Psych 275


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Psych 275

  1. 1. Spirituality and Mental Health By Andrew Da Pron
  2. 2. Are you Religious or Spiritual? <ul><li>Spirituality vs. religion is an ancient debate. For some, religion is a set of dogmas and for a few it's a way of life. Some believe spirituality to be a bogus conundrum, while some affirm it to be the purpose of life. However, in order to truly comprehend spirituality, we must first understand the difference between spirituality and religion. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Spirituality vs. Religion <ul><li>Religion </li></ul><ul><li>a set of beliefs concerning the cause, nature, and purpose of the universe… </li></ul><ul><li>Framework to a way of living life </li></ul><ul><li>Set of rules that guides its follower and owns its followers (i.e. Christianity, Hinduism, Islam) </li></ul><ul><li>Sets our lives in direction, and in a large way grooms us </li></ul><ul><li>Spirituality </li></ul><ul><li>The quality or fact of being spiritual </li></ul><ul><li>Not bound by any rules </li></ul><ul><li>Does not follow any religion and neither does is adhere to any set of principles </li></ul><ul><li>The art and science of self-realization </li></ul><ul><li>Makes a perfect man/woman out of a negative thinker </li></ul>
  4. 4. Spirituality vs. Religion (cont’d) <ul><li>Both spirituality and religion aim to take an individual towards the ultimate goal of life. Following a religion is doing a duty. Being spiritual is being who YOU are. </li></ul><ul><li>Religion spoon feeds the individual and gives a set of guidelines to follow. </li></ul><ul><li>Spirituality is worship of self and an individual experience. A spiritual person finds their own way, travels it alone and reaches there in a state of euphoria. </li></ul>
  5. 5. What is the difference between spirituality and religion? <ul><li>Robert Thurman is a Professor of Buddhist Studies at Columbia University and also President of Tibet House U.S. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>He believes organized religions inevitably become tools of cultural power rather than paths to personal salvation </li></ul></ul><ul><li> did an interview with him where he provided his beliefs on this matter and you can see it here: </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. The Spiritual Brain <ul><li>Wilder Penfield created the first “brain maps” of the frontal cortex and associated areas. </li></ul><ul><li>The brain has no pain receptors so it was possible to perform surgery on conscious, talking patients. </li></ul> <ul><li>The main area implicated is the temporal lobe. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Site for many complex spiritual experiences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Person will replay past experiences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Feelings of déjà vu and out of body sensations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some people hear music while others may hear angelic voices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Feelings of intense meaningfulness and being connected to some greater force </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Spirituality <ul><li>May provide a perspective that allows people to find meaning and hope in every aspect of life </li></ul><ul><li>Can help reduce vulnerability to medical disorders and enrich the quality of people’s lives </li></ul><ul><li>Helps people develop a sense of unity and satisfaction with their life </li></ul><ul><li>The search for something beyond human existence </li></ul><ul><li>Connects individuals with world and with all life </li></ul><ul><li>Most studies have shown that religious involvement and spirituality are associated with better health outcomes, including greater longevity, coping skills and health-related quality of life (even during terminal illness) and less anxiety, depression and suicide. </li></ul>
  8. 8. How Spiritual Are You? <ul><li>To find out, take this test: </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>This test is adapted from a personality inventory devised by Washington University psychiatrist Robert Cloninger, author of Feeling good: The Science of Well-Being </li></ul>
  9. 9. Work Cited <ul><li>Cloninger. &quot;Spirituality and the Science of Feeling Good.&quot; Southern Medical Journal 100.7 (0): 740-743. Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO . Web. 14 Mar. 2011. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Again, on slides 2-4, is information gathered from here. It proved to be very helpful. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cloninger, C. Robert. Feeling good: the science of well-being . Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2004. Print. </li></ul><ul><li>Comings, David E.. Did man create God? : is your spiritual brain at peace with your thinking brain? : including intelligent answers to intelligent design / by David E. Comings . Duarte, CA: Hope Press, 2008. Print. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This is where I got the picture of the brain shown on slide #6. I also included other information regarding the temporal lobe. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Work Cited <ul><li>&quot; | Free Online Dictionary for English Definitions.&quot; | Free Online Dictionary for English Definitions . N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Mar. 2011. <>. </li></ul><ul><li>Gaikwad, Mukta. &quot;Spirituality Vs. Religion.&quot; Buzzle Web Portal: Intelligent Life on the Web . N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Mar. 2011. <>. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This wesite provided a good amount of the information on slides 2, 3 and 4. I have used this site before in other Psych and Sociology classes. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>&quot;Neurobiology of Spirituality Mohandas E - Mens Sana Monogr.&quot; Mens Sana Monographs: Free full text articles from Mens Sana Monogr . N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Mar. 2011. <;year=2008;volume=6;issue=1;spage=63;epage=80;aulast=Mohandas#top> </li></ul>
  11. 11. Work Cited (cont’d) <ul><li>NewsweekVideo. &quot; YouTube - Did Man Create God? The Spiritual Brain .&quot; YouTube - Broadcast Yourself. . N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Mar. 2011. <>. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This YouTube clip Is based on the book that I cite by David Comings. The author is the one narrating. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>&quot;Spirituality vs. Religion | Robert Thurman | Big Think.&quot; Big Think . N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Mar. 2011. <>. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This video interview is with Robert Thurman and outlines what he believes is the difference between Spirituality and Religion. You can link to other articles from this site. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sweeney, Michael S.. &quot;Motion: Brain in Action.&quot; Brain: the complete mind : how it develops, how it works, and how to keep it sharp . Washington, D.C.: National Geographic, 2009. 144-145. Print. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This, of course, is our course book but I used it to get some information regarding Wilder Penfield. You should have noticed the information on slide #6. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>&quot;TIME Magazine: The Quiz: How Spiritual Are You?.&quot; Breaking News, Analysis, Politics, Blogs, News Photos, Video, Tech Reviews - . N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Mar. 2011. <>. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This is where I got the “Spiritual Analysis” test. This test correlates with Robert Cloninger’s book. </li></ul></ul>