laws do not support men’s
involvement in family planning

Health Program

Laws do not protect women...
The Gender Pie
Knowledge, be
liefs and
perceptions
Power

Legal rights
and status

Access to
resources

Practices, role
s ...
Gender Analysis In Practice
Case Study: Timor Leste
Small Group Activity
Thank You!
www.healthpolicyproject.com

The Health Policy Project is a five-year cooperative agreement funded by the U.S. ...
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Gender Analysis for Global Health_10.15.13

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Gender Analysis for Global Health_10.15.13

  1. 1. Gender Analysis for Global Health Programs October 15, 2013 CORE Group Fall Meeting Joy Cunningham Jennifer Pendleton Elisabeth Rottach
  2. 2. Agenda  Welcome/Introductions  Gender Overview – Terminology and Approaches  USAID Policy on Gender Equality and Female Empowerment  Participant Approaches and Successes in Gender  Gender Integration in Practice  Conclusion and Resources
  3. 3. Gender Rules for how women and men should behave
  4. 4. What does “gender” mean? The roles, responsibilities, behavior and attributes that a particular society considers appropriate for women and men
  5. 5. Why does gender matter? • Adherence to rigid gender roles can create a gender gap Women Men unequal options, opportunities and realities that women and men experience • Inequality impacts health, influences health programs Source: WHO, Why Gender and Health? 5
  6. 6. Gender influences women’s and men’s experiences related to health • Exposure to risk factors • „ Access to & understanding of information about health • Patterns of service use • Health decision-making • „ Perceptions of quality of care Source: Adapted from Caro 2009 6
  7. 7. Gender Integration Developing or adapting programs to remove gender as a barrier to good health
  8. 8. Gender Integration Continuum Source: See www.igwg.org 8
  9. 9. Gender approaches Health program area Gender barrier Accommodative Transformative Approach Approach Maternal health Women do not have access or control over own income Provide free maternal and child health services Provide free maternal and child health services AND foster women’s credit and savings groups Family planning Men are final decisionmakers regarding use of contraceptives Integrate FP counseling into neonatal visits Offer couple counseling on FP (constructive male engagement) Maternal and neonatal health Women’s heavy workload does not permit time to visit health clinic for antenatal visits Conduct antenatal home visits Conduct SBCC campaign to promote more equitable sharing of household work amongst couples 9
  10. 10. USAID Policy on Gender Equality and Female Empowerment
  11. 11. USG Policy Overview  USAID Gender Equality & Female Empowerment Policy  US Strategy to Prevent & Respond to GBV Globally  USAID Vision for Action: Ending Child Marriage & Meeting the needs of Married Children  Counter-Trafficking in Persons  National Action Plan on Women, Peace, and Secutrity  Youth in Development Policy  USG Action Plan on Children in Adversity
  12. 12. Gender Equality and Female Empowerment Policy Goal: Improve the lives of citizens around the world by advancing equality between females and males, and empowering women and girls to participate fully in and benefit from the development of their societies.
  13. 13. Overarching Objectives  Reduce gender disparities in access to, control over and benefit from resources, wealth, opportunities and services economic, social, political, and cultural;  Reduce gender-based violence and mitigate its harmful effects on individuals and communities; and  Increase capability of women and girls to realize their rights, determine their life outcomes, and influence decision-making in households, communities, and societies.
  14. 14. Operational Principles  Integrate gender equality and female empowerment into USAID’s work  Pursue an inclusive approach to foster equality  Build partnerships across a wide range of stakeholders  Harness science, technology, and innovation to reduce gender gaps and empower women and girls  Address the unique challenges in crisis and conflict-affected environments  Serve as a thought-leader and a learning community  Hold ourselves accountable
  15. 15. • Gender Analysis • A tool to help us better understand women’s and men’s lives
  16. 16. What is Gender Analysis? Examines relational differences in women’s and men’s and girls’ and boys’  roles and identities  needs and interests  access to and exercise of power and the impact of these differences in their lives and health.
  17. 17. Applying a gender lens Laws do not support men’s involvement in family planning Health Program Laws do not protect women from violence Social norms encourage men to be strong - discourage them from being nurturing fathers Community norms devalue women’s health issues FP services target women, therefore men are uninformed about contraceptives but still the key decision-maker regarding FP use Beliefs that men are weak if they seek health care Has to ask permission from her husband to leave the home Limited control over income
  18. 18. The Gender Pie Knowledge, be liefs and perceptions Power Legal rights and status Access to resources Practices, role s and participation
  19. 19. Gender Analysis In Practice Case Study: Timor Leste Small Group Activity
  20. 20. Thank You! www.healthpolicyproject.com The Health Policy Project is a five-year cooperative agreement funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development under Agreement No. AID-OAA-A-10-00067, beginning September 30, 2010. It is implemented by Futures Group, in collaboration with CEDPA (CEDPA is now a part of Plan International USA), Futures Institute, Partners in Population and Development, Africa Regional Office (PPD ARO), Population Reference Bureau (PRB), RTI International, and the White Ribbon Alliance for Safe Motherhood (WRA). Join the discussion: Community of Practice on Scale-up and Gender, Policy and Measurement, at http://knowledge-gateway.org/scaleupcop

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