3 Research method


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3 Research method

  1. 1. How to be published a SCI paper Dashlkhumbe Byamba, MD. PhD Department of Dermatology Yonsei University College of Medicine
  2. 2. From Research to Publication
  3. 3. The process of submitting a paper Structure Write the the paper paper clearlyChoose ajournal Assemble the manuscript Revise and resubmit-Paper accepted Submit andand published correspond with the journal
  4. 4. Select possible journals(ask yourself) What type of article How will the information be used What is your most important messageWho is your audience (choose whether) Match your intended audience, message, and use with those of the journals
  5. 5. Structure of the scientific papero Preliminary material  Covering letter, title page, abstract, key words, abbreviations disclosureo Main text  Body of paper, introduction, methods results discussion, acknowledgemento Supporting material Reference, figures, tables, images, supplementary material
  6. 6. Part of the scientific papero The introduction  Should be brief and concise background information on the topico The result section  should briefly present the experimental data in texto The discussion  should focus on the interpretation and significance of the findings with concise objective comments that describe their relation to other work in the area. It should not repeat information in Results
  7. 7. Clear writing increases the chance your paper willo Tips for writing clearly o Keep sentence short o Avoid wordiness o Use abbreviation thoughtfully o Write in the active voice o Use “I” and “We” where appropriate o Use positive wording o Avoid weak words and heavy nouns o Use modifiers logically
  8. 8. Tense in science writingo Tips for writing the tense  The introduction and discussion are written in the present tense  The methods and results are written in the past tense
  9. 9. Fundamentals1. Accuracy ( 정확성 )2. Objectivity ( 객관성타당성 )3. Impartiality ( 공정성 )4. Verifiability ( 추증성 )5. Readability ( 평이성 )6. Originality ( 창의성 )
  10. 10. Summary: Choosing an appropriate journalIdentify your Use availableaudience and resources to findmost important possible journalsmessage Match audience, message, journal scope, and article typeSelect journal and Consider impactwrite article as factor, acceptancerequired by journal rate, timeline andinstruction other factors
  11. 11. Strategies for identifying potential journalso Surf the net …o Such as http://ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/-->Impact factoro Free english editing serviceo http://www.eworldediting.com/o http://www.biosciencewriters.com/
  12. 12. Journal impact factoro Thompson Reuters ISI Web of knowledgeo A semiquantitative method to rank journalso Based on 2 measurements o Number of citations in the current year to items published in the previous 2 years (numerator) o Number of substantive articles and reviews published in the same 2 years (denominator) Useful for comparing within a field, but is inaccurate for comparing between fields.
  13. 13. Анхаарал тавьсан та бүхэнд баярлалаа
  14. 14. Identify your audienceo Who would interest in your article?o Basic scientists in your fieldo Researchers in other fieldso Clinicianso Pharmaceutical companieso Public health organizationso Government agencies
  15. 15. Identify your most important messageDoes your work:o Offer new data or a new perspectiveo Describe new treatment or a variationo Explain a biological process or a mechanism that causes a diseaseo Describe a new or different use of technologyo Confirm or contradict current thinking
  16. 16. How will the information in your article be usedo Clinical decision makingo Understanding mechanism of disease or biological processo Drug developmento Clinical trialso Advances in technologyo Government or public health policy
  17. 17. When selecting a journalo Once you identify possible journals, read their journal instructions to see whethero Your intended audience matches their audienceo Your planned manuscript fits a type of article published by the journalo The acceptance rate and impact factor are relevant to you
  18. 18. Structure the abstracto Introductiono Methodology (referring to previous work )o Resulto Discussiono Supporting materials
  19. 19. 4 properties to consider when choosing a journal1. Journal’s prestige of impact2. “Fit” between your goals and the journal’s objectives and scope3. Journal’s visibility4. Review cycle
  20. 20. Topics to be discussed Choosing the most appropriate journals Structure of a scientific paper Protocol writing Effective science writing Assembling the manuscript for submission Covering letter The review process
  21. 21. Parts of the scientific paperso Abstract (concise and specific)o Introduction (clear rational and objective)o Methodology (organized logically and written clearly)o Result (data and comparisons explained clearly)o Discussion (interpret the data and focus on mechanisms)