Obsessive compulsive disorder


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Obsessive compulsive disorder

  1. 1. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) Annika Johanson PSYCH275 Summer 2011
  2. 2. What is OCD? <ul><li>OCD is an anxiety disorder characterized by unwanted thoughts and urges to compulse </li></ul><ul><li>OCD can affect anyone at age </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is the Cause? <ul><li>Researchers have yet to find the exact cause of OCD, but it is known that low serotonin levels can contribute </li></ul><ul><li>This video discusses one of the believed causes of OCD: http://digital.films.com/PortalViewVideo.aspx?xtid=41333&loid=77400&psid=0&sid=0&State=&title=Case Studies in Childhood Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder&IsSearch=Y&parentSeriesID= </li></ul>Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
  4. 4. Types of OCD <ul><li>Checkers have irrational fears that bad things will happen to them or someone they know as a result of something they do or do not do. They repeatedly check light switches, locks, test questions, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Washers and Cleaners fear being contaminated by germs. They will wash their hands and bodies, or clean their house or other items over and over again, never feeling clean enough. </li></ul><ul><li>Orderers may rearrange items again and again until they feel they are “perfect.” </li></ul><ul><li>Pure Obsessionals have horrible thoughts and images of violent, unacceptable, or inappropriate behavior. They may fear doing harm to someone they care about, so they compiles trying to prevent bad things from happening. They are normally individuals who would never actually act on these thoughts. </li></ul><ul><li>Hoarders collect items or garbage, until it impeding on their life. These items may have significance to them, or they may have no idea why they are so attached to these items. </li></ul><ul><li>People with Scrupulosity have anxiety centered around religion or moral values. They many compulsively pray or go to church. </li></ul><ul><li>An individual may suffer multiple types of OCD </li></ul>Hyman 13
  5. 5. Treatment <ul><li>Variety of drug treatments- includes antidepressants and serotonin uptake inhibitors. These help chemical balance in the brain. </li></ul><ul><li>Exposure and response prevention- exposing patients to something that will make them compulse, and preventing them from doing the compulsion. This often starts with low anxiety tasks, and build as the patient learns to control their anxiety. This is one of the most common practices for OCD patients </li></ul><ul><li>Cognitive therapy- conversational therapy sessions to help the patient better understand this disorder and how to deal with it </li></ul>Tyagi
  6. 6. Spreading awareness <ul><li>There is a need to spread awareness of OCD. Many individuals suffer without realizing they even have a problem. People often realize they have a problem but don’t know what their options are, or they are afraid to admit they need help. </li></ul><ul><li>Untreated OCD can lead to self harm or suicide, or to the harm of others. </li></ul>
  7. 7. My Personal Experience with OCD <ul><li>I was diagnosed with OCD when I was 9 years old. It began with a fear that anything I touched was dirty and going to make me sick. I was constantly washing my hands with extremely hot water. My hands were always dry and often burnt. Later I began dividing everything into equal numbers. I would see signs on stores or on the road and see what number I could divide the numbers by evenly, and I couldn’t stop myself. I also sometimes replay situations in my head over and over, worried something went wrong. I feel the need for everything to be equal and even. I can not leave my house before checking multiple times that doors are closed and things are unplugged. There are many other things that affect me everyday that stem from my OCD. It is an awful feeling knowing you are having irrational thoughts, but not being able to stop them. I am currently on anxiety medication, and this helps calm these obsessions and compulsion, and I am able to live more relaxed. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Real stories of OCD <ul><li>There are many TV shows sharing the stories of individuals that struggle with OCD. These clips from the TV show Obsessed offer an inside look at the life of a few extreme cases. </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g-Tnf6_IX5M </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hWcAD0YZ85o </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GcQE1bN0mgQ&feature=related </li></ul>
  9. 9. Works Cited <ul><li>Hyman, Bruce M., Cherry Pedrick. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder. Brookfield: Twenty-First Century Medical Library, 2003. Print. </li></ul><ul><li>*This book discusses all aspects of OCD. This book provides stories of children with different types of the disorder. </li></ul><ul><li>Obsessive Compulsive Disorder. www.webmd.com . N.p. n.d. Web. 04, Aug. 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>*This website provides general information on OCD including symptoms and treatment options. </li></ul><ul><li>PUGH, ABIGAIL.  &quot;Breaking the silence of obsessive-compulsive disorder. &quot;  CrossCurrents   1 Apr. 2005: ProQuest Family Health, ProQuest. Web.  9 Aug. 2011. </li></ul><ul><li>*Discusses the need for OCD awareness. </li></ul><ul><li>Tyagi, H., Drummond, L. M., & Fineberg, N. A. (2010). Treatment for Obsessive Compulsive Disorder. Current Psychiatry Reviews , 6(1), 46-55. </li></ul><ul><li>*This article took an in-depth look at the treatments for OCD, discussing the positive and negative aspects of all options. </li></ul>