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The Impact of Digital Engineering – Tim Broyd (ICE) #COMIT2016

Presentation by Tim Broyd, Director of UCL Institute of Digital Innovation in the Built Environment at COMIT 2016: Digitally Building Britain, September 2016
More information: http://www.comit.org.uk/liveblog

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The Impact of Digital Engineering – Tim Broyd (ICE) #COMIT2016

  1. 1. The Impact of Digital Engineering Tim Broyd Director of UCL Institute of Digital Innovation in the Built Environment Professor of Built Environment Foresight, UCL Hon. Professor of Civil Engineering, UCL President Elect, Institution of Civil Engineers Vice Chairman, Construction Industry Council Bentley, London, 20sep2016
  2. 2. Liverpool Manchester Railway • Opened 1830 • 35 miles • 2 mile tunnel • 2 mile cutting 70’ deep in hard rock • 64 stone and masonry bridges, 9-arch viaduct • 4.75 mile crossing a bog • 4’ 8.5” gauge, double track • Max grade 1 in 50 • Part of Network Rail system
  3. 3. Architect Structural Engineer Building Owner Construction Manager Building Services Engineer Controls Engineer Civil Engineer Facilities Manager The 1999 James Forrest Lecture Progress within projects - communications Current information interchange
  4. 4. Civil Engineer Architect Structural Engineer Building Owner Facilities Manager Construction Manager Building Services Engineer Controls Engineer Shared Project Model The 1999 James Forrest Lecture Progress within projects - communications Shared information
  5. 5. Progress within projects - concept Toggle switches control the on/off display of the relevant discipline specific view of the overall model Toggle buttons control the on/off display of the separate sub-models The 1999 James Forrest Lecture
  6. 6. Progress within projects - concept The 1999 James Forrest Lecture
  7. 7. Progress within projects - concept The 1999 James Forrest Lecture
  8. 8. Egan targets • Capital cost -10%pa • Construction time -10%pa • Predictability +20%pa • Defects -20%pa • Accidents -20%pa • Productivity +10%pa • Turnover and profits +10%pa
  9. 9. 2004 $15.8 billion/year
  10. 10. 29 June 2009 Interoperability: Shift to Digital Design of Design Changes Cost Abilityto cost control Concept Outline Design Detail design Const Docs Construction Effort Time Traditional Design Digital Design Digital Design shifts the bulk of project work to the Design phase to help coordinate building systems and the project and manage project costs Source: International Alliance for Interoperability, 2007Source: International Alliance for Interoperability, 2007
  11. 11. Collaboration and Interoperability
  12. 12. Dear Chief Secretary I’m sorry to tell you there’s no money left.
  13. 13. The Government Strategy
  14. 14. External forces - customers • United Kingdom – Government Construction Strategy (May 2011) • “2.32 Government will require fully collaborative 3D BIM (with all project and asset information, documentation and data being electronic) as a minimum by 2016.” – BIS BIM recommendations (March 2011) • Leave complexity and competition in the supply chain • Be very specific with supply chain providers, they will only provide that which is asked for • Measure and make use of outputs • Provide appropriate support infrastructure • Take progressive steps • Have a clear target for the ‘trailing edge’ of the industry • North America – BIM techniques mandated by an increasing number of: • States • Cities • Federal and other customers (eg GSA – General Services Administration) – Use of ‘BIM tools’ (eg Revit) were becoming a hygiene factor for property design
  15. 15. What is BIM?
  16. 16. Government Soft Landings POE
  17. 17. 29 June 2009
  18. 18. UK Budget Report – March 2016
  19. 19. CEGE – 3DIMPactDepartment of Civil, Environmental & Geomatic Engineering (CEGE) 3D Imaging, Metrology, Photogrammetry Applied Coordinate Technologies (3DIMPact) Optical non-contact railway track measurement with static terrestrial laser scanning A. Soni, S. Robson, B. Gleeson University College London & Network Rail, U.K.
  20. 20. 55 1World class railway 5Tunnel main drives 19Boroughs passed through 37Upgraded or new stations 2x21KM of tunnel under London Setting the scene
  21. 21. 1 Common Data Environment • EDMS • ECMS • Master data management • Client owns the systems • Client owns the data 3 key requirements
  22. 22. Common Data Environment Element: WCH Element: LIV Element: TCR Element: Bond St Stn Element Handover “Playlists”Contract Templates for each facility LUL Information Element: CWF Element : CH Element: Woolwich RfL Information Data Checks: •Compliance Reviews •CARE •MAID •etc How we are handing over the CDE from Capex into Opex.. But what if operators and maintainers are application – centric? Data Handover Concept…...Data handover concept
  23. 23. Version Controlled 3D Repository Building Information Modelling - Mandated by the Cabinet Office on all public construction by 2016 - Up to 20% cost reduction - Common data environment specified by the British Standards Institution d Entire Construction Supply Chain - Architects, engineers, contractors - Facilities managers - Clients & stakeholders - General public (public inquiry) d Open Data Collaboration - Fully open source - Freemium business model - 40+ 3D data formats - Endpoint encryption via SSL certificates - Cross-platform, web, mobile
  24. 24. • Arup sponsors EngD research in Virtual Environments, Imaging and Visualisation at UCL => result is 3D Repo • Finalist of the Royal Academy of Engineering ERA Foundation Entrepreneurs Awards • Winner of Innovate UK Smart Round 5 grant • Winner of the Breakthrough Information Technology Exchange Award for Olympic Stadium Transformation project with Balfour Beatty • Finalist of the EPSRC UK ICT Research Pioneers Awards • Winner of the MongoDB World Innovation Award in the open source category • 3D Repo receives angel proof of concept funding 2010-2015 2014 • Winner of Innovate UK Digitising the Construction Sector grant with Balfour Beatty and the FIS • Winner of the EIT Digital Mobile Data for Control Rooms grant with KTH and Thales • Winner of the EIT Digital Trusted Cloud High Impact Initiative with VTT, BT and F- Secure • Winner of Cognicity Challenge by Canary Wharf Group Plc • 3D Repo receives VC seed funding led by Sussex Place Ventures of London Business School • Piloted by Canary Wharf Contractors on the Wood Wharf Development • Winner of Horizon 2020 grant with BT, HP and SAP 2015 2016
  25. 25. • World’s oldest engineering institution • Founded in 1818 • Royal charter 1828 • Currently >90,000 members in >150 countries • Main responsibilities • Being a qualifying body - providing an internationally recognised civil engineering professional qualification • Being a centre of excellence for civil engineering knowledge • Promoting the civil engineering profession by ensuring that as many as possible understand the positive impact that civil engineers have on society
  26. 26.  Created in 2012  Helps UK Government BIM Task Group to deliver the BIM Strategy  Develops and shares knowledge  Develops and provides training  ICE BIM Conferences - five annual conferences since 2011, growing in popularity and stature The ICE BIM Action Group
  27. 27. Institution of Civil EngineersBIM and ICE ICE will develop and support the world’s best digitally enabled civil engineers and will provide thought leadership and direction to the way BIM is implemented throughout the built environment. Vision
  28. 28. Institution of Civil EngineersBIM and ICE Case studies  Modelling Canary Wharf station  Implementing BIM on the Manchester Victoria station redevelopment  Lean Construction Management in Spain Webinars Building Information Modelling: History, purpose and benefits – webinar Lean Construction Management and BIM: How to speed up construction Books BIM in Principle and in Practice, 2nd Edition BIM in Healthcare Infrastructure: Planning, design and construction coming soon Journals Proceedings of the ICE - Management, Procurement and Law Civil Engineering Infrastructure Asset Management Training Heat Map Knowledge Outputs
  29. 29. Institution of Civil EngineersBIM and ICE  2013 First one  2014 Gaining traction  2015 Wide awareness ICE BIM Heat Map - Survey of industry reaction to BIM implementation
  30. 30. Institution of Civil EngineersBIM and ICE ICE BIM Heat Map - 2015
  31. 31. Institution of Civil EngineersBIM and ICE ICE BIM 2016 20 October, London Save the Date The annual BIM conference ice- bim.com@ice_BIM
  32. 32. Institution of Civil EngineersBIM and ICE  To provide thought leadership on the digital economy for the global social infrastructure. (To identify, create and share best practice)  To broaden the response to the ICE BIM Heat Map  To establish and monitor where our industry stands on BIM  To establish and monitor where our industry stands on Smarter Cities/ Future Cities and the interface with BIM  To determine and monitor the Legal Implications  To plan and support development of Publications and Events  To support the developing UK BIM Alliance Next 3 years – support the BIM Strategy:
  33. 33. Institute for Digital Innovation in the Built Environment WHY (example) Characteristics of UK built environment sector •Includes both buildings and national economic infrastructure •Capital procurement = 6.7% GDP, 2.9m jobs, 280k businesses, 10% GDP if include Facilities & Asset Management •Currently fragmented, low collaboration and poorly integrated information •UK Government setting pace via Building Information Modelling •UCL at forefront of this shift and seen as a pathfinder •2025 Government / Industry targets of lifetime cost and carbon reductions of 33% and 50%, + 50% time compression •These targets require disruptive innovation – incremental innovation will be insufficient WHAT Our vision The UCL Institute for Digital Innovation in the Built Environment provides cutting-edge insight into the design and use of digital systems to shape future architectural and built environment practice. Our forward-looking approach combines expertise across UCL — from BIM to behaviour change, smart cities to big data and the Internet of everything — to critically interrogate the imaginative and disruptive potential of these systems. We are based in The Bartlett: UCL's global faculty of the built environment. HOW Anticipated activities – pan UCL •MSc Digital Innovation in the Built Environment - 2017 •Series of MSc programmes in development •PhD and CDT / EngD programmes •Research •Industry club including Digital Talks / bi-monthly series •Ideas Incubator •CPD •Consultancy Launching 01 August 2016 iDIBE Director — Prof Tim Broyd tim.broyd@ucl.ac.uk Let’s talk….
  34. 34. Institute for Digital Innovation in the Built EnvironmentDIBE Masters Programme Compulsory Modules •Principles of Asset, Project and Facilities Management •Principles and applications of BIM •Spatial Databases and Data Management •Applied BIM •Digital Life Cycle Management •Internet of Things Optional Modules •Service Operations Management •Management Concepts for Facilities •Strategic Project and Quality Management •BIM for Project Managers •Data Analysis •Smart Cities: Context, Policy and Government
  35. 35. The bad…….. • Substituting precision for accuracy (and beware ‘false accuracy’) • Necessary use of ‘black box’ software • Forgetting the principles of what and why things are being done • Losing the ability to brief • Incomplete data dictionaries • Developing new forms of Trust
  36. 36. The ugly…….. • Non-interoperable software • Handling large data sets and files • COBie • Forcing collaboration through process and technology • Patchy and inconsistent IFC development
  37. 37. And finally…….. • Digital engineering is here to stay, so embrace it • Don’t forget engineering principles – digital engineering is a facilitator not a replacement for engineering judgement • Don’t forget that sensors, of all kinds, need regular calibration and testing. Do they provide ‘the truth’? Do they provide ‘the whole truth’? • Collaboration is key
  38. 38. Thank you tim.broyd@ucl.ac.uk
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Presentation by Tim Broyd, Director of UCL Institute of Digital Innovation in the Built Environment at COMIT 2016: Digitally Building Britain, September 2016 More information: http://www.comit.org.uk/liveblog

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