The Ministry of National Education is formed of four parts as………..
As the last aspect of education I want to inform you about general structure of Turkish National Education System, as you see it is formed of two main parts These are
The first one the formal education and it is composed of four parts
The second is one non- formal education and it involves all educational and training activities organized for the individuals that have never participated in formal education system or left school in one of the levels of this system.
Public, apprentship and distance education are the basic means of realizing non-formal education.
Transition from VET to general high shool or from general high school to VET ıs possible at the end of grade 9. A VET student decides which sector he will choose also at the end of grade 9. At 10 th grade he specializes in the field of education . At the end og grade 10 he may choose to change the field of education in case he gets make-up training in which he is tarined on the neccessary modules for the recently chosen field
Turkish education system
TURKISH EDUCATION SYSTEM
SOME INFORMATION ABOUT TURKEY <ul><li>A bridge between Asian and European continents
Memberships : Council of Europe, NATO, OECD, BSEC, OIC, and many other international organizations </li></ul>NATO: North Atlantic Treaty Organization OECD: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development BSEC: Black Sea Economic Cooperation OIC : Organization of the Islamic Conference
PRINCIPLES REGULATING THE EDUCATION SYSTEM The Turkish education system is organized on the basis of; - Constitution of the Turkish Republic - Laws Regulating Education and Instruction - Government Programs - Development Plans - National Education Councils
Outline of Turkish Education System 1. Basic Law No. 1739 (M O NE), The Ministry of National Education (MONE) is responsible for all educational services . 2. Law No. 2547 of 1981 (C O HE) T he Council of Higher Education (C O HE) is the planning, coordinating and policy making body for higher education
STRATEGIES AND POLICIES Policies: <ul><li>developing an up to date curricula and instruction, </li></ul><ul><li>improving teacher training and quality of teachers, </li></ul><ul><li>building information and communication technology infra-structure. </li></ul><ul><li>improving physical capacity and facilities and access to education </li></ul>
STRATEGIES AND POLICIES EU Accession process : <ul><li>Strategic goals laid down by Lisbon European Council </li></ul><ul><li>EU Legislation (acquis) in education </li></ul><ul><li>EU Education and Youth Community Programs </li></ul><ul><li>EU Funded Education and Training Project </li></ul>
Formal and Non-formal Education (2006/2007) Level of Education Number of Schools Number of Male Students Number of Female Students Total Number of Students Pre-school education 3.222 334.252 306.597 640.849 Primary education 34.656 5.684.609 5.162.321 10.846.930 Secondary education: General: Vocational & technical: Total 3.690 4.244 7.934 1.156.418 760.771 1.917.189 985.800 483.728 1.469.828 2.142.218 1.244.499 3.386.717 Total for formal education 45.812 7.936.050 6.938.446 14.874.496 Non-formal training 10.576 2.545.004 1.963.560 4.508.564 Universities - 1.134.140 812.302 1.946.442 Total general 56.388 11.615.194 9.714.608 21.329.502
General Structure of Turkish National Education System Turkish National Education System has two main parts: <ul><ul><li>Formal Education
Non-formal Education-1 It involves all educational and training activities organized for the individuals that have never participated in formal education system or left school in one of the levels of this system.
Non-formal Education-2 In our country Non-formal education is realized by; <ul><ul><li>Public Training
PRE-PRİMARY EDUCATION <ul><li>" Nurseries " Kindergarten " Practical classes " Nurseries within private Turkish, Foreign, Minority, International schools " Other institutions (Society for the Protection of Children, and other institutions and organizations opened as per article 191 of Law no 657 </li></ul>
P re- S chool E ducation N on-compulsory programs for children from birth to the age of 72 months T hree sub-categories: 1. D ay nurseries (kre s and yuva) (0-36 months) 2. K indergartens (anaokulu) (37-60 months) 3. P re-school classes (anas i n i f i ) (60-72 months)
Pre- S chool Education (PSE) M O NE provides pre-school education for children from th e age of 36 to 72 months in kindergartens and pre-school classes P rivate nurseries, day care cent er s, and kindergartens provide care and education for 0-72 age group.
PRIMARY EDUCATION <ul><li>" Primary schools " Regional Boarding Primary Schools " Boarding Primary Education School " Primary schools for the Hearing-Impaired " Primary schools for the Visually-Impaired " Primary schools for the Orthopedically Disabled " Primary schools for the Mentally Retarded " Private Turkish, Foreign, Minority, International Primary schools </li></ul>
Primary Education Compulsory Education : Age of Entry : 6, Age of Exit: 14 Structure of School System : Basic / Primary Type of School : Basic (Primary) Education School Length of program in years : 8 Diploma Awarded: Basic Education Diploma
Primary Education The primary education program includes : Turkish language and literature, mathematics, social studies, science, civics and human rights, the history of the Turkish Republic and Atatürk's reforms , a foreign language (English, French or German), individual and group activities, religious culture and ethics, art/handicraft, music, physical education, traffic safety and first aid, career guidance, and elective courses .
Primary Education M O NE and private firms prepares s tudents' textbooks, teacher's books, worksheets, and teaching aids . The approval of M O NE is required for all materials. Teachers at this level are trained at university faculties of education and complete at least one year of teaching on provisional/probationary status prior to appointment as regular teachers
SECONDARY EDUCATION General Secondary Education Secondary schools " Science schools " Anatolian schools " Anatolian Fine Arts schools " Anatolia n teacher training schools " Foreign language school Vocational and
Vocational schools for industry " Technical schools " Anatolia technical schools " Anatolia Vocational schools " Vocational schools for girls " Technical schools for girls " Anatolia Vocational schools for girls " Anatolia Technical schools for girls SECONDARY EDUCATION Technical Secondary Education -1
SECONDARY EDUCATION Technical Secondary Education -2 Anatolia Vocational Schools for Commerce " Anatolia Vocational Schools for Communication " Anatolia Vocational Schools for Hotel M anagement and Tourism " Vocational Schools for Commerce Religious High Schools " Anatolia Religious High Schools
SECONDARY EDUCATION Technical Secondary Education -3 " Multi-program high schools for the Hearing impaired " Vocational Schools for orthopedically disabled " Multi-program high schools " Vocational Schools for Health " Anatolia Vocational Schools for Health
SECONDARY EDUCATION General and VET Secondary Schools: Length of programs in years : 4 <ul><li>Age level from : 14 to 18
9 th GRADE VOCATIONAL EDUCATION ACADEMIC EDUCATION ACADEMIC EDUCATION IN GENERAL SECONDARY SCHOOLS STUDENTS’ GUIDANCE AND VOCATIONAL EDUCATION PROCESS 9 th GRADE TRAINING IN JOB FAMILY TRAINING IN CHOSEN OCCUPATION TRAINING IN OCCUPATION ???
PRIMARY SCHOOL GRADE 9 (COMMON) GRADE 10 GRADE 12 GRADE 11 DIPLOMA HIGHER EDUCATION GRADE 9 (COMMON) GRADE 10 GRADE 12 GRADE 11 GENERAL SECONDARY EDUCATION L A B O R M A R K E T CERTIFICATE ADULTS CERTIFICATE CERTIFICATE VOCATIONAL EDUCATION Opportunity of changing field Make-up Training EDUCATION SYSTEM AND TRANSITIONS
INFORMAL EDUCATION <ul><li>" Practical Arts Colleges for Girls " Maturation Institutes " Technical education centres for adults " Public education centres - Reading-writing courses - Vocational courses - Social-cultural courses " Vocational training centres " Professional education centres " Science and Art centres " Guidance and research centres </li></ul>
<ul><li>" Private education - Private courses - Private classes - Private motor vehicle driving courses - Private student training centres vocational courses Remote Education - Open education primary schools - Open education high schools - Vocational and Technical Open education schools </li></ul>INFORMAL EDUCATION
ONGOING STUDIES IN TURKISH NATIONAL EDUCATION SYSTEM <ul><ul><li>Updating the curricula
Increasing schooling rate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Providing additional </li></ul></ul>facilities <ul><ul><li>Using I nformation and </li></ul></ul>C ommunication T echnologies <ul><ul><li>Improvement of teachers’ </li></ul></ul>qualities and status <ul><ul><li>Effective counselling and </li></ul></ul>guidance services