*My Story - Central America: Guerra, pobreza, trauma y resiliencia *Where there is no doctor – David Werner - Return to US in 1998 - “Where there is no Psychologist” *Faced daily with stories of trauma/pain (personal and listening to others) *STAR is the resource I was looking for…….want every caregiver, humanitarian aid worker, administrator to have this resource WHO are you: Introductions (name/country of origin) Plan for the morning; The impact of trauma on the body, brain and behavior Some tools and processes for addressing trauma and building resilience
Trauma-informed, conflict-sensitive, justice-oriented 12-year old program (More about it later) Acknowledge CWS indivd/orgs who are there. Would like to know ALL of your stories – where they work, what they do etc.
Difference between trauma/traumatic event and being traumatized Physical and emotional wound comparison
What kinds of traumatic events do CHW encounter in their work ( accident, natural disaster, historical harms, violence or sustained poverty). Make sure list includes: Dignity violations/oppressive structures; divorce, betrayal, life-threatening illness, prolonged conflict, collective historic trauma, etc.
When we recognize that something is wrong, we often don’t know what to do about it – ACT – El Salvador - humanitarian aid……we know how to get water, food, shelter but don’t know what to say when sitting with the people in the evening. Jeanette Knicely – Guatemala…….
Often because they don’t know what to do if people start to cry.
In recent years, humanitarian and development orgs recognizing these needs more and increasingly using psychosocial programs when working with disasters or violence. This support is vital but often 2 drawbacks: *the stigma those receiving services often face The fact that addressing economic hardship is outside the mandate of most psychosocial projects.
Children witnessing violence – shorter DNA.
Includes 4 things that being trauma-informed means……
The natural physical response to threat = fight/flight The freeze response traps the fight/flight energy in the body in the nervous system and muscles. (Peter Levine in Waking the Tiger )
If it is not released, it caused stress or trauma reactions in individuals and groupsInstinctual responses of wild animals after “freezing” This discharges the compressed energy, completing a natural physiological process . (Levine, Waking the Tiger) Polar Bear clip
Read the Levine advice from Boston
When we act out ……we hurt others and create more victims…….cycles of violence go on and on
Hurt people hurt people Passed from generation to generation Links Between Unhealed Trauma and Cycles of Violence
Jin Shin Jyutsu physio-philosophy – an ancient art of harmonizing the life energy in the body. Promotes the natural healing processes of the body
Meaning-making creatures - in addition to shaking, need narrative – space to tell our stories Narratives can either keep us stuck or help us move forward Include this in your health plan Acknowledgement Allows the story of what happened to be told (storytelling) Counteracts the isolation, silence, fear, shame, or “unspeakable horror” Mourning and Grieving “unfreeze” the body
STAR Snail Model: Awareness tool for individual/orgs who want to be trauma/resilience-informed to better help others An assessment tool for helping themselves as they help others – (self-care) and for identifying other tools they need for their work (FJ, CT, etc. 2. STAR’s Snail model includes many of the body/mind tools like Capacitar Aknowledgement/listening/storytelling is a major component of the snail model like Cabrera Especially in human-caused trauma, reconnection is very important part of breaking cycles of violence - RJ, CT, reconciliation
And here we are
Works in a variety of contexts……..gives people a framework to hang their experiences on….. “ invitational” – for victims and offenders
Trauma-Informed Community Health Workers_Elaine Zook Barge_4.23.13