ECE 275 Current Issues inBrain Development by: Kyndra Lopez
What is memory? Our ability to encode, store, retain, and recallinformation and past experiences in the human brain(Mastin) with bits and pieces located throughout the entire brain.
Main Processes of Memoryhttp://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2007/11/memory/brain-interactive
• Imagine that you are drivingin the left lane and you wouldlike to move over to the right You are not consciously lane. aware of the vast majority of your brains ongoing •Close your eyes, grip an activities, nor would you imaginary steering wheel. want to be -- it would interfere with the brains • Now, go through the well-oiled processes.motions of a the lane change.
The correct motion for changing lanesMore than likely you didn’t is banking the wheel do it correctly, because to the right, then the motion of turning the back through thewheel rightward for a bit, center, and then straightening it out continuing to turnagain would steer you off the wheel just asthe road: piloting a course far to the left side, from the left lane onto and only then the sidewalk. straightening out. (Eagleman, 2011) Dont believe it? Verify it for yourself next time you’re in the car.Video of Isolated Its such a simple motor task that you Moments have no problem accomplishing it in Forming A your daily driving. But when forcedMemory by Adam to access it consciously, youre Chapmanhttp://vimeo.com/20900000 flummoxed.
The Pathway To RememberingActivation of Which was specific triggerednetworks of by a neurons conscious were stimuli,triggered to but is also the exact triggered memory of by random changing stimuli. lanes. The darkened neurons in the picture are the ones activated through stimulation, while the light ones remain dormant unless stimulated as well.
Why 1)If we don’t encode information in storable form. Do 2) If we don’t then retain that information conscientiously. 3) If we don’t enable it to be accessed We at later point.Forget? Also: • distractions • reduced attention • fading or becoming less distinctive if the storage of other memories interferes with them, perhaps because they are stored in overlapping neural assemblies. Then there are those, “on the tip of my tongue” memories where thebrains search algorithms arent working correctly and sometimes has trouble distinguishing the right signals from the other neural noise.
BibliographyBloom, F. M., Flint Beal, M. M., & Kupfer, D. J. (2006). The Dana Guide to BrainHealth: A Practical Family Reference from Medical Experts. Dana Press. Collection of free publications of references about the brain, such as How the BrainWorks, Normal Aging in Memory, and Learning, Thinking, and Autism, through contributionsfrom American scientists and clinicians. It has cross-references, a glossary, diagrams andcharts, additional resources, and support groups.Chapman, A. Diagram of Isolated Moments Forming a Memory.http://vimeo.com/20900000. Vimeo, LLC. This is a four minute twenty second video of Adam Chapman’s generative drawings, sowhen the pieces slowly come together they form portraits of his family and friends. I put thisin my memory powerpoint, because it shows in art form how our brains form memories.Eagleman, D. (2011). Secret Life of the Mind. Discover , 32 (7), 50-53. This article is about subconscious thoughts of every day activities, such tying shoes orriding a bike. That if we consciously accessed every thought, it would impact our daily lives innegative ways.Foster, J. K. (2011). Memory. New Scientist , 212 (2841), 16-24. This article is about different kinds of memory along with processes that controlthem through encoding, storing, and retrieval. It also talks about the understanding of theprocesses help dementia research.
Bibliography Cont.Mastin, L. (n.d.). The Human Memory: What It Is, How It Works, and How It Can GoWrong. Retrieved February 18, 2012, from The Human Memory : www.human-memory.net This website is about what memory is, how it works, and the disorders that effectit. It breaks human memory down into its three types, the processes, the disorders and whatthey do, as well as the parts of the brain that control certain parts of memory.National Geographic Society. (2007, November). Retrieved February 18, 2012, fromNational Geographic: http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2007/11/memory/brain-interactive This website gives a interactive mapping of the brain and some of its inner workings.It goes through a short version of how we make memories, how we store them, and how weforget them.Sweeney, M. S., & Restak, R. M. (2009). Brain, The Complete Mind: How It Develops,How It Works, and How To Keep It Sharp. Washington, D.C.: National GeographicSociety. This book is about the brain, how it develops, and its functions. It also goes intodetail about the physical, emotional, and psychological aspects of it.