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Adolscents to Youth to Young Adults_Outterson_5.11.11


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Adolscents to Youth to Young Adults_Outterson_5.11.11

  1. 1. <ul><li>Integrated Approaches for Adolescents </li></ul><ul><li>Save the Children’s experience </li></ul><ul><li>May 11, 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>Beth Outterson, Director, Adolescent Health </li></ul><ul><li>Save the Children </li></ul>
  2. 2. Outline <ul><li>Save the Children’s Sponsorship context </li></ul><ul><li>Rationale for Adolescent Development </li></ul><ul><li>Adolescent Development approach </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits of Adolescent Development </li></ul>
  3. 3. Save the Children’s Sponsorship Context <ul><li>Early Child Care and Development for 3-6, Basic Education and School health and Nutrition for 6-12, and Adolescent Development for age12-18. </li></ul><ul><li>Adolescent Development integrates reproductive and sexual health with Livelihoods readiness and/or non-formal education </li></ul><ul><li>Bangladesh, Bolivia, Philippines, Mozambique, Nepal, Ethiopia and Egypt </li></ul><ul><li>Sustained Funding for 10+ years </li></ul>
  4. 4. Assessment: Rationale for an integrated approach <ul><li>Why: test whether young people are better able to develop and succeed if they are engaged in an integrated, multi-sectoral program. </li></ul><ul><li>Focus: Program design and management </li></ul><ul><li>When : 1 year pilot 2007-2008, Assessment 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Where: Nepal, Philippines and Bolivia </li></ul><ul><li>Indicators : </li></ul><ul><li>Increased  assets </li></ul><ul><li>Use of key reproductive health services </li></ul><ul><li>Educational attainment </li></ul><ul><li>Improved livelihoods </li></ul><ul><li>Changes in management </li></ul>
  5. 5. Data Collection Methods and Analysis <ul><li>Review of program reports and service data </li></ul><ul><li>FGDs and interviews with stakeholders: youth, parents, trainers, SC staff and NGO partners. religious and community leaders </li></ul><ul><li>content: design and quality of program integration, and efficiency of process </li></ul><ul><li>Each country integrated in their own way but there were some common findings across countries. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Assessment Findings <ul><li>Integrated program was preferred </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Generally field-led. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Each sector delivers value. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Assets are a useful organizing framework, </li></ul><ul><li>Integration most successful in reaching in-school youth; difficult for the most vulnerable to participate. </li></ul><ul><li>Youth-led interventions are effective in addressing critical needs. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>May offer ways to reach more marginal youth. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Could be useful in keeping older youth engaged. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Programs could benefit from more gender-specific activities. </li></ul><ul><li>Programs do not always respond to some key risks faced by youth. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Measuring Developmental Assets <ul><li>Assets: concrete, common sense positive experiences and qualities essential to raising successful young people </li></ul><ul><li>Search institute’s Development Assets Profile tracks changes in categories of assets </li></ul><ul><li>40 internal and external assets </li></ul><ul><li>8 categories: support, empowerment, boundaries and expectations, constructive use of time, commitment to learning, positive values, social competencies and positive identity </li></ul><ul><li>Many uses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Baseline </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>situation analysis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>track change over time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reflection tool for adolescents </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Male Female Nepal – Siraha District Comparison of Boys & Girls Across Time Note – dashed lines represent Time 2 values
  9. 9. Adolescent Development (AD) Program Approach
  10. 10. Characteristics of AD Approach <ul><li>Targets adolescents 12-18 </li></ul><ul><li>Multi-sectoral </li></ul><ul><li>assets based </li></ul><ul><li>Develops skills </li></ul><ul><li>Promotes adolescent friendly services </li></ul><ul><li>Integrates adolescent-led activities </li></ul>
  11. 11. Principles of Adolescent Development <ul><li>Participatory and empowering </li></ul><ul><li>Gender sensitive and inclusive </li></ul><ul><li>Safe and protective </li></ul><ul><li>Assets based </li></ul><ul><li>Adolescent centered and age appropriate </li></ul><ul><li>Seek to scale up successful strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Accountable for results </li></ul><ul><li>Teams collaborate and partner </li></ul><ul><li>Teams innovate and document </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated, sustainable, and cost effective </li></ul>
  12. 13. Opportunities for Links to other Core Programs <ul><li>Early Childhood development – age 3-6 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Child rearing training for adolescent caregivers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parenting education for adolescent mothers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adolescents can lead learning programs for young children, and volunteer (clinic, etc) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Basic Education- age 6-12 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Keeping girls in school ---prevents early marriage! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Include messages on gender equity in the classroom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide age appropriate messages on health and physical development in an open dialogue—this builds knowledge and empowerment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>School health and Nutrition- age 6-12 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Include SRH concerns in SHN curricula, with activities on puberty, gender, sexuality, STI and HIV/AIDS prevention </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establish separate latrines for girls in the school setting </li></ul></ul>Adolescent Development links with other programs
  13. 14. Continuing Benefits of Integration <ul><li>For Adolescents </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enables young people to access services from where they are – in the community, in the school </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promotes participation of marginalized groups </li></ul></ul><ul><li>For the Program </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enables linkages between sectors for adolescents and engages them in service learning with younger ages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fertile ground for research at relatively low cost </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enables asset measurement over time </li></ul></ul>