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  1. 1. Autism Spectrum Disorder Christina Stevens
  2. 2. What is Autism? Autism is a complex developmental disability that causes problems with social interaction and communication. Symptoms usually start before age three and can cause delays orproblems in many different skills that develop from infancy to adulthood.It is also considered to be a spectrum disorder meaning, a group of disorders with similar features but a wide range of possible symptoms.
  3. 3. Autism and the brain● New studies show that at birth, the brain is normal in size in infants who later become autistic. Surprisingly, this soon changes, so that within the first 6 months following birth, the autistic brain begins to grow too fast and too large.
  4. 4. Autism and the brain contd This abnormally rapid pace ofgrowth results in a child having anabnormally large brain by 1 year of age.Early brain overgrowth, the excess neuronnumbers may be one possible cause of earlybrain overgrowth and produce defects inneural patterning and wiring.  
  5. 5. Autism and the brain contd● Researchers have found that people with autism can also have a high functional artistic and memory abilities.● Research on this disorder of Autism and the affects on the brain are still developing and being conducted all over.
  6. 6. Who is Autistic?● Since there is no one answer to what causes this disorder there is no one answer to who can have it.● It is more common for males to develop this disorder then females.● It appears in young children usually before the age of 3 but not limited too this age.
  7. 7. Symptoms of AutismThere are a wide range of behaviors thatautistic children display. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1VA6Q3vTC_o● Lack of social interaction between peers● repetition of activities, such as pacing, hand flapping and spinning.● Lacks emotional responses.● Blank stares● Does not communicate needs effectively
  8. 8. Screening and diagnosisIt is not an easy task for pediatricians orparents to recognize and diagnose thisdisorder. It takes a lot of tests andobservations. Children are consistentlygrowing and showing new interests so doctorscant focus on one symptom and diagnose thechild with Autism.
  9. 9. Treatment and programs● The sooner the diagnosis the sooner the treatment can begin.● Research shows that interactive programs such as PATHWAYS is increasing the social and behavioral interactions that autism children have difficulties with. Below is short youtube video explaining what PATHWAYS is about.● http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=lWO1oL4N1As
  10. 10. Annotated bibliography● Wong, V.N & Kwan, Q.K., (2010). Randomized controlled trial for early intervention for autism: A pilot study for autism 1-2-3 project. Journal od Autism & Development Disorders. 40(6), 677-68● E r i c C o u r c h e s n e , P h . D . EARLY BRAIN DEVELOPMENT IN AUTISM. Thehelpgroup.org● T. Grandin, Emergence: Labeled Autistic (with M.M Scariano, 1986, repr. 1996)● Sheinkopf,S.J. (2009) Early diagnosis of autism: advances and challenges. Autism Spectrum DIsorders. 25 (10)1556-7575● Sweeney,M.S (2009) Brain: The complete mind.USA: National Geographic Society.

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