In order to talk about TOD, we must first talk about our smart growth framework and the policy landscape that has led us to the development of transit and the development of TOD in our community. Discuss the CC&W philosophy. That this was developed in the early 1990’s (you’ll see the actual date in a later slide) due to concerns about continued population growth, loss of tree canopy, rise in VMT and our continuing struggles with non-attainment etc. discuss the 5 corridors, etc., and the 22+/- centers (Southpark, airport, Ballantyne, etc).
This gives a visual of our land use and development patterns and why we adopted a smart growth framework based on population projections and what ended up being realities and why a multi modal transportation system is important for our County (and region).
This reinforces our CC&W - our investment in rapid transit mimics the Corridors. Discuss the technology for each corridor, etc.
Introduce that we’ve been in operations on our starter line since Nov. 2007 and that trips have far exceeded our initial model estimates, i.e. that we’ve been closer to our 2025 projection since opening 18 months ago than we were to the opening year projection!
At this point, use the next 3 slides to talk about the on-the-ground application of some of the policies that were shown on the previous framework slide, starting with SCIP and discuss the $50M in 2 bond referendums, improvements augmenting the LRT project and enhancing multi modal access.
Again, this is the on the ground application. If this is too much detail, we can delete. Discuss the historic challenge of affordable housing due to land prices in station areas and the historic cost of materials, etc.
Again, just some sample characteristics of our TOD zoning ordinance …an ordinance that’s fairly consistent with other cities that have similarly adopted TOD. Acknowledge that we are still tweaking the ordinance and enacting amendmentsThereto (e.g. The parking requirement of a minimum of one space). The market in our town doesn’t allow any developer to come in w/plans that aren’t sufficiently parked. Generally, in terms of parking, all of the TOD we’ve seen is coming in at the maximums allowed by ordinance, etc., and that will likely be the case until we have a more robust transit system.
Just an indication of our tracking system. This is something we’ve been workingOn and is constantly updated. The folks in the Planning Dept. are the keeper of the Tracking mechanism at this point.
These are the factoids that most people inquire about. We use the $1.45BAs our factoid and I ALWAYS say that this is constantly being updated givenThe state of the economy and that some of the projects that are includedMay fall off the table, while others will surely be announced but that this is aFluid number. Some of the projects will likely take longer to advance givenThe economy (and so rather than 2011, it may be 2013), etc.
Pretty much self explanatory
The next 3 slides were generated by Planning and are just meant to show the scale for Charlotte
While our TOD zoning, for residential, is a minimum of 20 DUA w/in the ¼ mile of our stations, these projects are all in the 80-110 DUA.
Again, constantly being updated, but suffice to say that most activity is outside of uptown in the South End
Summarize what worked from a TOD or development perspective
The next few relate to N Corridor
This is simply to say that the City is already looking at land use (within our municipal limits) for TOD. As most of the line is located in the northern towns noted on the previous slide, our land use work will augment the land use efforts already undertaken by the northern towns
This project is ripe for TIF given the projected incremental growth. However, since that doesn’t appear to have traction, if the powers that be should so decide, this project is also positioned as a stimulus project and is ready to go. The difficulty is that we are competing against the Yadkin River Bridge and the state resources are pushing for that project.
Danny, this slide is currently hidden but can be used as script for purposesOf discussing the BLE and the previous slide or we can un-hide it if you wantTo use it.
Point of this is to demonstrate that we are already looking at land use, infrastructureAnd connectivity issues etc. through the station area planning process.
Lessons learned – We are still learning! And that there are more lessons than can be listed on a single slide. Otherwise, these are strictly from a TOD perspective and these are from my perspective but are generally shared by anyone who does this work on a daily basis. Nothing controversial. For instance, relative to just the 1st bullet point, when you consider the # of actors involved and the differing time horizons, it can be very complicated. For instance, the gestation period for a rapid transit project can easily be 7-10 years from concept to implementation and during that period, you can “change out” elected officials 2-3 times, each time requiring a period of re-education and the possibly of lack of support; in thatSame time period, you can experience 2-3 different real estate upticks and downturns, and it’s unusual for any developer to be willing to wait out the uncertainty that is associated with large public works projects and appropriations. The developersThat have this kind of patience are few and far between. Similarly, lenders do not typically confer any kind of benefit to locating adjacent to transit. Deals are still very much analyzed on a conventional basis, especially as it relates to parking requirements, etc.Other Lessons not stated: Be careful about comparisons and scale (a successful TOD in Charlotte may be vastly different than one in Chicago or Boston).Also, you don’t have to have everything at every station. In the old days, we used to think that every station had to have office, residential, retail etc. Thankfully, most have grasped the concept of typology (what works at a Regional station is different than a neighborhood station and a downtown station will be different than a suburban station). Additionally, it is perfectly acceptable to work at one station area, live at another and play at still another. You shouldn’t force the market.
Transit Ready Design Pleasant Cnu17
Transit Ready in Charlotte<br />Danny Pleasant, AICP<br />Key Business Executive/Director<br />Charlotte Department of Transportation<br />
Our City at a Glance<br />About Our City<br />Charlotte is the fifth largesturban region and the 20th largest cityin the U.S. in total population.<br />More than 683,000 residents relyon CDOT every day.<br />We are a high growth city.<br />
Charlotte’s Population Growth2000 – 2030<br />Like adding another…<br /><ul><li>St. Louis (348,000) or
Cincinnati (331,000)</li></li></ul><li>As a livable community, Charlotte’s recognition includes:<br />The “Best City for Black Families” by BET Magazine<br />“America’s Most Livable Community” by American Foundation for the Blind<br />One of the “10 best places to Live” by Money Magazine<br />#20 among “Best Cities for Women” by Ladies Home Journal<br />One of “America’s 32 most livable cities” by Partners for Livable Communities<br />The best walking city in North Carolina by Prevention Magazine<br />Our City at a Glance:Generous & Livable Community<br />CDOT plays a key role in creating a great city!<br />
Centers, Corridors and Wedges<br /><ul><li>Adopted by Council in 1994, update underway
Maximize use of transportation system & infrastructure
Encourage redevelopment & reuse of underutilized sites</li></li></ul><li>Centers, Corridors and Wedges<br /><ul><li>This map shows which areas are identified as a Center, Corridor or Wedge:</li></ul>Source: Charlotte-Mecklenburg Planning Department<br />
Developed Land: 2006<br />VMT<br /><ul><li>24.8M (2000)
30.6M (2007)</li></ul>1985<br />Annual Hours of Delay<br /><ul><li>23 (1995)
45 (2005)</li></li></ul><li>2030 System Plan Rapid Transit Improvements<br />
2025 18,100/day</li></li></ul><li>Milestones<br />1998 2025 Integrated Transit/Land Use Plan developed <br /> based on Centers and Corridors Vision <br /> Led to voters approving transit sales tax<br />1999 Metropolitan Transit Commission established<br />2000 CATS created<br /> Light Rail LPA for South Corridor<br /> Major Investment Studies initiated in other corridors<br />2002 2025 Corridor System Plan adopted<br />2000-2006 Transit service expanded and improved<br />2006 2030 Corridor System Plan adopted<br />2007 LYNX Blue Line opened – ½ Tax Reaffirmed: 70%<br />
Guiding PoliciesHousing in Transit Station Areas<br />Principle Objective: Support the development of housing<br />…affordable to a broad cross-section of the workforce…provide <br />a variety of housing choices near transit stations.<br />Policy Highlights:<br /><ul><li>Inclusion of affordable housing w/in transit station areas, especially when the City is participating in the project
Policy calls for 5%-25% of units of any multi-family development targeted for households earning 60% of AMI or less
At least 30% of those for households earning 30% or AMI or less
Shall be similar in appearance to market rate housing and scattered throughout the development</li></li></ul><li>Transit Station Area Zoning<br />Three Base Transit Oriented Development Zoning Districts: <br /><ul><li>Residentially Oriented (TOD-R)
Minimum densities of 20 DUA (1/4 mile) to 15 DUA (1/2 mile)
Minimum FAR of .75 (1/4 mile) and FAR of .50 (1/2 mile)
Maximum of 1.6 parking spaces per DU (residential)
Maximum of 1.0 parking space per 300 sq. ft. (office)
Maximum of 1.0 parking space per 250 sq. ft. (retail)</li></li></ul><li>LYNX Blue Line Station Area Development Tracking Map <br /><ul><li>Tracks development within a half-mile of Blue Line Transit Stations.
Project status is classified as either Proposed, Under Construction or Complete.
Tracking Map contains tabular and visual data about individual development projects, as well as geographic location.</li></ul>Source: Charlotte-Mecklenburg Planning Department<br />
Does not include increased revenue from appreciation and land sales </li></li></ul><li>Sample of Completed Development: <br />3030 South<br />Camden Square Village West<br />2005<br />MUDD(CD)<br />MUDD<br />Tremont Place<br />Southend Village Lofts<br />S Church & W Summit<br />2006<br />O-2<br />MUDD-O<br />MUDD-O<br />Chipotle<br />The Abbott<br />South Oak Crossing<br />2007<br />MUDD<br />UR-2(CD)<br />I-1<br />
Sample of Completed Development:<br />The Block at Church Street<br />Lofts Dilworth<br />214 W Tremont<br />2007<br />214 W Tremont<br />TOD-MO<br />TOD-MO<br />TOD-RO<br />The Tremont<br />1927 S Tryon<br />Trolley Barn<br />2008<br />TOD-M(CD)<br />TOD-M<br />TOD-M<br />
12,000 new res.units in station areas in 15 yrs.
4,600 – 6,000 daily commuter rail trips</li></li></ul><li>Davidson Balancing Jobs & Life Style<br /> “As people live closer to the places they visit, shop and worship, they are able to walk more and drive less, thereby improving air quality, personal health and community relationships.”<br />-- Mayor Randy Kincaid<br />
Mount MourneEmployment Engine<br /><ul><li>Lowe’s Corporation HDQ
Legacy Village TOD</li></li></ul><li>Recommended TOD Zoning along North Corridor<br />(City of Charlotte Limits Only)<br /><ul><li>Proposed TOD Zoning recommended - Northlake Area Plan.</li></ul>Source: Charlotte-Mecklenburg Planning Department<br />
Projected Growth By 2025 At North Corridor Station Areas<br />* Estimate by RCLCO, November 2007<br />
Shovel-Ready & Green<br />North Corridor Positioned for Jobs-Stimulus Funding<br />Engineering nearly complete; EA ready for approval by FRA<br />Work would support up to 8,500 jobs <br />Fixed prices in hand from NS, utility companies, Bombardier (coaches)<br />
Blue Line Extension (BLE): Light Rail<br /><ul><li>11 Miles from Uptown to </li></ul> I-485 at North Tryon Street<br /><ul><li>14 Stations
Spring 2009: 15% design and cost estimate. Continue w/EIS & FTA funding processes.</li></li></ul><li>BLE Target Schedule<br />Complete 15% Design April 2009<br />Complete DEIS December 2009<br />Complete 30% Design April 2010<br />Complete 65% Design September 2010<br />Complete FEIS/ROD October 2010<br />FTA Approval to Enter Final Design March 2011<br />Complete Final Design March 2012<br />FFGA June 2012<br />Begin Construction August 2012<br />Start Revenue Service February 2016<br />
Recommended TOD Zoning<br /><ul><li>Proposed TOD Zoning recommended within University City Area Plan.</li></ul>Source: Charlotte-Mecklenburg Planning Department<br />
Lessons Learned - TOD<br /><ul><li>Requires many voices to implement TOD:developers, lenders, elected officials, transit agencies, etc. - things can get complicated.
Requires an understanding of the expected return to all partners (e.g. financial, social or qualitative) and how success is measured.
Important to focus on the function of the development and relationship to transit - not just adjacency to transit.
The availability of transit and the existence of supportive zoning are important aspects, but other elements, including supportive market conditions must be present .
Each community is unique and there is no set formula for TOD.</li></ul> – What makes a place hasn’t been codified.<br />
Congress for the New Urbanism<br />June 2009<br />