Chapter 9 and 10: Groups

949 views

Published on

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
949
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
19
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Chapter 9 and 10: Groups

  1. 1. CHAPTERS 9 and 10 Groups
  2. 2. GROUPS What are they good for?
  3. 3. Advantages Disadvantages <ul><li>Risky shift phenomena </li></ul><ul><li>Many viewpoints </li></ul><ul><li>Challenging ideas before they are put into place </li></ul><ul><li>Greater commitment to the decision reached </li></ul><ul><li>Time-consuming </li></ul><ul><li>Individuality sacrificed </li></ul><ul><li>Groupthink </li></ul><ul><li>Social loafing </li></ul>
  4. 4. Types of groups <ul><li>Work teams </li></ul><ul><li>Study Groups </li></ul><ul><li>Support Groups </li></ul><ul><li>Committees </li></ul><ul><li>Media conferences </li></ul><ul><li>Focus groups </li></ul><ul><li>Families </li></ul><ul><li>Public meetings </li></ul><ul><li>Town meetings </li></ul>
  5. 5. Group operations
  6. 6. What motivated you to choose your group members?
  7. 7. Group operations <ul><li>Group comes together to accomplish a task </li></ul>
  8. 8. What conflicts arose as the group decided what to draw and how / who would draw it?
  9. 9. Group operations <ul><li>Causes of conflict </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Power struggle </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Personal problems with the rules of operation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Personality conflicts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>If storming doesn ’t happen make sure it’s not because of groupthink </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Power </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Expert </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Referent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reward </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coercive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Legitimate </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Group Leadership
  12. 12. How did you resolve conflicts?
  13. 13. Group operations <ul><li>Group norms are established </li></ul>
  14. 14. Group operations <ul><li>Members feel commitment to the group </li></ul>
  15. 15. Once you started drawing, who made suggestions? Who actually did the drawing?
  16. 16. Group operations <ul><li>Action stage </li></ul><ul><li>Group works towards goals and makes decisions </li></ul><ul><li>Decision-making is influenced by the task and maintenance dimensions </li></ul>
  17. 17. Communicative Roles <ul><li>  Communicative maintenance roles </li></ul><ul><li>Treat others with respect </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain a positive attitude </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage others </li></ul><ul><li>Pay attention to nonverbal messages </li></ul><ul><li>Assume an active role </li></ul><ul><li>Communicative task roles </li></ul><ul><li>Initiating ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Encouraging ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Using reasoned thought </li></ul><ul><li>Staying open-minded </li></ul><ul><li>Being aware of hidden agendas </li></ul><ul><li>Being attentive to nonverbal cues </li></ul><ul><li>Being cognizant of time constraints </li></ul>
  18. 18. How / why did the group disperse?
  19. 19. Group operations <ul><li>All groups need closure </li></ul>
  20. 20. More on group participants
  21. 21. The Group Participant <ul><li>Enthusiastic </li></ul><ul><li>Intelligent </li></ul><ul><li>Self-reliant </li></ul><ul><li>Communicates with other members </li></ul><ul><li>Actively engages in the work of the group </li></ul><ul><li>Critically assesses group decisions </li></ul><ul><li>Contributes creative ideas </li></ul>
  22. 22. Shared Responsibilites <ul><li>All members should be knowledgeable </li></ul><ul><li>Dominators can destroy the group </li></ul><ul><li>It ’s your right NOT to participate. But you agree to give up your responsibilities and your privileges if you don’t </li></ul><ul><li>Participants should recognize that rejection of their ideas is not a rejection of them as people </li></ul><ul><li>Prejudices and beliefs may need to be set aside, but not by peer pressure </li></ul>
  23. 23. Dealing with Difficult Group Members <ul><li>Impossible members run the risk of being expelled or ignored </li></ul><ul><li>Don ’t try to appease them </li></ul><ul><li>Resist the temptation to react reciprocally </li></ul><ul><li>Don ’t give them a soapbox </li></ul><ul><li>Try to convert the disruption into </li></ul><ul><li>a contribution </li></ul><ul><li>Confront the person directly </li></ul><ul><li>Separate yourself from the person </li></ul>

×