What is Asperger Syndrome? An Autism spectrum disorder Described in 1944 by an Austrian doctor, Hans Asperger May be caused by genes and/or the environment. These may include; toxins, household cleaners, and vaccines
Asperger Syndrome and the Brain There are few studies on brain anatomy of Aspergers. There is however, evidence of differences in limbic circuits (important in sensorimotor gating). Researcher’s believe this is why people who have autistic disorders have repetitive thoughts and actions. Structural abnormalities in the brain also may cause AS, these abnormalities impact neural circuits that control thought and behavior, a gene or the environment may cause interference with the normal movement and wiring of the embryonic brain cells during early development.
Aspergers and the Brain cont. Imperfection in genes that control and regulate normal brain growth create irregular growth patterns, which cause overgrowth in some brain structures and reduced growth, or excessive cell loss, thus happening in the stages of fetal development. Impaired knowledge of the human face common with people who have AS is caused by the prefrontal cortex (right hemisphere especially) which plays a critical role in the recognition of a person’s face. There is also belief that there is an increased brain volume in people with AS due to abnormal prenatal pruning of the synapses. AS synapses are in non social areas which lead to further specialization in the persons specific area of interest and further neglect, declining social synapses.
Facts about Asperger Syndrome 2 out of every 10,000 children are diagnosed with AS Boys are three times more likely to be diagnosed with AS than girls Children with AS usually have a history of developmental delays Can not be diagnosed through a blood test like Down Syndome
Signs of Asperger Syndrome It is usually discovered in children at the age of 3 Children with AS often lack the ability to modulate the volume of their voice to match their surroundings. Abnormal eye contact Unfriendliness The failure to turn when called by name The failure to use gestures to point or show A lack of interactive play A lack of interest in peers Repetitive routines or rituals Insensitivity of pain or temperatures
Diagnosing and Treatment It is important for children to be screened so that we can identify and proceed into interventions that will help the child through life. Diagnosing Aspergers is difficult. According to studies it has been tricky to diagnose children with Aspergers due to the lack of instruments that are not reliable and accurate information. In an article I read I found that teachers sometimes have a better chance in noticing that the child may suffer from AS, thus because they are seeing the children in a different environment than the parents may, helping the parents be informed that their child may need screened. In today’s society doctors and schools screen the children for AS by observation and a series of questions for the parents about their child and for the child themselves.
Diagnosing and Treatment cont. In today’s society doctors and schools screen the children for AS by observation and a series of questions for the parents about their child and for the child themselves. MRI’s are also being looked at to treat AS by scanning the brain and going over the wiring that is responsible for language, social, and the emotional functions. Medications for depression, anxiety, and aggression may help reduce some symptoms that a person may experience with AS. Therapy including: Speech Physical or Occupational (to help with motor skills/sensory) Social Skill training Cognitive Behavior (to help with emotions)
Video http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1ryiPSGt4LQ&f eature=related ( Just a heads up the video may cause you to cry as it did me, it gives you an understanding of what parents and the children might be going through)
Donate After researching Aspergers it really touched my heart. This has been a big thing to me and I have now started to donate. I believe that more and more people need to be aware of Aspergers. I hope that after going through my power point you can inform others of Aspergers. If you would like to donate you can donate at the same place as I. http://www.americanaspergers.org/
Bibliography " Screening for Asperger Syndrome in School-age Children: Issues and Instrument." 25.1 (2009): N. pag. Web. 16 Feb. 2012. <Ebsco>. "Asperger Syndrome." N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Feb. 2012. <http://asperger- symptoms.net/>. "Asperger Syndrome." Even Better Health. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Feb. 2012. <http://www.evenbetterhealth.com/autism-aspergers.asp>. Laino,Charlene. Http://www.webmd.com/brain/autism/news/20101206/m ri-scans-may-help-evaluate-aspergers-syndrome. Web. 12 Mar. 2012. Mayo Clinic. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Feb. 2012. <http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/aspergers-syndrome/DS00551>. Amol V. Kawal. "Asperger Syndrome:Overveiw of Revealing Facts." Ebso. Web. 1 Mar. 2012. <http://http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=b58ec8 18-3ef7-44dc-93d1-784d6f7b79e5%40sessionmgr4&vid=20&hid=17>.