Human memory

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Human memory

  1. 1. Human Memory By: Lyndsey Pearson
  2. 2. Early Life <ul><li>It’s hard to tell what babies are thinking or how good their memories are, but research shows they do remember things. </li></ul><ul><li>Babies have short term memory, they remember sounds from in the whom. </li></ul><ul><li>When they hit 6months and up they start to remember places and people better. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Childhood <ul><li>Children are more likely to remember things that catch their fancy. </li></ul><ul><li>Certain movies, sweet foods are high in their memory, less intriguing things do not stay in their memory as well. </li></ul><ul><li>Memory loss in children can be caused from a brain injury. Specifically amnesia. </li></ul><ul><li>Traumatic injury can impair a child’s memory. </li></ul><ul><li>Seizures, stroke, and brain infections can also be a cause of childhood memory loss. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Short Term <ul><li>Short term memory is the capacity of holding a small amount of information in the mind in an active, readily available state for a short period of time. </li></ul><ul><li>Short term memory decays over time </li></ul><ul><li>In order to remember something longer it must be rehearsed or repeated. </li></ul><ul><li>The capacity of short term memory is called memory span. </li></ul>
  5. 5. For Fun
  6. 6. Long term <ul><li>Long-term memory is intended for storage of information over a long time. Information from the working memory is transferred to it after a few seconds. Unlike in working memory, there is little decay. </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Long Haul <ul><li>There are three main activities related to long term memory: storage, deletion and retrieval. </li></ul><ul><li>Information from short-term memory is stored in long-term memory by rehearsal. </li></ul><ul><li>The repeated exposure to a stimulus or the rehearsal of a piece of information transfers it into long-term memory. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Early memories <ul><li>It's unusual to remember things before you are three years old because the brain is not physically developed in that way. </li></ul><ul><li>Memory requires meaning. </li></ul><ul><li>Your must understand what something is before you can remember it. </li></ul><ul><li>You do not remember things from when you were a baby because you didn’t know enough knowledge about the world at this time. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Fascinating <ul><li>Human ability to conjure up long-gone but specific episodes of our lives is both familiar and puzzling. </li></ul><ul><li>Memory seems to be a source of knowledge. </li></ul><ul><li>Memory differs from perception. </li></ul><ul><li>Memory is also unlike imagination, because it is real. </li></ul><ul><li>There can be close interactions between remembering, perceiving, and imagining. </li></ul><ul><li>Memory is closely related to emotion. When there is strong emotion related to a time in our life we will remember that event clearly, likely for the rest of our life. For example, childbirth, war, elections, weddings, death, tragedy etc. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Fun Facts <ul><li>Brain </li></ul><ul><li>Your brain uses less electricity than a refrigerator light. </li></ul><ul><li>Sunlight makes you sneeze. </li></ul><ul><li>You can not tickle yourself with the exception of the roof of your mouth. </li></ul><ul><li>Yawns wake up the brain. </li></ul><ul><li>Think of yawns as your body's attempt to reach full alertness in situations that require it. They are also contagious. </li></ul><ul><li>Memory </li></ul><ul><li>Jet lag can damage memory. </li></ul><ul><li>There’s a reason we remember all those annoying songs. </li></ul><ul><li>We recall sequences and this makes every day life possible. </li></ul><ul><li>Your memory is constantly being upgraded. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Dreams <ul><li>General </li></ul><ul><li>Your dreaming mind has access to vital information that is not readily available to you when you are awake. Your dreams serve as a window to your subconscious and reveal your secret desires and feelings. </li></ul><ul><li>In remembering your dreams, you gain increased knowledge, self-awareness and self healing. </li></ul><ul><li>They may be a source of inspiration, wisdom, joy, imagination and overall improved psychological health. </li></ul><ul><li>Remembering your dreams help you come to terms with stressful aspects of your lives. </li></ul><ul><li>Remembering </li></ul><ul><li>Nightmares are a subcategory of dreams. The distinction of a nightmare is its frightening and/or emotional content. You tend to wake up in fear in the midst of a nightmare. Because of its frightening nature, you are more likely to remember your nightmares and the vivid details.  </li></ul><ul><li>They have a bigger impact upon your waking mind. Its images stay with you throughout the day.  </li></ul><ul><li>Some studies show that people who are more sensitive, intuitive, creative, or imaginative are more prone to have nightmares. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Why do some remember dreams and some don’t? <ul><li>Most remembered dreaming occurs during a phase of sleep called Rapid Eye Movement (REM) sleep, which occurs about every hour-and-a-half. </li></ul><ul><li>We are also better able to recall dreams if we awaken during REM sleep. </li></ul><ul><li>It is important to pay attention to a dream immediately upon awakening if it is to be recalled. </li></ul><ul><li>Wanting to remember dreams is also important. </li></ul><ul><li>As to why some people remember more dreams than others, high recallers may be more motivated to recall dreams, or they may have a better memory for things they see (visual memory) rather than memory for words and numbers. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Bibliography <ul><li>&quot;Current Memory Research.&quot; The College of New Jersey Home . N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Aug. 2011. <http://www.tcnj.edu/~memory </li></ul><ul><li>Howe, Mark L.. Nature of early memory: an adaptive theory of the genesis and development of memory . New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2011. Print. </li></ul><ul><li>NOVA: What Are Dreams? . Dir. Charles Coville. Perf. Narrator: Jamie Effros. PBS, 2010. DVD. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Short-term memory - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.&quot; Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia . N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Aug. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Short-term_memory>. </li></ul><ul><li>Tulving, Endel, and Fergus I. M. Craik. The Oxford handbook of memory . Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000. Print. </li></ul><ul><li>philosophy, the past does not drive a useful wedge between, and the. &quot;Memory (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).&quot; Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy . N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Aug. 2011. <http://plato.stanford.edu/entries </li></ul><ul><li>YaeChan. &quot; finding nemo - short term memory loss - YouTube .&quot; YouTube - Broadcast Yourself. . N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Aug. 2011. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KuvF113uty4>. </li></ul>

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