Cooperation Between Nonprofits and Local Governments in the USA

776 views

Published on

This presentation was given October 18, 2010 by by Professor Nora Silver, Haas School of Business at UC Berkeley, Harumitsu Inouye, CEO of the Shinnyo-en Foundation, and Professor Jim Lincoln also of Haas.

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
776
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
21
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
4
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Cooperation Between Nonprofits and Local Governments in the USA

  1. 1. Welcome 2010 JIAM Guests
  2. 2. Agenda  Welcome from UC Berkeley & Shinnyo-en Foundation  The US Nonprofit Sector  US Government-Nonprofit Relationships  White House Office for Faith-Based and Neighborhood Partnerships
  3. 3. The Nonprofit Sector is Large  1.5 million nonprofits, $823 billion revenue  $282 billion in Japan  7.5% gross domestic product (expenditures)  4.5% in Japan  > GDP of all but Japan, Germany, UK, France, Italy, China  7% of workers  3.5% Japan; 2nd largest in world  Employs > people than in agriculture, mining, construction, transportation, communication and other public utilities, finance, insurance and real estate  With volunteers = 11%
  4. 4. Most Nonprofits are Small 43 30 9 12 3 4 Less than $100,000 $100,000-499,999 $500,000- 999,000 $1- 4.9 million $5-9.9 million $10 million or more 82% of Nonprofits have less than $1M in expenses per year
  5. 5. Revenue Comes from 3 Sources Individuals Bequests Foundations Corporations
  6. 6. Government Funds Differ by Industry 19.9 86.1 43.5 35.2 19.6 4.0 7.7 20.7 18.9 56.1 46.9 31.3 9.7 30.2 52.1 19.4 42.2 11.3 6.2 18.9 13.9 9.4 11.1 6.9 13.4 37.5 27.9 0.0All other Percent, $ Billions Program service fees Private contributions All non- profits* Civic, social, and fraternal organiza- tions Arts and culture Education and research Religious Organiza- tions** Government grants Social and legal services Health services 1,250 6729 2432.7 171 699100% = 4.4 Average revenues $ million 4.0 0.9 2.6 1.6 4.6 19.6
  7. 7. Governments Fund Nonprofits Because… Nonprofit Flexible Responsive High Quality/Low Cost Innovative
  8. 8. Many Levels to the US Government  1 federal government  15 federal cabinet-level departments  50 states  3,033 counties  19,492 municipalities/cities  16,519 townships or town governments  13,051 school districts  37,381 special districts
  9. 9. Funding Flows From Different Levels Federal Region City County State Neighborhood
  10. 10. Governments Fund Nonprofits Different Ways  1: Grants  Promise of service  2: Contracts  Contract specifying services and payments per service  Reimbursement  3: Vouchers  Payments to end user
  11. 11. What works Challenges  Stabilize funding  Formal standards  More paid staff  Meeting needs of more people in need  Specialization/bureaucritization  Fewer volunteers  Expensive to maintain  Organizational capacity and compliance: staff and board  Reporting and accounting requirements: audit  Culture conflicts  The political process  Cash flow  Little overhead cost coverage  Matching funds What Works and Challenges
  12. 12. What Nonprofits Said: 2009 Study In 2009, $100 billion  200,000 contracts/grants  33,000 human services nonprofits have government contracts  Government is the largest funder in 3 out of 5 cases  “Changes to existing contracts are a significant problem” (1/2 said)  “Late payments are a problem” (1/2 said)  “Complexity and time commitment are too complex and time consuming” (3/4 said)
  13. 13. City Government  City departments  Health  Human Services  Children and Youth  Disaster Response  Redevelopment  San Francisco Redevelopment Agency  San Francisco Redevelopment Agency, Bayview Hunters Point  India Basin Neighborhood Association and Bayview Hunters Point Project Area Committee
  14. 14. State Government o has the US’ first state cabinet secretary for service and volunteering o National service corps: AmeriCorps o Disaster preparedness contracts with nonprofits o Jobs programs contracts with nonprofits
  15. 15. Federal Government The White House Office of Faith-Based and Neighborhood Partnerships
  16. 16. Thank You http://www.sef.org http://nonprofit.haas.berkeley.edu

×